278 terms

AP Latin Review: Vocabulary Used 2x

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unde
from where, from which source
laedō, laedere, laesī, laesus
to strike, hurt, offend, thwart
currus, -ūs, m.
chariot, car
sinō, sinere, sīvī, situs
to permit, allow; desert
ōlim
(at) some time, once
vetus, veteris
old, aged, ancient, former
excīdō, -cīdere, -cīdī, -cīsus
to cut out, destroy; fall from, perish
spernō, spernere, sprēvī, sprētus
to scorn, reject, despise
reliquiae, -ārum OR relliquiae, -ārum, f. pl.
remnants, relics, leavings, rest, leftovers
sal, salis, n./m.
salt (water), sea
submergō/summergō, -mergere, -mersī, -mersus
to sink, drown
iaculor, iaculārī, iaculātus
to hurl, throw, fling
ratis, -is, f.
raft, ship, boat
incēdō, -cēdere, -cessī, -cessus
to walk, walk proudly, stride, march, go, go majestically
Auster, Austrī, m.
south wind
fētus, -a, -um
teeming, pregnant, filled
luctor, luctārī, luctātus
to struggle, wrestle
carcer, carceris, m.
prison, enclosure
frēnō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to curb, check, restrain
celsus, -a, -um
high, lofty, towering
verrō, verrere, verrī, versus
to sweep (over)
abdō, abdere, abdidī, abditus
to hide, put away, bury
spelunca, -ae, f.
cave, cavern, grotto
īnsuper
above, besides
foedus, foederis, n.
treaty, agreement, pact
dīversus, -a, -um
scattered, various, separated, different, diverse
prōlēs, -is, f.
progeny, offspring
capessō, capessere, capessīvī, capessītus
to take, undertake, perform, try to seize, reach
cavus, -a, -um
hollow, vaulted
cuspis, cuspidis, f.
point, spearpoint; by meton., spear, lance
velut / velutī
as, even as, just as
incubō, -cubāre, -cubuī, -cubitus OR -cubāvī, -cubātus
to recline, lie upon, brood over (+dat.)
procella, -ae, f.
blast, gale, gust
extemplō
immediately, at once, suddenly, straightaway
frigus, frigoris, n.
cold, frost, chill
ingemō, -gemere, -gemuī
to groan, roar, lament
iaceō, iacēre, iacuī, iacitus
to lie, lie low, lie outspread
feriō, ferīre
to strike, smite, beat, kill
pendeō, pendēre, pependī
to hang, depend
excutiō, -cutere, -cussī, -cussus
to cast out, shake off
validus, -a, -um
strong, mighty, sturdy
compāgēs, -is, f.
joint, seam, fastening
compōnō, -pōnere, -posuī, -positus/-postus
to compose, construct, calm, quiet, put together, settle
aula, -ae, f.
hall, palace, court
colligō, -ligere, -lēgī, -lēctus
to collect, gather
fugō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to put to flight, cause to flee, rout
adnītor, -nītī, -nīsus/-nixus
to lean against, lean on, struggle, strive
ministrō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to tend, serve, supply
sileō, silēre, siluī
to be silent, be still
lōrum, -ī, n.
thong, leather strap, rein
sinus, -ūs, m.
fold, bosom, bay, hollow, gulf
minor, -ārī, -ātus
to tower (over); threaten (+dat.)
rūpēs, -is, f.
rock, cliff, crag
scaena, -ae, f.
stage, background
immineō, -minēre
to menace, hang over, threaten (+dat.)
frōns, frontis, f.
front, forehead, brow, face
morsus, -ūs, m.
bite, biting, jaws, fangs
potior, -īrī, -ītus
to possess, gain (+abl. or gen.)
excūdō, -cūdere, -cūdī, -cūsus
to hammer out, fashion
silex, silicis, m./f.
flint, rock, crag
folium, -ī, n.
leaf, foliage
frūx, frūgis, f.
fruit, grain
cornū, -ūs, n.
horn, tip, end
fundō, fundere, fūdī, fūsus
to pour (out), shed; lay low, slay, rout; extend
humus, -ī, f. [loc., humī]
ground, soil, earth
abeō, abīre, abiī/abīvī, abitus
to go away, depart
sonō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to (re)sound, roar
ostendō, ostendere, ostendī, ostentus
to show, display, promise
māgālia, -ium, n. pl.
huts, hovels
locō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to place, locate, establish, lay
exerceō, -ercēre, -ercuī, -ercitus
to drive, exercise, perform, be busy, train
stīpō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to stuff, crowd, throng, stow
pecus, pecudis, f.
animal (of the flock)
saepiō, saepīre, saepsī, saeptus
to hedge in, enclose
haereō, haerēre, haesī, haesus
to stick, stick to, cling, cling to (+dat.)
caterva, -ae, f.
band, troop, crowd
glomerō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to roll together, gather, collect
resīdō, -sīdere, -sēdī
to sit down
solium, -ī, n.
throne, seat
obstipēscō, -stipēscere, -stipuī
to be dazed, stand agape
turbō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to throw into confusion, agitate, confuse, shake, disturb
amiciō, amicīre, amicuī / amixī, amicitus
to enfold, wrap
salum, -ī, n.
sea, swell (of the sea)
cieō, ciēre, cīvī, citus
to rouse, arouse, stir, stir up
adhūc
to this point, till now
aptō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to equip, make ready, furnish
restō, -stāre, -stitī
to remain, be left
incendium, -ī, n.
a burning, fire, blaze, conflagration
auxilium, -ī, n.
aid, help, assistance
cōnsīdō, -sīdere, -sēdī, -sessus
to sit, sit down, settle
statuō, statuere, statuī, statūtus
to set (up), found, establish
adsum, adesse
to be present, assist (+dat.)
aliquis, aliqua, aliquid/aliquod
some, any; someone, anyone
hasta, -ae, f.
spear, lance, dart
uterus, -ī, m.
belly, womb
taurus, -ī, m.
bull, ox, bullock
orbis, -is, m.
circle, fold, coil, orb, revolution, earth
sufficiō, -ficere, -fēcī, -fectus
to supply, suffuse; be sufficient
lingua, -ae, f.
tongue, language
exsanguis, -is, -e
bloodless, lifeless, pale
cervīx, cervīcis, f.
neck
nōdus, -ī, m.
knot, node; fold, coil
vitta, -ae, f.
fillet, garland, band
dēlūbrum, -ī, n.
shrine, temple, sanctuary
lāpsus, -ūs, m.
gliding, rolling, sinking
pandō, pandere, pandī, passus
to spread, open, loosen
accingō, -cingere, -cīnxī, -cīnctus
to gird, gird on, equip
subiciō, -icere, -iēcī, -iectus
to place under (+dat.), vanquish
innūptus, -a, -um
unmarried, virgin
gaudeō, guadēre, gāvisus sum (semideponent)
to rejoice, exult
sacrō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to hallow, consecrate, dedicate
umquam
ever, at any time
incipiō, -cipere, -cēpī, -ceptus
to begin, undertake
incolumis, -is, -e
safe, unharmed, intact
coniugium, -ī, n.
wedlock; husband, wife, marriage
amnis, -is, m.
river, stream, torrent
nūbila, -ōrum, n. pl.
clouds, cloudiness
vigil, vigīlis, m./f.
guard, watchman, sentinel; adj., wakeful, watchful, sleepless
serō, serere, sēvī, satus
to sow, beget, father (a child)
lātus, -a, -um
broad, wide, spacious
āmēns, āmentis
mad, crazy, frenzied, insane, distracted
an
or, whether
mentum, -ī, n.
chin, beard
ut prīmum
as soon as
tenuis, -is, -e
slight, thin, fine, delicate
struō, struere, strūxī, strūctus
to build, plan, contrive
adfātus, -ūs, m.
address, speech
quandō
when, since, if ever, because
rumpō, rumpere, rūpī, ruptus
to break, burst (forth), utter
mollis, -is, -e
soft, yielding, easy, mild, tender
fallō, fallere, fefellī, falsus
to deceive, cheat, mock, beguile, escape the notice (of)
inops, inopis (adj.)
needy, destitute, bereft (of)
bacchor, -ārī, -ātus
to rush wildly, rave, rage
lābor, lābī, lāpsus
to slip (by), slide, glide (by), descend; fail; faint, fall, perish; flow
turbidus, -a, -um
troubled, agitated
spargō, spargere, sparsī, sparsus
to scatter, sprinkle
germāna, -ae, f.
sister
rogus, -ī, m. OR rogum, -ī, n.
funeral pyre
ēvādō, -vādere, -vāsī, -vāsus
to go forth, go forth from, escape, pass over, traverse
gradus, -ūs, m.
step, gait, pace, stride
vestis, -is, f.
garment, cloth(ing), robe
secō, -āre, secuī, sectus
to cut, slice, cleave
portitor, -ōris, m.
ferryman
cumba, -ae, f.
skiff, boat
nāvita, -ae, m.
sailor, boatman
palūs, palūdis, f.
swamp, marsh
iūrō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to take an oath, swear, conspire
sepeliō, -pelīre, -pelīvī/-peliī, -pultus
to bury, inter
fluvius, -ī, m.
river, stream
inde
thence, afterward, thereupon
rāmus, -ī, m.
branch, bough, limb
obiciō, -icere, -iēcī, -iectus
to present, place before
fulgeō, fulgēre, fulsī OR fulgō, fulgere, fulsī
to shine, flash, gleam, glitter
cultus, -ūs, m.
cultivation, civilization; mode of life, lifestyle; dress; religious worship
occāsus, -ūs, m.
falling down, setting; with sōlis, sunset; the west
Iūra, -ae, m.
the Jura mountains (which stretched from the Rhine to the Rhone, separating the Helvetians from the Sequani)
vagor, vagārī, vagātus
to wander, roam, rove
adficiō, -ficere, -fēcī, -fectus
to affect, inspire; magnō dolōre afficere, to annoy greatly
cupidus, -a, -um
eager, desirous, zealous, fond
carrus, -ī, m.
cart, wagon
lēgātiō, -iōnis, f.
embassy, legation; commission
plēbs, plēbis OR plēbēs, plēbēī, f.
populace, common people
prīncipātus, -ūs, m.
chief place or position; chief authority, leadership
iūs iūrandum, iūris iūrandī, n.
an oath
cremō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to burn
oportet, oportēre, oportuit
(impers.) it is necessary, needful, becoming, proper; when translated as a personal verb: must, ought
condūcō, -dūcere, -dūxī, -ductus
to lead or bring together, assemble, conduct; hire
quadrigentī, -ae, -a
four hundred
vīcus, -ī, m.
village, hamlet
incendō, -cendere, -cendī, -cēnsus
to set fire to, burn; inflame, excite
praeter
(+acc.) before; beyond, past; contrary to; in addition to, except, besides
socius, -a, -um
allied, associated, friendly; m. subst., companion, ally
vix
with difficulty, barely, hardly
pōns, pontis, m.
bridge
mātūrō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to hasten, speed; ripen
maleficium, -ī, n.
evil doing, mischief, harm, injury
pellō, pellere, pepulī, pulsus
to beat, defeat, rout; drive out, expel
iugum, -ī, n.
yoke, (mountain) ridge, crest
revertō, -vertere, -vertī, -versus OR revertor, -vertī, -versus
to turn back, come back, return
onus, oneris, n.
load, burden
flūctus, -ūs, m.
flood, billow, wave
membrum, -ī, n.
limb
speciēs, -eī, f.
sight, appearance
sagitta, -ae, f.
arrow
prōpellō, -pellere, -pulī, -pulsus
to drive forward, put to flight, rout; dislodge, drive back
admittō, -mittere, -mīsī, -missus
to admit; commit; incur
īnsistō, -sistere, -stitī
to stand upon; stand firm, take a stand
occurrō, -currere, -currī, -cursus
meet, happen upon
singulāris, -is, -e
one at a time, one by one; single, alone; singular, remarkable, extraordinary
polliceor, -ērī, -itus
to hold forth, offer, promise, pledge
queror, querī, questus
to complain, bewail, lament
commendō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to entrust, surrender
coorior, -orīrī, -ortus
to arise, spring up, break out
adflīgō, -flīgere, -flīxī, -flīctus
to strike against; overthrow; damage, injure
cōnstō, -stāre, -stitī, -stātus
impersonal: it is agreed, certain, evident, or known
clam
secretly
ēventus, -ūs, m.
outcome, issue, result, consequence
commodē
conveniently; readily, easily, fitly; satis commode: to great advantage, very easily
interpōnō, -pōnere, -posuī, -positus
to place between, interpose; allege; cause; fidem interpōnere, to pledge
ventitō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to keep coming, resort; go back and forth, visit
succēdō, -cēdere, -cessī, -cessus
to go or come under; come up to, come up, advance, be next to; succeed, take the place of; succeed, prosper
citō
quickly, soon; comp., citius; superl. citissimē
praedicō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to proclaim publicly or before others; declare, report, tell of
concilium, -ī, n.
assembly, gathering, council
aliter
otherwise, differently; aliter . . . ac, otherwise . . . than
praeficiō, -ficere, -fēcī, -fectus
to make before, place over, put in command of, put at the head of, place in charge of
cōnscrībō, -scrībere, -scrīpsī, -scrīptus
to levy, enroll, enlist; write
praesum, -esse, -fuī
to be before or over, be in command of, rule over, be at the head of; praesēns (pres. pple.), present, in person; for the present
palam (adv.)
openly, publically
concitō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to stir up, rouse, instigate, incite
dēsperō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to despair, be hopeless, lack confidence; dēspērātus (pple.): desparied of; (pple. as adj.): desperate
minuō, minuere, minuī, minūtus
to lessen, impair, diminish; settle
beneficium, -ī, n.
benefit, favor, kindness, good deed
cōnfiteor, -fitērī, -fessus
to confess, acknowledge, reveal
pendō, pendere, pependī, pēnsus
to weigh, weigh out; weight out (money), pay, pay out; with poenās, suffer
praesertim (adv.)
particularly, especially
quoniam (conj.)
since, because
bīduum, -ī, n.
space or period of two days
priusquam OR prius . . . quam
before, earlier than
grātia, -ae, f.
favor, goodwill, gratitude, esteem, influence, popularity
tot (indecl.)
so many
quārē / quā rē
(1) why? for what reason? (2) on this account, therefore
īnsidiae, -ārum, f. pl.
snare, ambush, treachery
dēmum (adv.)
at length, at last, finally
negōtium, -ī, n.
concern, business, undertaking; trouble difficulty, labor
properō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to hasten, hurry
cēdō, cēdere, cessī, cessus
to go, go away; give way, yield, retreat
noceō, nocēre, nocuī, nocitus
to hard, injure, hurt; nocēns (pple. as subst.), guilty
observō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to observe, mark, watch; regard, obey; celebrate
praeceptum, -ī, n.
instruction, injunction, command
sīn (conj.)
if however, but if
incommodum, -ī, n.
inconvenience, disadvantage, trouble; disaster, defeat, loss, injury
traiciō, -icere, -iēcī, -iectus
to hurl across; pierce, transfix
subveniō, -venīre, -vēnī, -ventus
to come or go to help, aid, succor
saucius, -a, -um
wounded, hurt
abiciō, -icere, -iēcī, -iectus
to throw away or down, hurl
posterus, -a, -um
after, following, next; pl. subst., posterity
adiūtor, -tōris, m.
helper, assistant, abettor
perferō, -ferre, -tulī, -lātus
to bear or carry through, convey, deliver; announce, report; submit to, endure, suffer
nōnnūllus, -a, -um
some, several
incipiō, -cipere, -cēpī, -ceptus
to undertake; begin, commence
concurrō, -currere, -cursī, -cursus
to run or rush together; hurry, run, rush; run to the rescue; come, gather
intercipiō, -cipere, -cēpī, -ceptus
to take or catch between (one point and another); interrupt; intercept; cut off
admodum
very much, very; (with numbers) fully; (with negative) at all
fossa, -ae, f.
trench, ditch
quiēs, quiētis, f.
quiet, rest, repose
pīlum, -ī, n.
heavy javelin, pike
praesidium, -ī, n.
guard, garrison; safeguard, protection; fortification, stronghold; help, aid; safety
recūsō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to refuse, decline, object, complain
incolumis, -is, -e
unhurt, uninjured, safe and sound, unimpaired
metus, -ūs, m.
fear, anxiety, dread, fright
cingō, cingere, cīnxī, cīnctus
to encircle, surround, gird
iaculum, -ī, n.
javelin, spear, dart
ferveō, fervēre, ferbuī OR fervō, fervere, fervī
to glow, boil; be busy; pres. act. pple., heated, glowing, hot
sīcut OR sīcutī (adv.)
so as, just as, just as if
pariō, parere, peperī, partus
to bring forth; gain, acquire, win
torreō, torrēre, torruī, tostus
to scorch, burn, parch, roast
succendō, -cendere, -cendī, -cēnsus
to set on fire below, kindle, burn
iūdicō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to pass judgement on, judge, sentence, decide, determine, think, consider
exanimō, -āre, -āvī, -ātus
to deprive of breath, render breathless, exhaust; kill
verūtum, -ī, n.
dart, spear, javelin
ambō, -ae, -ō
both
cōnspectus, -ūs, m.
sight, view; presence
cruciātus, -ūs, m.
torture
caedēs, -is, f.
slaughter, massacre, murder
cōnspicor, -ārī, -ātus
to observe, discern, perceive
facinus, facinoris, n.
deed; misdeed, outrage, crime
interdīcō, -dīcere, -dīxī, -dictus
to prohibit, exclude, forbid, interdict; aquā atque ignī interdīcere: forbid the use of fire and water; exile, banish
discō, discere, didicī
to learn, be taught
mīlitia, -ae, f.
military service, warfare
propinquus, -a, -um
near, neighboring, close at hand; pl. subst., relatives
iuventūs, -tūtis, f.
youth, (group of) young men
morbus, -ī, m.
illness, sickness, disease
noxia, -ae, f.
crime, offense
aetās, -tātis, f.
age, time; time of life
dōs, dōtis, f.
a marriage present, dowry
frūctus, -ūs, m.
fruit; profit, reward
fūnus, fūneris, n.
funeral