Terms in this set (44)
A four-year degree from a college or university for a prescribed course of study. Also
referred to as Baccalaureate degree, B.A. (Bachelor of Arts), B.S. (Bachelor of Science), etc.
The decision to allow a student to enter a college or university.
A college entrance exam that measures English, math, reading and science reasoning. Scores range
from 1-36 along with a composite score. An optional writing test is offered.
Advanced Placement (AP®) Tests
Designed for students who have completed college-level work in high school, AP® tests are given in specific subject areas and are used to determine if a student may gain
advanced standing in college.
A formal request for admission to a college or university; requires the submission of forms
and other materials.
A natural ability or talent.
Associate's Degree (A.A., A.S.)
A two-year degree that generally prepares a student for further study at a
four-year institution or may provide sufficient training for a specific career.
A financial aid letter or document indicating the amount and type of financial support the
school is able to provide for the upcoming year.
Awarded upon successful completion of a short-term vocational or career training program.
A student's approximate standing in her/his graduating class, based on grade point average
(e.g., 72nd in a class of 410; in the "upper fifth" of the class).
College Entrance Exam
Standardized exam used in the admission process to predict the likelihood of a
student's success in college.
College Level Examination Program (CLEP)
the College Board's credit-by-examination program enabling
students to demonstrate college-level achievement in 34 different subject areas and receive up to two
years of college credit.
A standardized undergraduate application used by more than 400 colleges (mostly
selective, independent) for admission.
When a student's application for early decision or early action is postponed, and will be
considered with the regular applicant pool.
Unit of value given to college classes that denotes the amount of time a student will invest
in formal instruction. Credit hours may be used to determine part-time and full-time course loads. Specific
numbers of credit hours in certain areas of study are required for graduation.
Allows an admitted/accepted student to postpone enrollment for one year.
The rank or title given by a college or university to a student who has met certain academic
Certificate issued by a school, college or university to a student who has met coursework and
Doctorate Degree (Ph.D.):
One of the highest levels of an academic degree. Typically requires the
completion of a Master's Degree plus advanced graduate courses in a specialized area.
Early Action (EA):
Early action is a plan under which a student applies early in the fall and often receives an
admission decision prior to January. EA allows the accepted candidate until May 1 to accept or decline the
offer of admission.
Early decision is a plan under which a student applies to the first-choice college early
in the fall (usually by November 1 of the senior year) and agrees by contract to enter that college if offered
admission. Early decision applicants are judged on the basis of their junior year test scores, class rank, and
Educational Testing Service (ETS):
A non-profit agency established by the American Council on Education
(ACE), Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and the College Board to produce a variety of
educational tests and conduct research (www.ets.org).
Expected Family Contribution (EFC):
An amount the student and student's family are expected to
contribute toward his/her education. It is used in determining eligibility for federal student aid.
Any school activity, such as athletics, drama or music, that offers the student an
opportunity to complement his or her classroom experiences.
FAFSA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid):
A form required by the government for application
to any federal education aid program. A FAFSA determines the specific federal student aid programs that
contribute to a student's total college financial aid package and in what proportions. High school
seniors should submit the FAFSA as soon as possible after October 1.
Financial Aid or Assistance:
Any financial award to a student (e.g., grant, scholarship, work study, or loan).
Grade point average (GPA):
An indicator of the student's overall scholastic performance.
Awards are usually based on financial need and do not require repayment. Grants are available
through the federal government, state agencies, private organizations and educational institutions.
University programs offering the opportunity for superior students to enrich their
educational experience through independent, advanced or accelerated study.
Letter of Recommendation (LOR):
An assessment of the student's aptitudes, abilities, and interests,
written by a teacher or counselor and used by colleges and universities in the admission process.
Master's Degree (M.S., M.A.):
Bachelor's Degree plus graduate courses in specialized area. A Master's
Degree usually requires two additional years of full-time study after completion of a Bachelor's Degree.
The subject of study in which the student chooses to specialize; a series of related courses, taken
primarily in the junior and senior years of college.
Open admission (open enrollment):
The policy of some colleges of admitting virtually all high school
graduates, regardless of academic qualifications such as high school grades and admission scores.
Opportunities that are available after graduation from high school (secondary school);
usually refers to colleges and universities in the admission process.
a curriculum-based test and examination of interests and skills for 10th graders.
The application process in which a student submits an application to an institution by
a specified date and receives a decision within a reasonable and clearly stated period of time, but not later
than April 15.
and National Merit Scholarship Qualifying Test. Enables students to
practice for the SAT®
Reasoning Test and serves as the qualifying test for scholarship competitions
conducted by National Merit Scholarship Corporation.
The application process whereby a college reviews an application when the
application is completed and communicates the admission decision within a few weeks of reviewing the
SAt® Reasoning test:
College entrance exam designed to measure reading, writing and language, and
math skills needed for academic success in college. SAT®
scores range from 200 to 800 in each of the two
Financial aid based on merit and/or criteria set by the donor. This award money does not have
to repaid and is either paid directly to the student or deposited in a university account.
Tests such as the ACT and SAT®
that provide college admission officers with a
comparative standard for evaluating a student's academic aptitude and likelihood of success in college.
Student Aid Report (SAR):
The information received after the FAFSA has been processed. The SAR
summarizes the data in the FAFSA and reports the Expected Family Contribution (EFC).
The official record of high school or college courses and grades; generally required as part of
the college application.
Money earned in a job obtained through the help of the college's financial aid office. Hours
and location of the job are compatible with academic life and school schedule.