7th Grade Social Studies Cumulative Test (all units)
Terms in this set (45)
Why has the Sahel expanded?
over-grazing and deforestation
What is a tariff?
a tax placed on imported goods
What does OPEC do that makes them powerful in the world economy?
it controls both the supply and price of the world's oil
What contributes to air pollution in China's large cities?
burning coal, growing populations, large number of cars on the road
Describe the rate of infection of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa.
infection rates are very high; little funding for treatment
What is the biggest threat to African rainforests?
What is a quota?
a limit to the number of foreign-produced goods
Describes religion among Arabs. What religion(s) are followed.
Most are Muslim but some follow other religions
Describe the populations of SE Asia.
very large populations; people have to deal with high levels of water & air pollution; people settle along rivers and near the sea;
In 1933, Mao and his followers did THIS to maintain the future of the Chinese Communist party.
the Long March
Why do some governments in Africa ignore industrial water pollution in major rivers?
they want industries to be profitable
What is an embargo?
a formal halt (stop) to trade with another country
What main belief makes Judaism different from others in the ancient world?
worship of a single god instead of many gods (monotheism)
Name the Hindu sacred text.
Which leader used the Cultural Revolution to control his country and end opposition?
What is an ethnic group?
people who share a culture, national origin, or religion
Define human capital.
skills and education workers have
What are the Five Pillars? (purpose not a list of each pillar)
the five basic obligations that Muslims are supposed to do
Bangladesh is in the region of SE Asia. What is their biggest concern in terms of climate?
storm surges and flooding due to monsoon rains
Describe the outcome of Tiananmen Square in Beijing in 1989.
many were attacked and killed or arrested by Chinese troops
Who holds the power in a unitary government?
What is a characteristic corresponds with a high gross domestic product (GDP)?
high standard of living
Which is a Southwest Asian (Middle East) country that is an autocracy? Choices: Israel, Saudi Arabia, Iraq, Turkey
What is reincarnation?
belief that a soul returns in another form after death
For what reason did the Unites States go to war with Iraq in 2003?
US saw Hussein(Iraq's leader) as a threat/had weapons (WMDs)
Which branch of government makes and carries out laws in a parliamentary system for government?
What are capital resources?
factories and machinery used to make goods
Israel makes up for its lack of natural resources by better developing what industry?
technology; developing a strong technology sector of their economy
What is the caste system?
division of a society into classes based on hereditary
This country is known for its history of the apartheid.
When new boundaries were created in Africa after WWII, what problems did it cause?
boundaries ignored where different cultural groups lived
This industry of Saudi Arabia is mostly controlled by the government--command economy. CHOICES: oil, agriculture, textiles, technology
This is the Buddhist teaching for how followers should live.
the Middle Way
Who is considered more important in a command economy?
Nelson Mandela's election for president in 1994 was significant because...
he was the first black president of South Africa
hatred of Jews because they practice Judaism
What kind of government does Japan have?
Why are most economies considered mixed?
most countries have aspects of all 3 economic types
Why are technologies like desalinization or drip irrigation not used more often in the SW Asia?
they are expensive
What is zionism?
movement to return Jews to their homeland in the Middle East
What was the main goal of the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution?
improve the economy
Why is specialization valuable?
it allows people to be more efficient in their jobs
Which SW Asia (Middle East) countries have the largest oil deposits? CHOICES: 1. Iran and Kuwait 2. Turkey and Oman 3. Saudi Arabia and Iraq 4. Israel and Jordan
3. Saudi Arabia and Iraq
Why did the U.N. stop Iraq from taking over Kuwait in 1990?
the economies on many member countries depended on their oil
In what way do political conflicts sometimes lead to famine?
conflicts disrupt farming so little food is produced