100 terms

Medical terminology review - Timmy Tran

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BPH
Beging prostatic hyperplasia
Lithotripsy
Crushing of stones
Tachycardia
Opposite of bradycardia
Fast heart rate
Bronchiectasis
Dilation of bronchioles
Astrocytoma
Tumor of neuroglia
Somatomegaly
Large body
Dia-, di-
Prefix for through
Diaphoresis
Excessive or profuse sweating
Rhinitis
Inflammation in the nose
Keratoplasty
Plastic repair of the cornea
Main part of a medical term
Root word
Medical terms come from
Greek and latin
Adrenopathy
Disease of the adrenal glands
Cephalomegaly
Large head
Nystagmus
Rapid, involuntary eye movement
Pathology
Study of diseases
Distal
Opposite of proximal
Far from
Alopecia
Loss of hair
Pyelonephritis
Inflammation of the renal pelvis and kidnay
HPV (human papilloma virus)
Causes genital warts
Arthroplasty
Plastic repair of joints
Erythropoiesis
Formation of red blood cells
Myeloma
Tumor of the bone marrow
Aortic stenosis
Narrow of the aorta
Micturition
Word for urination
Mastitis
Inflammation of breast
Cystitis
Inflammation of bladder
Adrenopathy
Any disease of gland
Pediatrician
Specialist in children's health
Cyst
Filled sac or pouch
Acculturation
Using the stethoscope to listen to heart and lungs
Myoparesis
Weakness in muscles
Bradykinesis
Slow movement
Encephalopathy
Disease of the brain
Hypercapnia
Abnormal levels of carbon dioxide in the blood
Puerperium
6weeks after giving birth
Osteoporosis
Weakening of bones
Dysuria
Painful urination
Pyoderma
Skin infection with pus
Necrosis
Less blood supply lees to death in organ tissue
Thrombosis
Blood clots
Syncope
Fainting
Matastosis
Spreading of cancer
Spondylolysis
Wearing if spinal disk due to age
Asthenia
Weakness
Pyuria
Urination with pus
Otoscope
Device used to look into the ears
Myringotomy
Same as tympanotomy
Surgical incision in the eardrum
Hysterectomy
Incision in the uterus
Epistaxis
Nosebleed
Laparoscopy
Examination of the abdomen
Anthracosis
Surgical puncture of the pleura
Orthopnea
Shortness of breath
Diplopia
Double vision
Multi-
More an once
Hypomenorrhea
Hardening of the arteries
-ology
Study of
Anterior
Opposite of posterior
Front of
Oophorectomy
Excision of ovary
Leukocyte
White blood cells
Cholecyst
Gallbladder
Monoplegia
Paralysis in one of the limbs
Conjunctivitis
Conjunctiva in the eye
Sclerosis suffix
-osis
Cryotherapy
Cold treatment
Strabismus
Deviation of the eye
Epidermis
Top layer of the skin
Prutitis
Itchiness of the skin
Cervical pysplasia
Abnormal growth of the cervical tissue
Breakdown endoscope
End/o, -scope
Hepatomegaly
Enlarged liver
Destro
Opposite of sinisto
Dys-
Painful
Cystectomy
Incision of the urinary bladder
Gravidity
Pregnant woman
Hyperhidrosis
Excessive sweating
Lipoma
Fatty tumor
Osteopenia
Deficiency in bone tissue
NPO
Nothing by mouth
Tinnitis
Ringing in the ears
Neoplasma
Uncontrolled tissue growth
Polydispsia
Excessive thirst
Ischemia
Low blood supply to organs
Rhinorrhea
Discharge from nose
Pronation
Inward roll of foot
Mon/o
Single
Cyan/o
Blue
Dyskinesia
Involuntary muscle movement
Oliguria
Decrease amount of urine
Mydriasis
Dilation of pupil
Myx/o
Muscle
Cholecystolithotripsy
Crushing of gallstones
Orchitis
Pain in testis
Hypertension
High blood pressure
Melan/o
Black
Xanth/o
Yellow
Erythr/o
Red
Dysmenorrhea
Painful menstration
Supination
Outward roll of foot
Polyphagia
Excessive hunger