24 terms

Unit 1: Historical Thinking Skills

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Terms in this set (...)

history
An account of the past
primary source
A source created during the time period being discussed and offers firsthand information.
secondary source
A source created after the time period being discussed and provides secondhand information.
prejudice
A predetermined opinion that is NOT based on careful reasoning, evidence, or actual experience
point of view
A particular attitude or way of considering a matter; perspective
bias
An opinion in favor of or against something, usually in a way considered to be unfair
sourcing
Discovering more about an author, such as her point of view, biases, and trustworthiness
close reading
Analyzing an author's main points
contextualizing
Imagining the time period in which a document was created
cross checking
Evaluating a document's trustworthiness by comparing it to different documents
evidence
Information taken directly from a document
inference
A conclusion that is made based on known facts, evidence, and reasoning.
argument
A conclusion reached based on evidence and inferences
analyzing
To examine in details and closely study.
claim
An argument, position, or point of view about a topic. It must be supported by evidence.
pattern
Characteristics, traits, or qualities that are consistently repeated. One can be found by comparing sources to find out what is in common.
artifact
A man made, physical object that tells us about the past.
historical causation
Involves the ability to identify, analyze, and evaluated the relationships among many historical events
comparison
Involves the ability to describe, compare, contrast, and evaluate two or more historical developments in the same era or from different periods
interpretation
Involves the ability to describe, analyze, and evaluate diverse interpretations of historical sources
context
Background information that help understand the event, statement, or idea completely
significance
The ultimate meaning or the reason why an author wrote a text or talk about a specific event
author's purpose
An author's purpose is the reason an author decides to write a text on a specific topic.
audience
The intended readers or spectators of a text, or event
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