Super volcano case study - Yellowstone, Kobe earthquake case study, Case Study - Tsunami - Indian Ocean, Haiti Earthquake Case Study, Eyjafjallajokull Volcano - case study
Terms in this set (31)
Primary effects yellowstone
3/4 of USA of popukation would be affected by erruption.
Pyroclastic flow could travel 100km, killing a possible 87,000.
Secondary effects yellowstone
Deaths (primary effect) kobe
kobe Injuries (primary effect)
kobe People displaced (primary effect)
kobe Other primary effects
Gas mains and water pipes broke, elevated roads collapsed and 2 mil homes lost electricity
Fires in suburbs due to wooden houses and electricity sparks, companies closed
kobe Damage cost (secondary effect)
kobe Immediate responses
People searched the rubble and retailers provided free essenfials
kobe Long term responses (buildings)
Buildings built further apart, High rise buildings had steel frames for support, bridges had rubber shock absorvers
Date indian tsnami
December 26 2004
Destructive plate margin along West coast of Indonesia, earthquake 9.1 on ritcher, caused lots of water to be displaced.
insian ocean tsunami Injuries
indian ocean tsunami Homeless
indian ocean tsunami Impacts
Affected most countries bordering Indian Ocean, Indonesia, Thailand, Sri Lanka, India.
Banda Acheh, Pri Pri, Phuket.
Towns and villages destroyed.
30% of crops lost.
Tourism industry suffered.
Ancient burial grounds and ruins under water.
Water diseases like cholera and typhoid.
indian ocean tsunami Primary Responses
Hundreds of millions donated by foreign governments.
Foreign governments sent in ships, planes and soldiers to rescue and give food and clear up.
indian ocean tsunami Secondary Respones
Billions donated to rebuild infrastructure.
Programmes set up to rebuild homes and help people get back to work.
Tsunami early warning system put in Indian Ocean.
Disaster management plans put in place in countries.
Volunteers trained so people know what to do in these situations.
Epicentre Location haiti
25KM west of Port Au Prince
7.0 on Richtor Scale
Plate Boundary haiti
Conservative, Caribbean and North American Plate
Primary impacts haiti
Deaths - 220,000 people
Injuries - 300,000 people
homeless - 1.3 million people
30,000 commercial buildings collapse
Secondary impacts haiti
- Infrastructure and communications were destroyed
- damaged water supplies lead to spread of disease (8000 died from cholera)
- stress, trauma and emotional loss affect mental health
Short term Response haiti
- Dominican Republic sent emergency water and medical supplies
- Field hospitals set up
- UN troops distribute aid and keep order
- Dig out survivors with basic tools or bare hands
- Emergency rescue from MEDCs, eg Iceland
Secondary Responses haiti
1.6 million were in camps
110 cooks to cook 100,000 meals a day
4 million people received food aid
1.2 million people received water aid
'Cash for work' (paying Haitians to clear rubble.)
Small farmers are being supported
Schools and other services are being rebuilt.
$1 billion within half a year
Response Problem haiti
Hard to access as port and airport damaged, took Red Cross 36 hours.
Primary effects of eyjafjallajokull -
~A fissure eruption with a lava flow on each side.
~released a huge ash cloud disturbed by high-velocity air strems above iceland.
~ Ash cloud drifted in and out of UK airspace and caused nearly a week of travel disruption around the world.
~dust settled on cars in england
~ smoke and ash made visibility hard for navigation and debris in the air could smash windscreens and melt in the heat of aircraft engines and cause them to shhut down.
What was in the ash eyjafjallajokull
- pulverized rock, minerals and volcanic glass (make it impossible for humans to breath and would burn and disintegrate your insides)
Secondry effects of eyjafjallajokull local
~150 m thick ice cap melted and caused flooding in Iceland - 700 people had to evacuate
~destroyed the main route 1 road, other roads had to be bulldozed to allow flood water to go to the sea
~20 farms were destroyed
~rivers had to be dredged or flooded to create new paths
~ a year later rivers discovered to be blocked to ash clogging them up.
secondary affects air companies eyjafjallajokull
cost British airways 20 million a day
global cost 130 million a day
150 thousand brits stranded
had to put crew in hotel
effects on other people eyjafjallajokull
f1 had to drive to Barcelona from china
London marathon had to pay for elite athletes
flower companies of Kenya
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