18 terms

Roman Art Midterm- Additional Terms

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Etruscans
The People who ruled over Rome before Romans rebelled and vowed to never again be ruled by kings; one of the founding groups of Rome
Capitolium
An ancient Roman temple dedicated to the gods Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva.
travertine
a hard limestone used as a building material by the Etruscans and Romans
tufa
a soft, porous, volcanic rock that hardens on exposure to air, used as a building material in Roman buldings
annular barrel vault
circular barrel vault
forum
public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law
basilica
a Roman building used for public administration
First Style
earliest style of Roman mural painting; masonry style; aimed to mimmic marble panels through painted stucco relief
Second Style
mural painting; aimed to dissolve the confining walls of room and replace them with the illusion of a 3-D world constructed from artist's imagination
Third Style
mural painting; delicate linear features were sketched on monochromatic features
Fourth Style
mural painting; returns to architectural illusionism, but irrational fantasies; floaty dreamscapes
Mosaic
art consisting of a design made of small pieces of colored stone or glass
tesserae
the small piece of stone, glass, or other object that is pieced together with many others to create a mosaic
anastole
A Greek name for a hairstyle typical in portraits of Alexander the Great. It was characterized by hair brushed up from the forehead and arranged wreath-like around the face.
imagines
in ancient Rome, wax portraits of ancestors
nodus
a type of hairstyle popular during the time of Augustus, reference bust of Livia
Zeus Ammon
an Egyptian god; represented by a lamb horn; Alexander associated himself with him
virtus
strength, courage, excellence; character, virtue