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20 terms

PON CHAPTER 7

PON
STUDY
PLAY
The body's need for water increases on a diet high in ?
protein
what is the major energy carrier molecule in most cells?
ATP
WHAT TERM IS SPECIFIC TO REACTIONS IN WHICH SIMPLE COMPOUNDS ARE COMBINED INTO more complex molecule?
ANABOLIC
Which of the following is one explanation for the generally lower tolerance for alcohol in women in comparison to men?
women have lower amounts of stomach alcohol dehydrogenase.
which of the following defines a moderate level of alcohol intake per day for the average sized man?
up 2 drinks
When energy yielding nutrientw qre consumed in excess, which one can lead to storage of fat?
fat, carbs, and protein
After the first day or so of fasting, which of the following is most depleted in the body?
Glycogen
Lillie has been losing weight by following a very-low-carbohydrate diet for 2 months. Her primary care physician just diagnosed ketosis through a urine sample. Which of the following symptoms would be another way the physician might have suspected ketosis in Lillie?
Fruity odor on breath.
which of the following is (are) best suited for slowing alcohol absorption?
Carbohydrate snacks.
The effects on metabolism from starvation are similar to those from
Fasting
Which of the following describes the sum of all chemical reactions that go on in living cells?
Metabolism
The formation of glycogen by the liver cell is an example of
Anabolism
Which of the following defines a moderate level of alcohol intake per day for the average-sized woman?
Up to 1 drink
The series of reactions involving the conversion of glucose to pyruvate is known as
Glycolysis
which of the following leads to the production of urea?
Oxidation of amino acids
Which of the following is a possible fate of acetyl CoA?
Synthesis to fatty acids
Your roommate Demetrius is participating in a weightlifting course and complains of a burning pain during workouts. You explain to Demetrius that the rapid breakdown of glucose in hi s muscles produces large amounts of pyruvate which leads to a fall in pH within the muscle and that the muscle responds by converting excess pyruvate to
Lactate
binge drinking is defined as the successive consumption of
4-5 drinks
A typical cell contains "powerhouses" which is another name for the
Mitochondria
After digestion and absorption, an amino acid not used to build protein will first be subjected to
Removal of its amino group