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CH 6 MIS
Terms in this set (62)
Which of the following systems development techniques requires IT specialists that are in-house to develop information systems?
Which of the following systems development techniques allows end users to develop information systems?
If you were developing marketing strategies and you decided to create a database that tracked the progress of your marketing efforts, what kind of development would you be engaging in?
Which of the following systems development techniques delegate development tasks to a third party for a specified cost, period of time, and level of service?
What is the difference between insourcing and selfsourcing?
C. Selfsourcing allows for end user development; insourcing requires internal IT staff.
The systems development life cycle (SDLC) is:
B. a structured approach for developing information systems.
The waterfall methodology is:
A. a sequential, activity-based process in which one phase of the SDLC is followed by another.
The SDLC contains seven phases. Which phase is devoted to creating a solid plan for developing your information system?
Which of the following is a characteristic of a proposed system that is essential to the success of your organization?
C. Critical success factor
A project scope document is:
B. a one-paragraph statement about the scope of the proposed project
Which of the following occurs when the scope of the project increases beyond its original intentions?
A. Scope creep
Which of the following occurs when developers and end users add extra features that were not part of the initial requirements?
B. Feature creep
What document defines the what, when, and who questions of systems development including all activities to be performed, the individuals, or resources, who will perform the activities, and the time required to complete each activity?
B. Project plan
_____ defines and develops the project plan, and tracks the plan to ensure that all key project milestones are completed on time.
B. Project manager
_____ represent key dates by which you need a certain group of activities performed.
D. Project milestones
Which phase in the SDLC involves end users and IT specialist working together to gather, understand, and document the business requirements for the proposed system?
Business requirements are:
B. the detailed set of requests that the proposed information system must meet to be successful.
The proposed information system must connect 25,000 employees, working in five satellite sites of Europe, U.S., and Africa" is an example of a(n) ____.
D. business requirement
When IT specialists and end users meet in one location to define and review the business requirements of a proposed system, the meeting is called a ____.
C. joint application development session
Once all the business requirements are defined, you must prioritize them in order of business importance and place them in a formal comprehensive document, called a(n) ____.
B. requirements definition document
The primary goal of which phase in the SDLC is to build a technical blueprint of how the proposed system will work?
Which of the following is considered a technical architecture for a proposed system?
A. A description of the needed hardware, software, and telecommunications equipment.
What is the difference between the design phase and the analysis phase?
D. The design phase takes the requirements developed in the analysis phase and creates a design based on that.
The SDLC contains seven phases. Which phase transforms the design into an actual system?
Which phase in the SDLC verifies that the system works and meets all the business requirements developed in the analysis phase?
To ensure that the newly developed information systems functions properly, what should you create that lists the expected steps that the system should perform and expected results from these steps?
B. Test Conditions
_____ verifies that separate systems can work together.
C. Integration testing
The SDLC contains seven phases. Which phase distributes the system to all the users so that they can use it to perform their jobs?
When you install the system, you must provide employees with _____ that highlights how to use the system
B. user documentation
_____ training is most suitable for difficult systems for which employees need one-on-one time with an individual instructor.
If you were to implement the new system while the existing system continued to run, what type of implementation method would you be following?
C. Parallel implementation
If you were to allow only a select group of people to use the new system so that you could determine if it was working correctly, what type of implementation method would you be following?
A. Pilot implementation
During the _____ phase of the SDLC, the new system is monitored and supported to ensure it continues to meet the business goals.
What is the difference between the implementation phase and the maintenance phase?
D. The maintenance phase monitors and adjusts new and existing systems; the implementation phase places new systems into operation.
_____ focuses on building small self-contained blocks of code that can be reused across a variety of applications within an organization.
D. Component-based development
Which of the following methodologies emphasizes extensive user involvement in the rapid and evolutionary construction of working prototypes?
D. Rapid application development (RAD)
Which of the following methodologies breaks a project into tiny phases; programmers must develop the code for each phase before they can continue to the next phase?
B. Extreme programming
_____ is a form of XP, which aims for customer satisfaction through early and continuous delivery of useful software components.
A. The agile methodology
What is the difference between extreme programming (XP) and the agile methodology to software development?
D. XP focuses more on team coding; the agile methodology focuses on limiting project scope.
_____ is a high-level, holistic organizational approach to how your organization views and acts on all its software needs.
A. Service-oriented architecture
_____ is the development and support of IT systems by knowledge workers with little or no help from IT specialists.
A. End-user involvement
What group of people knows little about IT but a lot about their own domain?
C. End users
Which of the following is not an advantage of selfsourcing?
B. It analyses the various design alternatives which lead to subpar IT systems.
Which of the following is a potential risk of selfsourcing?
B. Lack of documentation and external support leads to short-lived systems.
What type of selfsourcing development tool is paramount to the success of the proposed software?
A. Easy to use development tools
Because end users work with a wide range of data, what toolset should they select for selfsourcing support?
D. Database management systems
_____ is the process of building a model that demonstrates the features of a proposed product, service, or system.
What is used to prove the technical feasibility of a proposed system?
C. Proof-of-concept prototype
A prototype you use to convince people of the worth of a proposed system is a(n) ____.
D. selling prototype
What is the first step in the prototyping process?
C. Identify basic requirements
What is the fourth and last step in the prototyping process?
D. Revise and enhance the prototype
Which of the following is an advantage of prototyping?
D. All of the above
Which of the following is a disadvantage to prototyping?
B. Prototyping does not give an indication of performance under operational conditions.
According to the Outsourcing Research Council, which business function is the top outsourcing area for many contemporary companies?
C. Human Resources
Which SDLC phase is performed with both internal software development and outsourcing?
_____ is a formal document that describes in detail your logical requirements for a proposed system and invites vendors to submit bids for its development.
C. Request for proposal (RFP)
If you were constructing a legal document for your software vendor that stipulated needed requirements, schedules, costs, acceptance criteria, and assessment metrics, what would you be creating?
A. Service level agreement
If your U.S.-based company were to hire a vendor located in New York City, you would be using _____ outsourcing.
If your U.S.-based company were to hire a vendor from Mexico City, you would be using _____ outsourcing.
What is the trend called when a U.S. company outsources IT functions to other countries that are geographically far away?
B. Offshore outsourcing
Which of the following is an advantage of outsourcing?
B. Reduces costs
Which of the following is a disadvantage of outsourcing?
B. It increases dependency on other organizations
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