97 terms

apr 260

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describe two ways to change view of a document
1 choose commands from the view menu to zoom
2 zoom tool
(keyboard shortcuts)
how do you select tools
tool panel or keyboard shortcut
describe three ways to navigate btw art boards
1 art board number from menu at bottom left
2 art navigation arrows in bottom left
3 navigator panel
how do you save panel locations and visibility preferences
window>workspace>new workspace
describe how arranging document windows can be helpful
allows you to tile windows or cascade document groups -useful for working on multiple illustrator files
how can you select an object that has no fill
clicking stroke or dragging a marquee across the object
name two ways you can select an item in a group without choosing object>ungroup
use group selection tool, double click to enter group isolation mode-press esc key to leave isolation
of the two selection tools (selection and direct selection) which allows you to edit the individual anchor points of an object
direct selection tool, you can select one or more individual anchor points and make changes to the shape of an object
what should you do after creating a selection that you are going to use repeatedly
select>save selection
if you are unable to select an object, because the object you want to select is underneath another, name two ways to select the blocked object
object>hide>selection to hide the blocking object. then choose object>show all
-can also use command key + selection tool to click background object to front
to align objects to the artboard, what do you need to first select in the Align panel or control panel before you choose an alignment option
first select align to art board
basic tools for creating shapes
6 basic tools:
1 rectangle
2 rounded rectangle
3 ellipse
4 polygon
5 star
6 flare
how to tear of a group from tools panel
hold down mouse until group of tools appear on any one tool, then drag to the triangle on the right side of the group
how do you select shape with no fill
click the stroke
how do you draw a square
select rectangle tool, hold down shift key and drag to draw
how do you change number of sides on a polygon as you draw
as you drag hold down Down arrow key to reduce sides and Up arrow to add
name two ways you can combine several shapes into one
shape builder tool or pathfinder effects
how can you convert a raster image to editable vector shapes
trace it. to convert the tracing to paths, click expand in the control panel or choose object>image trace>expand
name two ways to change the size of an existing active art board
double click art board tool and edit the dimensions in the art board options box. select art board tool, position pointer over an edge or corner and drag to resize
how can you rename an art board
select art board tool then click to select an art board then change name in control panel. you can also double-click the name of the artboard in artboard panel
what is ruler origin
point where zero appears on each ruler in top left corner
explain several ways you can resize an object
by selecting it and dragging handles on its bounding box by using scale tool or transform panel. or choose object>transform>scale to specify exact dimensions. or effect>distort and transform> transform
what transformations can you make using the transform panel
moving or precisely placing objects in your artwork scaling, rotating, shearing and flipping
what does the square icon (reference point locator) indicate, and how does it affect transformations
reference point locator indicates bounding box of selected objects. select a point in square to indicate the reference point from which objects move, scale, rotate, shear or reflect
describe how to draw straight vertical, horizontal or diagonal lines using the pen tool
click twice with pen tool to draw straight line. to constrain it, press shift key as you make second point.
how do you draw curved line w pen tool
click to create starting anchor then drag to set the direction of curve and click
how do you draw corner point on curved line
press option key and drag the direction handle on the endpoint of the curve to change the direction of the path
name two ways to convert a smooth point on a curve to a corner point
direct selection tool to select anchor point and then use the convert anchor point tool to drag a direction handle to change the direction. or convert selected anchor points button in control panel
which tool would you use to edit a segment on a curved line
direct selection tool and drag segment to move it or drag a direction handle on anchor point to adjust the length
how can you change the way the pencil tool works
double click pencil tool to open the dialog box where you can change smoothness, fidelity, ect
describe at least three ways to fill an object with color
1 fill or stroke color in control panel
2 fill box in tools panel
3 click color swatch in swatches panel
4 eyedropper tool
how can you save a color
add it to swatches panel by dragging from fill box into swatches panel, click new swatch button, choose new swatch from panel menu
how do you name a color
double-click color swatch in swatches panel or select it and choose swatch options from the panel menu
how can you choose color harmonies for colors
color guide panel is a tool you can use for inspiration while you create artwork- it suggest harmonies based on current color in the tool panel
name two things the Edit colors/recolor artwork dialog box allows you to do
create and edit color groups, to reassign or reduce colors in artwork
how do you add pattern swatches to swatch panel
either create content for the pattern or deselect all content and choose object>pattern>make
explain what live paint allows you to do
lets you paint vector graphics by automatically detecting and correcting gaps that otherwise would have affected how fills and strokes were applied. Live paint is like filling in a color book or using watercolors to paint a pencil sketch
name two methods for creating a text area
1 with type tool click artboard and cursor appears
2 with type tool drag to create an area
what are two benefits of using an OpenType font
cross-platform compatibility and support of widely expanded character sets and layout features
what is difference btw a character style and paragraph style
character style can be applied to selected text only. paragraph style are best for indents, margins and line spacing
what are the advantages and disadvantages of converting text to outlines
-eliminates the need to send the fonts along with the file when sharing with others
-can fill the type with gradient and create interesting effects to letters
-text no longer editable
-cannot be converted to outlines
-must convert all type in selection to outlines; cannot convert single letter
name two benefits of using layers when creating artwork
protecting artwork that you don't want to change, hiding artwork that you aren't working with and controlling what prints
what is purpose of changing selection color for a layer
selection color controls how selected anchor points and direction lines are displayed on a layer and helps you identify the different layers in the document
what happens if you paste a layered file into another file? why is the Paste Remembers Layers option useful?
the paste commands paste layered files or objects copied form different layers into the active layer by default. the Paste remembers option keeps the original layers intact when pasting
how do you create a layer clipping mask
select the layer and click Make/Release clipping mask button in layers panel. topmost object in layer becomes the clipping mask
how do you apply an effect to a layer? how can you edit that effect
click target icon for the layer which you want to apply the effect. then choose an effect from effect menu. To edit, make sure the layer is selected and then click the name of the effect in the appearance panel, effect dialog box opens
describe the three preset grids
one-point perspective
-one point perspective can be useful for roads, railway tracks, or buildings so that the front is directly facing the viewer
describe three preset grids
two-point perspective
-two point perspective is useful for drawing a cube, such as a building or two roads going off in a distance, and typically has two vanishing points
describe three preset grids
three-point perspective
-three point perspective is used for buildings see from above or below, in addition to vanishing points for each wall, there is a vanishing point in three-point perspective showing those walls receding into the ground or high in space
how can you show or hide the perspective grid
by selecting perspective grid tool in tool panel by choosing view>perspective grid>show grid/hide grid.
before drawing content on a grid plane, what must be done to ensure the object is on the correct grid plane
selecting content on the grid you want to choose with the perspective selection tool
describe the steps required to move content from one grid plane to another
with object selected, begin dragging and without releasing mouse button click 1,2,3 or 4
what does double-clicking a grid plane control allow you to do
allows you to move the plane or copy the content as the plane moves
how do move an object perpendicular to the grid
perspective selection tool, hold down number 5 key and drag the object perpendicular to the plane
what is a gradient
graduated blend of two or more colors or of tints of the same color- can be applied to stroke or fill object
name two ways to apply a gradient to a selected object
select object and select stroke or fill box and click gradient box in tools panel to fill an object with default white-black gradient or last color used
-eye dropper tool
how do you adjust the blend btw colors in a gradient
with gradient tool selected, and pointer over gradient panel, you can drag the diamond icons or color stops of gradient slider
name two ways you can add colors to gradient
click beneath gradient slider to add a gradient stop to the gradient, then double-click the color stop to edit the color, using panel that appears to mix new color or add existing to color swatch.
how can you adjust direction of gradient
drag with gradient tool. dragging short distance makes color change more abrupt.
difference btw gradient and blend
the ways the colors combine together
-blend together within gradient and between objects with blend
describe two ways to blend the shapes and colors
click each object with blend tool or select object>blend>blend options to set number of steps, then choose object>blend>make to create the blend
what is the difference btw selecting a smooth color blend and specifying the number of steps in a blend
smooth color blend, illustrator automatically calculates the number of steps necessary to create smooth blend btw selected objects. Specifying number of steps lets you determine how many steps are visible in the blend
how do you adjust the shapes or colors in the blend?
direct selection tool to adjust shape and you can change the colors of the original objects to adjust the intermediate colors in blend
how do you adjust the path of a blend
use the convert anchor point tool by dragging anchor points or direction handles on the spine
art brush
stretch artwork evenly along a path. include strokes the resemble graphic media such as Charcoal-Thick, also include objects such as arrow brush
calligraphic brush
elliptical shape whose center follows the path. creates strokes that resemble hand-drawn lines
pattern brush
paint a pattern made up of separate sections, or tiles, for the sides, ends and corners of the path. the brush applies different tiles from the pattern to different sections of the path
bristle brush
allow you to create brush strokes with appearance of natural brush with bristles
scatter brush
scatter an object, such as a leaf, along a path.
what is the difference btw applying a brush to artwork using the paintbrush tool and applying a brush using drawing tools
with paintbrush tool, the brush is applied to the paths as you draw.
with drawing tool, the you select the path in the artwork after you draw and choose a brush
describe how to edit paths with the paintbrush tool as you draw. how does the keep selected option affect the paintbrush tool
to edit with paintbrush tool, drag over a selected path to redraw it. the keep selected option keeps the last path selected as you draw-leave selected when you want to easily edit a previous path. when keep selected is deselected, you can use the selection tool to select a path and edit
how do you change the colorization method for an art, pattern, or scatter brush? (do not use colorization method for calligraphic and bristle brushes)
double-click brush in brushes panel to open dialog box. use the method menu in the colorization section to select another method. Hue Shift uses default color or change color by clicking key color eyedropper and click color in a preview.
for which brush types must you have artwork selected on the art board before you can create a brush
art and scatter brushes
what does the blob brush tool allow you to create
edit filled shapes that you can intersect and merge with other shapes of the same color or to create artwork from scratch
name two ways to apply and effect to an object
1 select the object and choose effect from the Effect menu
2 select object and click new effect button in appearance panel
where can effects applied to an object be edited once they are applied
appearance panel
what three types of 3D effects are available?
1 extrude and bevel- uses Z axis to give 2D object depth- ex:circle becomes cylinder
2 revolve- uses Y axis to revolve an object around an axis- ex: arc becomes a circle
3 rotate- uses Z axis to rotate 2D artwork in 3D space an to change the artwork's perspective
how can you control lighting on a 3D object? does the lighting of one object affect all 3D objects?
click the More options button in any of the 3D dialog boxes, you can change the light, direction of light, and shade of color. it does not affect the other objects
what are the generic steps to map artwork to an object
select artwork to be used as a symbol, and save it as a symbol in the symbols panel, then select the object and choose Effect>3D>extrude and bevel or Effect>3D>revolve, click map art, last navigate to the surface by clicking the next surface or previous buttons. select symbol from the menu and close dialog boxes
how do you add a second stroke to an object
add new stroke button in appearance panel or choose add new stroke. stroke is then added to appearance list and has the same color and stroke weight as the original
difference btw applying a graphic style to a layer versus applying it to an object
after a graphic style is applied to a layer, everything you add to that layer has that style applied to it.

when applied to single object, other objects on layer are not affected
how do you add to an existing graphic style
option-click another graphic style in graphic style panel menu
how do you remove an appearance attribute using layers panel
in layers panel, click target icon of layer. drag target icon to the delete selection button in the layers panel to remove the appearance.

or select the object, choose reduce to basic appearance from the appearance panel menu
why do we align content to the pixel grid
provides a crisp appearance to strokes
name three image file types that can be chosen in the save for web dialog box
JPEG, GIF, PNG-8 or PNG-24
what are three benefits of using symbols
you can edit one symbol and all instances are updated, you can map artwork to 3D objects, using symbols reduces file size
how do you update an existing symbol
double-click the symbol icon in the symbols panel, double-click the instance of the symbol on the art board, then can make edits in isolation mode
what is something that cannot be used as a symbol
linked images
name the symbolism tool that is used for shifting symbol instances in a symbol set
Symbol Shifter tool
if you are using a symbolism tool on an area that has two different symbols applied, which one is affected
the symbol active is only instance affected
how do you access symbols from other documents
Window>symbol libraries>other library
name two ways to bring symbols from illustrator to flash
copy and paste, choose File>Import>import to stage

or file>import>import to library
difference btw linking and embedding in illustrator
-linked file is separate, external file connected to illustrator by an electronic link. linked file does not add significantly to the size of illustrator file. also must accompany the ill. file to preserve the link and ensure that the placed file appears when you open the ill. file

-embedded file is included in the illustrator file. the ill. file size reflects the addition of the embedded file. no link can be broken. can update linked and embedded files using the Relink button in the links panel
what kinds of objects can be used as masks
mask can be simple or compounded. you can use type as a mask. can import opacity masks with placed photoshop files. also can create layer clipping masks with any shape that is the topmost object of a group or layer
how do you create an opacity mask for placed image
placing an object to be used as a mask on top of the object to be masked. then, select the mask and objects and click the Make Mask button in the transparency panel
what color modifications can you apply to a selected object using effects
can use effects to change color mode (RGB, CMYK, or grayscale) or adjust individual colors in a selected object- can also saturate or desaturate or invert colors. can apply to placed images or artwork created in illustrator
describe how to replace an image with another image in a document
select the image in the links panel then click the relink button and locate and select the replacement image, click Place.
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