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Computer Concepts Final

Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (41)

eHealth: comprises the technologies supporting an essential shift in methods, attitudes, and actions regarding health and wellness in our society today, often referred to as Health 2.0. Move to prevention, focus on health vs. sickness. People take active roles in managing and maintaining their own health. 1) delivery of health information, for health professionals and health consumers, through the Internet and telecommunications 2) using the power of information technology and e-commerce to improve public health services, such as through the education and training of health workers 3) the use of e-commerce and e-business practices in health systems management. **ultimate goal, a focus on health for people around the world, regardless of their ability to afford insurance or their geographical access to healthcare facilities. Encompasses education and training

Challenges: people's access to infrastructure such as smartphones, access to the health related programs and professionals who develop and deliver the revolutionary programs supported by these electronic means. Need good data, or else bad eHealth

mHelath: use of mobile technologies for purposes of health are, public health, and health-related activities at the individual level. Can be clinical, educational, administrative, or research related. Includes smartphones, mobile applications using tablets and smartphones, the Internet, machine to machine wireless capabilities, personal computers, patient monitoring devices, social media, personalized health dashboards. Taken geography out of the healthcare equation, removed physical barriers. Increasing availability of mobile technologies, changing demographics play a role in need for mHealth. Ex UNICEF, m track, use simple texts to track supplies of medicines and disease outbreaks electronically rather than paper based processes.

-need more access to EHR systems and other HIS and infrastructure to have more robust foundation of data for mHealth, use, tracking, and communication

Social media: Use social media can be difficult when trying to preserve patient privacy, confidentiality, security, while still being interactive and informational for patients. Good for informational, marketing, reviews, building support communities, patient education and human interest stories.
Challenges: HIPPA, practical decisions of governing social media, guiding principles not horizontally accepted, productivity can be an issue with employees, need educational training programs to really understand how to use social media properly

Telemedicine: Remote delivery of clinical services using internet, secure email, smartphones from one site to another via electronic communication to improve a person's health awareness and access to information in the broader context of health promotion and prevention of illness or harm. 1) intent to provide clinical support 2) overcome geographical barriers 3) connect users who are in different physical locations using the variety of types of modern information 4) communication technologies and improve health outcomes

Challenges: complexity of human and cultural factors (communication methods for clinicians and patients, lack of necessary technical proficiency) cost of sustaining telemedicine and telehealth initiatives, a shortage of studies evaluating costs and benefits, legal issues around crossing trans regional boundaries, technical challenges create barriers to the integration of the various types of systems