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Lifespan sexuality final chap 12
Terms in this set (100)
In infancy and childhood,
d. many experiences of the time have great impact on the future expression of adult sexuality
which of the following statement is FALSE?
C. some male infants have been observed ejaculating after stimulating themselves
There is a scarcity of data on childhood sexuality for many reasons. Which of the following is NOT one of the reasons?
b. the data would have little practical application
the rhythmic manipulation of the genitals associated with adult masturbation generally does not occur until:
b. a child is two to three-years-old.
During childhood, ________.
c. responses to the child's expressions of affection help shape the way sexuality is expressed late in life.
which of the following is MOST accurate?
b. childhood same-sex encounters are replaced by the heterosexual relationships of adolescence
you are watching TV with your five-year-old son and he begins masturbating. How should you respond to this?
c. let him know that you understand thats its pleasurable. If he doesn't figure it out on is own, let him know that this is best to do that in the privacy of his own room.
`which of the following statements is FALSE
c. an infant is unable to differentiate sexual pleasure from other forms of sensual enjoyment
which of the following is NOT true of childhood sex play
c. those who are more intelligent engage in this less
which of the following statements regarding sex play with same sex friends during childhood is FALSE
a. parents are advised to discourage this behavior as it may "set the stage" for a homosexual orientation
phychologists emphasize the importance of being touched and held in early childhood. this is commonly referred to as:
a. contact comfort
according to research compiled at the mayo clinic _______% of 2-5 years old males and _______% of 2-5 years old girls masturbate using their hands.
according to studies done by William Friedrich at the mayo clinic, the frequency of observed sexual behaviors was ______ related to age
based on research, if a child is rarely touched and held during the few months and years of life, his or her behavior as an adult is MOST LIKELY effected in what way?
the person would be more likely to have difficulty establishing intimate relationships
Friedrich and colleagues study of mothers identified which behavior as occurring most frequently among children?
self-stimulation, exhibitionism, and behavior related to personal boundaries
which of the following is TRUE regarding childhood play with members of the same sex?
children tend to socialize and engage in sex play with same-sex peers
which of the following is Not true regarding the study of normative sexual behavior in children, as reported by their mothers?
a five-year-old boy who touches his genitals on and off should be watched for possible sexual abuse
which of the following is TRUE regarding childhood masturbation?
it is a normal part of childhood development and is harmless
In one study of 49 societies, what was found to be true of cultures where children were nurtured with physical affection?
there we're few instances of adult violence
In western societies, adolescence typically spans the period from ______ to ______ years of age
the initial appearance of sperm in the ejaculate typically occurs at what age?
the first menstrual period is called:
Typically, the first ejaculation occurs _____ after the growth spurt has begun.
which of the following statements is FALSE?
adolescent women may experience delayed menarche if they are overweight
overal, ____% of girls in the United States will be menstruating by age 13.75
Puberty is a term used to describe the period of rapid ____ changes in early adolescence
the onset of puberty is approximately ___________.
two years earlier for girls than for boys.
Tony and Tina are 13-years-old twins. They are both starting to grow hair under their arms, Tina is developing breast buds, and Tony's voice cracks on occasion. These are all examples of ________.
secondary sex characteristics.
The earliest signs of puberty for a girl are:
breast budding and growth of pubic hair
At the onset of puberty, the ________ secretes hormones that trigger the pituitary gland to release ________.
puberty comes from the latin pubescere meaning
"to be covered with hair"
which of the following is NOT considered to be a secondary sex characteristics?
descent of the testes
the brain coordinates the physical changes that occur during puberty and the ______ plays an especially important role in this process.
Hormones influence all of the following EXCEPT:
The median age at menarche for all girls in the United states and other developed nations, __________.
12.43 years, has remained stable for the last 50 years.
Gonadotrophins in females act on the ovaries to:
produce elevated estrogen levels
pituitary hormones that stimulate activity in the gonads (testes and ovaries) are known as:
the first ejaculation in boys:
occurs when the prostate and seminal vesicles begin functioning
which of the following BEST describes how boy-girl friendships are likely to change in adolescence?
they are likely to become more homosocial for a brief period and then more heterosocial
which statement below BEST illustrates the effect of the sexual double standard on adolescents?
Steve brags to his male friends about the kind of sex he and his girlfriend have; Emily tells her friends little about sex with Steve, fearing they'll think she's a slut.
current research shows that the sexual double standard
has decreased, especially among women
Mark and Alyssa are both teens. Mark is sexually inexperienced, but Alyssa has had sex with a few different boys. Under the sexual double standard, how are Mark and Alyssa likely to be labeled?
Mark will probably be considered a sissy and Alyssa will be considered "easy"
Hormones influence all of the following EXCEPT the
shifting of the vaginal pH from acidic to alkaline
one way the gender role expectations for males and females are revealed is through:
the existence of a sexual double standard
an adolescent girl wears her boyfriend's letterman jacket and gains status as a result, but if he were to wear her cheerleader's cardigan, he would be teased. this may be an example of;
a gender-based double standard
while children learn gender roles from infancy, the emphasis on gender-role differentiation often increases:
Sex therapists would be MOST likely to disagree with which of the following statements regarding adolescent masturbation?
it may inhibit eventual sexual expression with a partner because of the self-focused nature of the behavior
which of the following statements regarding masturbation during adolescence is TRUE
it increases in frequency in both sexes, but more boys engage in it than girls
recent studies indicate that the incidence of oral sex among teenagers has:
all off the following would be considered noncoital sex EXCEPT
sending sexually suggestive photos or text messages via the internet, cell phones or other electronic devices is known as:
which of the following is a problem with defining "real-sex" as coitus?
all the above
Multi-person sex (MPS) adolescent sexual interaction involves multiple simultaneous partners that:
may be either consensual or forced
one investigation reported that the tendency to establish a secure base through romantic interactions prior to sexual sharing was:
consistent across several ethnic groups, including asian, white, hispanic and black adolescents
Rudy and Elaine are involved in a relationship and both are seniors in high school......... how would the authors of your text describe this couple's sexual behavior?
they have chosen to refrain from adolescent coitus
the incidence of adolescent intercourse among very young teenagers:
which of the following statements BEST summarizes the rate of adolescent coital activity over the last five decades?
it has increased over time but leveled off within the past two decades; though the leveling off in adolescent coital rates has not been as pronounced among young teenagers
teenagers are MOST likely to be sexually intimate with:
someone to whom they feel emotional attached
according to the national health and social life survey, the primary reason for engaging in first intercourse reported by almost half the women and one fourth of the men was:
affection for their partner
studies conducted in the United States have shown that from early to late adolescence, the percentage of teens involved in romantic relationships:
approximately doubles from about 30% to about 70%
according to the NHSLS study, _________ was reported by about half the women as the primary reason for having first intercourse and _____ was reported as the primary reason by about half the men.
affection for the partner; curiosity and readiness for sex
which two factors are closely correlated with the delay of first intercourse?
high-quality parent-child relationships/communication and religious affiliation
in one study, multi-person sex was found to be associated with several variables, including:
child sexual abuse victimization
how have adolescent relationships changed in the United States since the Kinsey studies?
Early social experiences are now more likely to be shared within the context of an ongoing relationship
which of the following factors has NOT been empirically found to be associated with later onset of coitus?
poor athletic ability
which of the following states supports legal sanctions for anyone shown to have circulated a sexually suggestive photo with this intention of humiliating the teenager depicted in the photo?
Sexual contact with a member of the same sex during adolescence does not reflect sexual orientation later in life because of many reasons. What is NOT one of these reasons?
same sex contact with peers occurs primarily among girls
according to a 2009 survey by the gay, lesbian, and straight education network, over ______ of schools lack comprehensive programs for addressing and countering antigay bullying
homosexual adolescents are more likely too have unusually high incidences of depression, substance abuse and suicide attempts. which of the following offers the MOST likely explanation for this?
Negative societal attitudes toward homosexuality and sexuality in general
The majority of homosexual contacts that takes place during adolescence:
occurs between peers
several studies indicate that ________% of girls and _______% of boys report having experienced same-sex contact during adolescence.
which one is NOT true of high school Gay-straight alliances (GSAs)?
some states have declared these illegal
which of the following has NOT been suggested as something that might make life easier for adolescents with homosexual orientations?
recent reports that sexual orientation can sometimes be changed
which of the following statements is TRUE?
most adolescents are adequately informed about AIDS, but continues to engage in high-risk behavior because they don't believe it will affect them.
which of the following states is debating a legislative bill that would route all first-offense juveniles charged with sexting to an educational diversion program ?
The rate of teen pregnancy in the United states:
is the highest amount western industrialized nations
approximately ________ unmarried american teenage women become pregnant each year.
which of the following is NOT true of an adolescent mother who keeps her children?
she will be expelled from school
which one is NOT true of pregnant teenage mothers as compared to mothers in their 20s?
they are at a low risk for STIs
ineffective or non-usage of contraception has been associated with all of the following EXCEPT
teenage men with older female partners
of the persons below, who is MOST likely to correctly and consistently use contraception?
Alex, who has frequently talked with his mother about birth control
of the following examples, who is LEAST likely to use contraception?
Rita who is involved with a man six years older than her
which of the following statements regarding contraceptive use among teenagers is TRUE?
while contraception use is generally available, many do not use contraceptive consistently or effectively
which of the following is NOT suggested by the authors as a method to reduce teenage pregnancies?
Emphasize abstinence from intercourse until the early twenties to minimize risk of pregnancy as well as the risk of contracting AIDS
Studies of adolescents in Texas....a state that has aggressively promoted an abstinence-only approach in its schools, pronouncements, and policies- reveal that STI rates among adolescents in the state:
are well above national averages
one strategy the authors suggest for providing sex education to one's own children is to:
integrate information about sex into everyday conversations, where appropriate
federal funding for abstinence-only school sex education programs was eliminated in:
Positive parent-adolescent communication about sex has been linked to a(n)
decreased risk of contracting STIs
some topics never get discussed, at least at proper time, unless parents take the initiative. these topics may include:
all of the above
leading researchers in the field of sex education recently concluded that:
"comprehensive sex education has demonstrated its effectiveness in reducing negative sexual outcomes such as teenage pregnancy and STIs, whereas abstinence-only programs have not"
which of the following statements regarding sex education in schools is MOST accurate?
Only a minority of American schools offer comprehensive sex education courses.
have been heavily funded by the U.S congress
numerous research studies have demonstrated that comprehensive sex education programs
none of the above are true
Most efforts to provide sex education in schools have been:
either comprehensive or abstinence-only programs
research indicates that most children begin asking questions regarding how babies are made by about age:
The authors suggest that parents should take the initiative in sexual discussions
for first menstruation and ejaculation
most young people prefer that their ______ be the primary source of sex information
in reality, _______ are young people's principal source of sexual information
research indicates that adolescents who talk openly with their parents regarding sex and contraception are ________ than adolescents who do not talk to their parents
more likely to use birth control consistently
which of the following questions is NOT suggested by your text as a low-key beginning to a parent-initiated conversation about sex?
have you been seeing sex on television?
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