53 terms

APUSH Unit 12

Chapters 34 and 35
Franklin D Roosevelt
President of the United States during the great depression, had the New Deal one and two. tried to help with relief, recovery and reform
Eleanor Roosevelt
most active First lady in history, newspaper column, giving speaches and traveling the country advocating for social justice
Frances Perkins
first woman ever appointed to the United States Cabinet
Father Coughlin
catholic priest, did radio broadcasts and created the National Union for Social Justice
Huey Long
the "Kingfish" of demagouges who was against the new deal he promoted "share our wealth" and that there should be a minimum income of 5 thousand dollars for every family
Francis Townsend
Believed there should be a 2 percent federal tax to fun 200 dollars a month for retired people over 60 years old, prompted FDR to make the Social Service Act
John L. Lewis
Helped found the C.I.O. the Congress of Industrial Organizations
Alfred M. Landon
republican nominee for the presidency in 1936, lost to FDR
work relief programs under the WPA, a politically motivated, trivial, wasteful or impractical government project funded with the intent to gain political favor
New Deal
FDR's economic policies to try and get the US out of the Great Depression
Hundred Days
first hundred days that FDR was in office he held a session of congress where they passed many legislation and laws such as WPA, AAA, CCC and NRA
The "three R's"
relief for people unemployed, recovery for businesses and the economy as a whole, and reform of economic institutions
Civilian Conservation Corps
The CCC, reduced poverty ad unemployment, helped young men and families, found jobs in construction
Works Progress Administration
WPA, provided jobs and income to the unemployed, built public buildings, roads and operated a large art project
national Recovery Act
new deal legislation, worked with unemployment and regulation of unfair business ethics
Schechter Case
said congress could not delegate legislative powers to the executive
Public Works Administration
1935, industrial recovery and unemployment relief, headed by secretary of interior Harold I. Ickes. tried to create jobs
Agricultural Adjustment Act
AAA, restricted crop production to try and raise the price of agriculture
Dust Bowl
A big drought through the early 1930s in which winds blew away dried top soil from farms causing huge amounts of dust to accumulate in the south on farms, ruining crops and farmland
Tennessee Valley Authority
relief, recovery and reform effort, gave 2.5 million citizens jobs and land, gave cheap electric power
Federal Housing Authority
provide low cost housing for the poor, gave small loans to house holders to improve their homes and help to provide competition for new ones
Social Security Act
created a federal tax on employees and employers to provide retirement money for people over the age of 65 and also to provide money for unemployment and disability
Congress of Industrial Organizations
union of unskilled workers, broke away from the American Federation of Labor and became their main competitor
Liberty League
conservative group against the new deal, said it made the US government too strong and interfered with businesses
Roosevelt coalition
kept the democratic party in power, the new deal, labor unions, minority groups
Twentieth and Twenty-first amendments
reduced the period between electino and inauguration, repealed prohibition
Court-packing scheme
FDR wanted to make it so that he could increase the number of justices in the supreme court by adding in more democrats, but everyone thought that was against constitutionality and that it was against checks and balances
Cordell Hull
founder of the United Nations, US diplomat
Joseph Stalin
russian leader who came after Lenin, head of communist party and created a totalitarian state in the Soviet Union
Benito Mussolini
fascist dictator in Italy, joined Germany during WWII in the axis pact
Adolf Hitler
leader of the nazi party, dictator of Germany, against jewish, socialist, democratic, and liberal forces
Francisco Franco
spanish general who took control of spain in 1939 and became dictator
Winston Churchill
British Statesman who led Britain throughout WWII
Charles Lindbergh
US aviator who flew across the Atlantic Ocean
Wendell Willkie
opposition to utilities companies from the Tennessee Valley Authority
mutual exchange of privileges
form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator
the idea that the United States wanted to stay out of the conflict going on in Europe and Asia
London Economic Conference
1933 66 nations met and tried to make a worldwide solution to the great depression
Good Neighbor policy
FDR's policy in which the US decided that the would not intervene with international affairs of Latin American Countries
Nazi Party
political party of Germany brought to power by Hitler in 1933, became the instrument of his absolute rule
Rome-Berlin axis
alliance between Italy and Germany
"Merchants of Death"
the people that the isolationist believed caused the US to go to war in WWI
Neutrality Acts
designed to avoid American involvement in WWII by preventing loans to any country involved in the war
Spanish Civil War
civil war in spain in which general Franco overthrew the government of the republic
China Incident
Japan invaded China, America watched it happen and did nothing because of its neutrality
Hitler-Stalin nonaggression pact
gave Germany permission to wage war on poland, meant that Germany and the Soviet Union were in an agreement of neutrality
policy of the US that tried to keep itself neutral while aiding the allies, Britain and France could buy goods from the US if they paid in full and transported them themselves
"phony war'
British and French did not aid poland
Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies
internationalist formed, could avoid war by aiding the allies with supplies and money to win the war
America First Committee
isolationists formed, to spare American lives and stay out of the conflict
America can sell, lend, or lease arms or other supplies to a nation who is considered vital to the defense of America
Atlantic Charter
pledge that was signed in 1941 by FDR and Churchill saying not to aquire new territory from the war and to work out peace after it