Son of Anchises and Venus, commander of the Dardanians and, after the death of Anchises, king of the Trojans and the central figure in the Aeneid.
Ascanius (Book 1)
Grandson of Anchises, son of Aeneas and Creusa, also called Iulus.
Venus (Book 1)
Goddess of love, daughter of Jupiter and Dione, wife of Vulcan, and mother of Aeneas by Anchises, and of Cupid.
Dido (Book 1)
Phoenician exile, queen and founder of Carthage, wife of Sychaeus first, then consort of Aeneas, who commits suicide upon his departure for Italy.
Jupiter (Book 1)
King of the gods, alternatively called Jove, husband and brother of Juno.
Juno (Book 1)
Queen of the gods, daughter of Saturn, wife and sister of Jupiter, her special province, marriage; among the Olympians, the principal antagonist of Aeneas, because of his Trojan origins.
Sychaeus (Book 1)
Dido's Phoenician husband, to whom the ghost of the queen returns in the underworld.
Pygmalion (Book 1)
Brother of Dido, who murdered her husband, Sychaeus, and effectively drove her into exile from Tyre.
Anchises (Book 2)
Trojan of royal descent, second cousin of Priam, father of Aeneas by Venus, his son who accompanies him from Troy to Sicily, where Anchises dies.
Creusa (Book 2)
Daughter of Priam by Hecuba, wife of Aeneas, mother of Ascanius, lost in the fall of Troy.
Priam (Book 2)
King of Troy, son of Laomedon of the line of Dardanus, father of Hector, Paris, and many others, and son of Polites.
Pyrrhus/Neoptolemus (Book 2)
Son of Achilles and the killer of Priam.
Laocoon (Book 2)
Trojan, priest of Neptune, who opposed the admittance of the Trojan horse into the city and was strangled by sea-serpents.
Sinon (Book 2)
Greek, master of fraud, whose cunning induces the Trojans to lead the wooden horse into their city.
Anna (Book 4)
Sister of Dido, who attempts to intercede between Dido and Aeneas.
Mercury (Book 4)
Messenger of the gods, son of Jupiter and Maia, giant-killer, and guide of dead souls to the Underworld.
Iris (Book 4)
Goddess, messenger of the gods, who typically comes arcing down to earth in a rainbow.
Misenus (Book 6)
Trojan, son of Aeolus, trumpeter and herald of Aeneas, who, having challenged the gods, was punished by them.
Palinurus (Book 6)
Trojan helmsman of Aeneas' ship: washed overboard, his burial was necessary for Aeneas to retrieve the golden bough from the Underworld.
Deiphobe (the Sibyl) (Book 6)
The Sibyl of Cumae, Aeneas' guide to the Underworld.
Deiphobus (the Trojan) (Book 6)
Son of Priam, commander-in-chief of the Trojans after Hector's death; consort of Helen after Paris dies; Aeneas sees his comrade's ghost in the Underworld.
Marcellus (both of them) (Book 6)
Marcus Claudius Marcellus, Roman general.
Hercules (Book 8)
The hero of the Twelve Labors.
Cacus (Book 8)
Son of Vulcan, fire-breathing monster who once lived on the Aventine hill in Pallanteum, savaging Evander's people until Hercules destroyed him, the occasion for yearly rites of celebration among the town's inhabitants.
Evander (Book 8)
King who migrated from Arcadia with his people to found the city of Pallanteum on the site of Rome; host to Aeneas and his Trojans, and father of Pallas.
Pallas (Book 8)
Son of Evander, comrade of Aeneas, killed by Turnus, who strips the sword-belt from his body.
Vulcan (Book 8)
God of fire, son of Juno, husband of Venus, who at the behest of Venus and assisted by his Cyclopean smiths, forges the shield of Aeneas.
Juturna (Book 12)
Italian water-nymph, sister of Turnus and servant of Juno.