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Unit 16 World War II (U.S.)
Terms in this set (44)
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
Nazi leader of fascist Germany from 1933 to his suicide in 1945; created a strongly centralized state in Germany; eliminated all rivals; launched Germany on aggressive foreign policy leading to World War II; responsible for attempted genocide of European Jews.
Against Jewish people
practice of giving in to aggression in order to avoid war
a set of basic beliefs about life, culture, government, and society
fight a quick and surprising war
In World War II, the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed an alliance in 1936.
alliance of US, Great Britain, France, Russia during WWIII
prime minister of great britain during WWII
Approve by Congress in March 1941; The act allowed America to sell, lend or lease arms or other supplies to nations considered "vital to the defense of the United States."
1941-Pledge signed by US president FDR and British prime minister Winston Churchill not to acquire new territory as a result of WWII and to work for peace after the war
examine and judge carefully
Prime minister of Japan during World War II
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
to set apart or designate for a special purpose; to distribute
smallest in amount, least possible
United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany
giving up to an enemy without any demands or requests
The dropping of a large concentration of bombs over a certain area
all black unit of fighter pilots. trained in Tuskegee Alabama. won many awards for bravery and never lost a single pilot
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.
Last, final; most important or extreme; eventual; basic, fundamental
(n) the force or speed with which something moves
Wartime agreement between the United States and Mexico to import farm workers to meet a perceived manpower shortage; the agreement was in effect from 1941 to 1947.
the act of confining someone in a prison (or as if in a prison)
Restricting the amount of food and other goods people may buy during wartime to assure adequate supplies for the military
bring up a topic for discussion
to include or contain; to be made up of
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
Harry S. Truman
The 33rd U.S. president, who succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt upon Roosevelt's death in April 1945. Truman, who led the country through the last few months of World War II, is best known for making the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in August 1945. After the war, Truman was crucial in the implementation of the Marshall Plan, which greatly accelerated Western Europe's economic recovery.
stragety of Allies in World War 2 of capturing some Japanese-held islands and going around others
a fighter plane used for suicide missions by Japanese pilots in World War II
code name for the secret United States project set up in 1942 to develop atomic bombs for use in World War II
a sequence of events that is imagined, assumed, or suggested
the thing of most importance
the Nazi program of exterminating Jews under Hitler
systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
determined by chance or whim rather than by reason or necessity
a rule or condition that limits freedom
FDR, Churchill and Stalin met at Yalta. Russia agreed to declare war on Japan after the surrender of Germany and in return FDR and Churchill promised the USSR concession in Manchuria and the territories that it had lost in the Russo-Japanese War
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
an agreement concerning the treatment of prisoners of war
Trials of the Nazi leaders, showed that people are responsible for their actions, even in wartime
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