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MIS CH 9
Terms in this set (57)
Which of the following is true of personal software-as-a-service (personal SaaS)?
C. It involves paying for personal productivity software on a pay-per-use basis.
Which of the following is a drawback of personal software-as-a-service (personal SaaS)?
B. It does not ensure high levels of privacy as data is maintained on a Web-based server.
Which of the following is a delivery model that enables a person to rent productivity software such as Microsoft Office?
C. Personal SaaS
Johanna works for a child rights organization and is required to travel during the first quarter of the year to different underdeveloped countries. Her role is to visit the different country offices to help define project goals, brainstorm fundraising ideas, and realize the scope of projects at the onset of campaigns. For these sessions, she uses a mind mapping software. She prefers to rent the software prior to her travel instead of purchasing it, since she needs it only for a few months of the year. Which of the following is most likely being used by Johanna?
A. Personal SaaS
Which of the following is an advantage of personal software-as-a-service (personal SaaS)?
A. It represents a cost effective solution for most users
Which of the following refers to an environment in which businesses and organizations come to customers via technology with information, services, and product offerings based on their profiles?
B. Push technology
Which of the following is an example of push technology?
C. Travel Web sites that e-mail holiday offers to customers based on their membership profiles.
Abigail, a corporate lawyer, pursues art as a hobby in her spare time. Recently, she started maintaining a blog in which she regularly writes about her favourite artists, types of art, and any art works that she has purchased. Since then, she has started receiving updates via e-mail and text message about art events based on her tastes and preferences. This is an example of ____.
C. Push technology
Which of the following is true of push technology?
A. Databases and data warehouses affect the development of push technologies.
Which of the following is an e-commerce business model in which a consumer communicates through a business on the Internet, and directly provides product specifications to a factory that produces the product and ships it directly to the consumer?
Dell Inc., the multinational IT corporation that manufactures computers and related products, pioneered the direct selling model, wherein customers could customize their PCs by placing orders online along with their product specifications. Dell would then manufacture the computers according to customers' requirements and subsequently ship the product directly to them. This is an example of which of the following e-commerce business models?
iTunes, Apple's online music store, allows users across the globe to download music, videos, games, audiobooks, podcasts, and other forms of digital content, all at the push of a button. Effectively, iTunes allowed users to bypass traditional channels such as music stores and other retailers that would normally distributes such products. This is an example of ____.
An example of _____ would be the travel industry where the Internet connects customers directly to an airline to purchase tickets and travel agents no longer play an important role in the process.
Which of the following best defines disintermediation?
A. The use of the Internet as a delivery vehicle whereby middle men in a distribution channel can be bypassed
Which of the following allows you to send voice communications over the Internet and avoid the toll charges that you would normally receive from your long distance carrier?
Sally who lives in New Jersey needs to constantly be in touch with her husband who works in Italy. She uses a certain technology which allows her to make phone calls over the Internet and charges her a basic monthly fee for all her international calls. Which of the following is Sally most likely to be using?
_____ focuses on online collaboration, users as both creators and modifiers of content, and other engaging Web-based services.
A. Web 2.0
Which of the following focuses on semantics i.e., the ability of Internet technologies to interpret and understand human-generated content?
C. Web 3.0
Which of the following is true of Web 2.0?
D. It focuses on dynamic and customized information feeds
Which of the following best describes the process of viewing the physical world with computer-generated layers of information added to it?
B. Augmented reality
Which of the following is an example of augmented reality?
C. A sports broadcast of a golf tournament uses digital overlays to indicate the yardage of the golf course.
Lesley who recently traveled to Paris was anxious prior to her visit because it was her first trip to the city. However, while she was in the city, she used a certain technology which helped her find places at the click of a button. Whenever she was outdoors, she would click a photo of the street on her palmtop and a list of museums, parks, and eateries would automatically appear on the screen. With the help of this technology, she could easily make her way through the city. Which of the following technologies did Lesley's palmtop utilize?
A. Augmented reality
Which of the following captures and utilizes real body characteristics, such as breadth, voice, height, and weight to interact with a computer system?
C. Physiological interfaces
The National Museum maintains the highest levels of security due to the invaluable range of artefacts that are on display. At the entrance of each level in the museum, there is equipment that scans the facial features of every visitor that enters the floor. This helps them protect the artefacts by monitoring the flow of visitors in and out of the museum. Which of the following is the museum using?
A. Physiological interfaces
Which of the following is an example of a physiological innovation?
B. Haptic interfaces
Which of the following refers to a system which not only captures spoken words but also distinguishes word groupings to form sentences?
A. Automatic speech recognition
Which of the following refers to a system which converts the digital signals of one's speech into phonemes?
A. Feature analysis
Which of the following refers to a system that matches one's spoken phonemes to a phoneme sequence stored in an acoustic model database?
C. Pattern classification
Which of the following best describes a system which attempts to make sense of what a person is saying by comparing the word phonemes generated in pattern classification with a language model database?
B. Language processing
Which of the following is undertaken by a feature analysis system?
D. Eliminates background noises and converts digital speech signals into syllables
Certain cell phones provide users with the option of voice dialling. All that the user has to do is give a command stating the name of the person they would like to call, (e.g., "Call Roger") and the cell phone automatically dials the person's number. Which of the following physiological innovations do such cell phones utilize?
Some in-car GPS navigation systems are voice activated. All that a driver has to do is state the name of one's destination or dictate an address and the system automatically instructs the driver on how to get there. Which of the following physiological innovations do such GPS systems utilize?
Several airline pilots are trained in flight simulators which recreate the environment of actual airplane cockpits. Using such technology, pilots are trained to respond to various conditions that they might encounter while on the job, such as turbulence, engine failure, bad weather, and the like. Flight simulators are real-world applications of ____.
C. Virtual reality
The most common applications of virtual reality are found in the _____ industry
Which of the following refers to a technology with a three-dimensional computer simulation in which a person actively and physically participates?
B. Virtual reality
Reuben spends most of his free time playing on his PlayStation 3 (PS3). His favorite game "Sports Champions" includes the use of PS3's motion controller, a device which allows the user to physically participate in a game. The PS3 Eye, a gaming camera, captures the movements of the motion controller and displays it on the TV screen. In this scenario, the game "Sports Champions" is using ____.
A. virtual reality
Which of the following represents a device which contains a screen that covers a user's entire field of vision and displays various views of an environment based on the user's movements?
Which of the following is an input device that captures and records the shape and movement of your hand and fingers and the strength of their movements?
Which of the following refers to a special 3-D virtual reality room that can display images of people and objects located in other similar environments all over the world?
Which of the following is true about a CAVE?
C. Images are created, captured, and/or displayed in true three-dimensional form.
Which of the following is a holographic device?
D. Cave automatic virtual environment
Which of the following uses technology to add the sense of touch to an environment that previously only had visual and textual elements?
B. Haptic interfaces
Touch screen cell phones have ____. This is evidenced by the vibrations that the user senses when he or she presses a button on the screen
D. haptic interfaces
_____ is the use of physiological characteristics—such as your fingerprint, the blood vessels in the iris of your eye, the sound of your voice, and even your breath—to provide identification.
Chic! is a high-end luxury boutique in Paris that is especially popular among its clientele because of the well-fitted dresses that it offers. All that customers needs to do is decide on the design and color of a dress and then enter a room in the store which scans their entire body. The store then creates a dress based on the customer's exact body structure and shape, which fits them perfectly. Which of the following is the store using?
Illuminas, a research firm in Moscow, maintains a high level of security due to the sensitive research data that they handle. Certain parts of the facility have restricted access and are accessible only to authorized personnel. To validate the identity of such personnel, the firm uses a certain technology which scans employees' irises before granting them entry to such areas. This is an example of which of the following aspects of personal identification?
D. Who you are
The "_____" aspect of personal identification refers to something like a password which everyone can create and has.
A. What you know
Which of the following can perform a variety of physiological functions when inserted into the human body?
Which of the following can be placed in the human body to store important information about a person, such as medical history, and can be GPS-enabled to offer a method of tracking?
B. implant chip
Which of the following is a standard for transmitting information in the form of short-range radio waves over distances of up to 30 feet?
Melissa and her friend, Erica, go on a hike to get away from the hustle bustle of city life. During the hike, Melissa takes several photographs with her cell phone camera and she uses a certain technology to transfer them to Erica. However, when she tries sending them to her friends who lives in the next city, she is unable to transfer the photographs. Which of the following technologies is Melissa using?
Which of the following refers to a standard for transmitting information in the form of radio waves over distances up to about several miles?
Which of the following refers to a wireless transmission technology developed primarily for mobile phones to support mobile commerce and other phone activities?
Which of the following uses a microchip in a tag to store information, and information is transmitted from the tag when the microchip is exposed to the correct frequency of radio waves?
With RFID technologies, each individual piece of merchandise will have a unique ____.
Which of the following is a discipline that seeks to control matter at the atomic and sub-atomic levels for the purpose of building devices on the same small scale?
Which of the following refers to the process of countries being defined by the extent to which they have only limited access to and use of technology?
A. Great digital divide
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