21 terms

Quarter Two Terms

STUDY
PLAY
Great Compromise
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature (Senate) and representation based on population in the other house (House of Representatives)
Democracy
A political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
Articles of Confederation
First governing document of US - created a WEAK central government; issues with trade - different currencies in each state, tariffs on goods traded between states
Federalist
Supporters of the Constitution that were led by Alexander Hamilton and John Adams. They firmly believed the national government should be strong. They didn't want the Bill of Rights because they felt citizens' rights were already well protected by the Constitution.
Anti-Federalist
A group who opposed the ratification of the Constitution in 1787. They opposed a strong central government (tyranny) and supported states' rights.
Alexander Hamilton
emerged as the leader of the Federalist Party; favored stronger central government over states' rights
Thomas Jefferson
Signed the Louisiana Purchase; served as 3rd US president; Anti-Federalist who favored states' rights over national government control
Federalism
A system in which power is divided between the national and state governments
Constitution
A document which spells out the principles by which a government runs and the fundamental laws that govern a society; the rule of law for the United States
Trail of Tears
forced march made by the Cherokee from their homeland in Georgia to Indian Territory; resulted in the deaths of almost one-fourth of the Cherokee people
Popular sovereignty
The idea that political power belongs to the people
Republicanism
A philosophy of limited government with elected representatives serving at the will of the people. The government is based on consent of the governed.
Limited government
In this type of government everyone, including all authority figures, must obey laws. Constitutions, statements of rights, or other laws define the limits of those in power so they cannot take advantage of the elected, appointed, or inherited positions.
Individual rights
Basic liberties and rights of all citizens are guaranteed in the Bill of Rights.
Bill of Rights
A formal statement of the fundamental rights of the people of the United States, incorporated in the Constitution as Amendments 1-10, and in all state constitutions.
Missouri Compromise
A series of agreements passed by Congress in 1820-1821 to maintain the balance of power between slave states and free states
Three-Fifths Compromise
Agreement that each slave counted as three-fifths of a person in determining representation in the House for representation and taxation purposes (negated by the 13th amendment)
Louisiana Purchase
U.S. acquisition of the Louisiana territory from France in 1803 for $15 million. The purchase secured American control of the Mississippi river and doubled the size of the nation.
Monroe Doctrine
A statement of foreign policy which proclaimed that Europe should not interfere in affairs within the United States or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere.
Indian Removal Act
Passed in 1830, authorized Andrew Jackson to negotiate land-exchange treaties with tribes living east of the Mississippi. Paved the way for the forced emigration of tens of thousands of American Indians to the West.
Andrew Jackson
As president he was responsible for the Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears