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Terms in this set (52)
Difference between Greek and Roman GEOGRAPHY that affected their civilizations' development
Rome has less rugged mountains and several major rivers, which creates more arable farmland and an Agricultural Economy.
A major advantage to sending troops, overall transportation , and even Christianity was able to spread due to this Roman Achievement.
Etruscans, Latins, Phoenicians, and Greeks
The groups that originally inhabited the Italian Peninsula
Patricians and Plebeians
Two distinct Roman Social Classes
Roman Social Class that includes commoners/lower class
tribes and clans
Original composition of Roman villages
The date where the Italian Peninsula was inhabited by Etruscans
The date the Romans overthrew the Etruscan king
The date Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus
The date the Law of Twelve Tables was hung in Roman Forum
This is a major Legal similarity between 10 Commandments/Old Testament Law, USA's Bill of Rights, and the 12 Table of Rome
All 3 allow for the calling of witnesses to help prove innocence or guilt
The River that Rome is located on
Form of government where people exercise power via elected officials
Synonym of Republic
Battle of Cannae
Battle in 216BC where Hannibal defeats Rome and 60 thousand Romans perish
264-146BC (3 Wars against Carthage)
133 and 123BC "Failure of Reform"
The date and title of event in the Roman Republic history where Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus tried to ease unrest after Punic Wars by giving 'public' land to citizen-soldiers/farmers instead of Senate and lower prices of grain
The reason the Gracchi brothers did not succeed in reforming Rome.
They were killed by the Senate
88BC, First Civil War in Rome
The date and event where Marius (pro-Assembly) vs. Sulla (pro-Senate) go to war. Sulla wins, no reforms for Commoners.
60BC, 1st Triumvirate
Date where these guys came together: Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus
Date of the War between 1st Triumvirate, Caesar becomes "dictator for life"
"Ides" of March, 44BC
Date where Julius Caesar assassinated
Date where Octavian, Mark Antony, and Lepidus formed 2nd Triumvirate
43-31 BC - The Third Civil War
Date of the War between 2nd Triumvirate
Date where Octavian defeats Mark Antony and Cleopatra at the Battle of Actium - END OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC
This is a major difference between the Roman and Greek RELIGION
The 'nomenclature' of the Olympian gods were different. Romans used planetary/celestial names.
What major government structure creation did the United States copy from the Romans (who did not want sole power in only 1 person)?
3 branches of government - with each part of government being able to 'check and balance' one another
In Ancient Rome, the Social Class who kicked out the Etruscan King to form their 'representative democracy and create the Senate'
The military formation the Romans created that allowed for more flexible and maneuverability
The type of military formation the Greeks and Alexander the Great used that had more spears, was more rigid, and looked like a human "battering ram"
Senate, Consuls, and Tribal Assembly
The 3 branches of Roman Government
Just like the USA today, the branch of Roman government that had the power to DECLARE WAR
The length of term for the Consuls of the Roman government
The branch of government who had the title of the Roman Armies' "Commander in Chief"
The power of the Tribal Assembly where they could 'block' the laws debated/created by the wealthy Patrician "Senate"
Office of the Tribune
Group of 10 men within Assembly (Plebeian) class who could veto Senate laws
How did the wealthy Senate (made up of Patricians only) keep their power?
They controlled the FINANCES (money!)
Roman general who defeated Hannibal at the Battle of Zama to ultimately defeat Carthage.
Group of Senators who favored giving more power to "Patricians"
Tax collectors paid by the Romans to collect taxes of the conquered territories
Politicians who favored giving more power to "Plebeians"
Synonym for "Emperor," also known as the Latin term for 'ultimate authority or King's authority' given to Octavian
Roman view/role of women in society
Women had little to no legal rights, were "homebound"
Factors of the fall/decline of the Roman Empire
1. Failure of Republic, 2. Political Disorder, 3. Economic Troubles, 4. Moral Decay, 5. Barbaric Invasion, 6. Splitting of Empire, 7. Fall of Rome
The date when the Roman Emperor Theodosius splits the Roman Empire into East and West, giving his 2 sons power over each new empire.
The date of the END of the Roman Empire. Rome is sacked and a non-Roman emperor takes the throne.
Roman Senate Term
Roman Consuls Term
Edict of Milan
Famous decree by Emperor Constantine making Christianity in the Roman Empire LEGAL
Effect of spread of Christianity on Roman Empire
People lost identity of being Roman citizen and began to identify with their religion and church.
Reason for Christians being persecuted in Roman Empire
Christians would not worship Emperor who had been deified.
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