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Terms in this set (50)
According to Jewish tradition, to which patriarch did God give the commandment to circumcise himself and his children?
According to Jewish tradition, what happened right after God rescued the Israelites from Egypt?
He gave them his commandments at Mt. Sinai
In the temple of Yahweh built by Solomon, what was the primary form of worshiped practiced?
The ritual slaughter and burning of animals
Which empire conquered Jerusalem in 586 BCE, destroyed the temple of Yahweh, and carried many Jews into Exile?
Which of the following words designates a Jewish meeting place in the Diaspora, used principally for prayer and Torah study?
Which of the following words designates the dietary practices of observant Jews?
Which of the following terms designates all the legal material in the Talmud, that is, all the rules that Jews must obey as interpreted by the rabbis?
What is the Gemara?
Rabbinic commentary and interpretation of the Mishnah
How many Talmuds were produced?
How many adult males constitutes a minyan, that is, the number of men necessary for a communal prayer service in Judaism?
Which Jewish philosopher tried to harmonize Judaism with Aristotle's philosophy?
Where did Ashkenazim Jews originate?
Which of the following figures is credited with founding the Hasidic movement?
Baal Shem Tov
A Jew from which of the following streams of Judaism would be most likely to eat a cheeseburger (a non-kosher food item due to the mixing of meat and milk)?
Which of the following was considered the messiah by many east European Jews in the 17th century?
Which Jewish holiday commemorates the rescue of the Israelites from Egypt as recorded in the book of Exodus
Which Jewish holiday commemorates Judas Maccabeus recapturing the Temple from the Seleucids and the miraculous supply of oil that God provided when the Temple was re-sanctified?
When does a Jewish boy become a "bar mitzvah"?
Which of the following is NOT true about Zionism?
It was started by a non-Jew
In which country did the Holocaust principally occur?
Which language was spoken throughout the Roman Empire in the 1st century CE (and the language by which most early Christians communicated in person and in letter, including Paul)?
The life of Jesus was recorded in which of the following?
Which of the following is most likely NOT to have happened to Jesus near the end of his life?
He was enthroned as the King of Judea by elite Jews.
Which brother of Jesus was the leader of the Jerusalem church after Peter left on mission work?
Which early Christian sacrament developed from the Jewish Passover which Jesus consumed the night he was executed?
Athanasius of Alexandria is the first Christian on record who regarded all 27 (and only these 27) books of what would become the New Testament as authoritative and sacred. Approximately when did this happen?
In the middle of the 4th century
Benedict of Nursia is an important figure in which movement?
Which Roman Emperor was the first to convert to Christianity and also made Christianity legal in his Edict of Milan?
In which text does Augustine argue that Christians were not to blame for the sack of Rome by the Goths?
City of God
Which Christian sacrament is an initiation ritual that removes past sins a person has committed prior to becoming a Christian?
Which of the following is NOT one of the differences between Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy?
Whether or not Jesus is a divine being
Which of the following was a Medieval Christian philosopher who composed the Summa Theologiae?
Which German monk is often credited with officially beginning the Protestant Reformation when he posts his 95 Theses on the door of the Wittenberg church?
Which group of Christians involved in the Protestant Reformation argued that infant baptism was unacceptable and thus one had to be baptized a second time as an adult?
Which of the following sacraments enables Catholics to be forgiven of post-baptismal sin?
Which Swiss Reformer argued that the Eucharist was not literally the body and blood of Jesus but rather a way to "remember" or memorialize his death?
Which sacrament is also known as the Last Rites?
Which of the following is a Protestant emphasis or idea?
Justification by faith alone
Which of the following did NOT result from Vatican II?
Priests were allowed to marry
Which day formally begins the Easter holiday?
To what does the term Hijra refer?
the emigration of the early Muslims to Yathrib
The collection of memories of what Muhammad (and his earliest companions) said and did is called what?
Which individual do the Shi'a believe should have succeeded the Prophet?
The sacred text in Islam which contains the revelation granted to Muhammad is called what?
What happens during the month of Ramadan?
Muslims fast during daylight hours
The Kaaba is what?
a shrine in Mecca
How many times per day do observant Sunni Muslims pray?
Which traditionalist movement in Islam (and which opposed all innovations within the religion) is prominent in Saudi Arabia?
Which of the following terms refers to the successors of the Prophet (according to the Sunnis) and literally means "representative"?
Which of the following is NOT consistent with Islamic eschatology?
Humans will become gods themselves
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