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small particles that make up matter.


positive charge.


negative charge.


method of charging that rearrange charges in an object without direct contact.


uses temperature difference in wires to convert thermal energy into electrical energy.


method of charging that occurs by wiping on object on another object-like the balloon on your hair.


materials that allow charges to move easily.

electric field

the region around a charged object where a force is exerted on other objects.


unit of measure for current.

electric force

force that exists between two charged object.


generates electrical energy from chemical energy.

circuit breaker

switch that automatically opens if the current is too high.

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