Determining and Controlling Body Composition: Practice
Terms in this set (10)
To apply the FITT principles to eating habits we use __________.
A. fitness level of the person, intentions (weight loss or weight gain), types of food eaten, and time of day that food is consumed
B. filling the stomach, ingesting healthy foods, tracking progress, and talking it over with a professional
C. frequency of eating, intensity of calories contained in foods, times a day that you eat, and types of food you eat
D. finding healthy foods you like, intensity of the foods on your plate, temperature of the foods eaten, and tracking your progress
Lisa reads so many magazines and they give her all kinds of advice on weight loss and fitness. Which piece of advice would be good for her to follow?
A. Eating protein-rich, low-carbohydrate foods is the best way to lose weight.
B. Skip midday meals to save calories for dinner.
C. Eat frequent, low-calorie, small meals each day.
D. If she wants to speed up her metabolism, she has to consume very few calories.
What does the FITT principles stand for and how can it be used to alter body composition?
FITT stands for frequency, intensity, time, and type. These principles can be used to plan how often you will eat, how much food you will eat, when you will eat, and the quality of the food or calories contained relative to the quantity.
The real advantage to hydrostatic weighing is that it __________.
A. can be done anywhere with no equipment
B. gives one of the most accurate measurements of body fat
C. uses calipers to measure body fat
Larissa has a BMI of 30% and a waist measurement of 40. Describe Larissa's body composition, set a reasonable goal for her, and devise a plan to help her accomplish the goal.
Answers will vary greatly but should include that her BMI is too high and the goal should be to reduce her BMI. The plan must include the FITT principles (frequency, intensity, time, type) and show an understanding that, in order to lose weight, you must burn more calories than you take in.
Cameron learned that carrying more weight around the middle could put you at risk for certain conditions. She wants to use a body composition method to determine her body composition and also wants to know about weight distribution. Which method would be BEST to determine all she needs to know?
A. body mass index because it compares you to others
B. waist to hip ratio because it is not specific but helps determine weight distribution
C. an MRI because it uses high speed electrical signals and body mass to determine body composition
D. skin fold measurement because the calipers give you an exact calculation of how much fat is located in each area of the body
In a diet and exercise program, a good reward for weight loss is a big serving of your favorite high calorie food.
Which of the following BEST represent a good plan for decreasing your BMI?
A. measure your BMI; start a program that allows you to eat less and exercise more; reward yourself with your favorite dessert after reaching your goal
B. measure your BMI; set goals; record your progress in a journal; when you reach a goal, give yourself a sensible reward
C. plan a workout that gives your plenty of cardiovascular exercise; when your reach your weight loss goal, eat your favorite high-calorie food
D. skip breakfast to lower your calorie intake until you reach your goal; reward yourself with a new toy
When the body's energy intake is balanced with energy expenditure, an individual will gain weight.
If you wanted to measure your body composition and only had a scale and measuring tape, what types of methods could you use?
One could use body mass index, waist circumference, and waist-to-hip ratio.