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Brain Anatomy

SCC Cole, A&P1 lecture and lab study guide
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Frontal Lobe
Name Anatomical Structure A
Parietal Lobe
Name Anatomical Structure B
Central Sulcus
Name Anatomical Structure Groove H
Medulla Oblongata
Anatomy, identify 6: lower or hindmost part of the brain.Vital part of the brain because it contains centers controlling breathing and heart functioning
Pyramid of Medulla Oblongata
Identify structure B:
Pons
Identify the structure A: band of nerve fibers linking the medulla oblongata and the cerebellum with the midbrain
Pons
Identify this structure just above the Medula Oblongata
Intermediate mass of thalamus
Identify A: Gray matter bridge which connects the R and L Thalamic nuclei
Hypothalamus
Name Structure A: limbic system component that regulates hunger, body temperature and other functions
Cerebellum
Identify: the "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance
Corpus Callosum
Identify B: a broad transverse nerve tract connecting the two cerebral hemispheres
Pineal Gland
Identify A: located in the center of the brain, functioning to secrete melatonin and serotonin
Fornix
Identify Highlighted Structure: A fiber tract that extends from the hippocampus to the mammillary body.
Pituitary Gland
Identify A: endocrine system's most influential gland. Under the influence of the hypothalamus, the pituitary regulates growth and controls other endocrine glands
Septum Pellucidum
Identify #5:, Separates the lateral ventricles of the cerebral hemispheres
Lateral Ventricle
Identify C: located in each hemisphere of the cerebrum. Seperated by the septum pellucidum.
Thalamus
Identify A: large egg-shaped structures of gray matter that form the dorsal subdivision of the diencephalon
Hypothalamus
Identify B: A neural structure lying below the thalamus; directs eating, drinking, body temperature; helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion
Cerebellum
Identify: the "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance
Vermis
Identify A: the narrow central part of the cerebellum between the two hemispheres
Arbor Vitae
Identify F: cerebellar white matter
Pineal gland
Identify A: located in the center of the brain, functioning to secrete melatonin and serotonin
Fornix
Identify
Pituitary gland
Identify: the master gland of the endocrine system
Septum Pellucidum
Identify: thin membrane that separates lateral ventricles
Mammillary bodies
Identify: paired pealike nuclei that bulge anteriorly from the hypothalamus; relay stations in the olfactory pathways
Mammillary bodies
Identify A:
Fornix
Identify this sheeps brain anatomy:
Pineal Body
Identify: a small endocrine gland in the brain
Inferior colliculi, superior colliculi
Identify Red Arrows, Identify Blue Arrows
Optic Chiasma
Identify this structure: the crossing of the optic nerves from the two eyes at the base of the brain
Medulla Oblongata
Identify this structure: lower or hindmost part of the brain
Septum Pellucidum
Identify this structure: thin membrane that separates lateral ventricles
Cerebellum
Identify: "little brain" attached to the rear of the brainstem; it helps coordinate voluntary movement and balance
Optic Nerve
Identify #2: the cranial nerve that serves the retina
Olfactory bulb
Identify #8: a collective term for numerous olfactory filaments in the nasal mucosa
Optic Chiasm
Identify what the arrow is pointing to (A)