ch 9,10

Organic chemistry is the study of?
carbon compounds
which of the following is not a reason for the great number of carbon compounds?
carbon can exhibit many oxidation numbers
a saturated hydrocarbon is one that?
contains only carbon-carbon single bonds
which of the following formulas represents an alkane
successive members of the alkane series differ from the preceding member by one additional
c atom and 2h atom
the members of the alkane series are similar in that each member has the same
general formula
isomers are compounds that have the same
number and kind of atoms in a molecule but different structures
the formula for nonacontane, a 90 carbon alkane is
as the molecular mass of the members of the alkane series increases their boiling points?
for which of the following hydrocarbon molecular formulas is there more than one possible structural formula?
hydrocarbons that have rings of carbon atoms are called
cyclic hydrocarbons
a cyclic compound with 6 carbon atoms and 12 hydrocarbons is
which of the following is an alkene
an alkene has
a carbon-carbon double bond
the hydrocarbon family that feature molecules with a triple bound is
addition reaction occur in alkenes rather than in alkanes because alkenes have
double bonds
then general formula for the alkyne series is
the molecular formula for benzene is
which compound is aromatic hydrocarbon
which organic molecule is represented as a hybrid of two structures
naphthalene is an
aromatic hydrocarbon
the reaction of the benzene ring reflects
the spreading of 6 electrons over all 6 carbon atoms
the compound ch3cl is named
methyl chloride
the compound cf2cl2 is
which of the following is an isomer of 2- chloropropane
the formula ch3ch2 represents
an alkyl group
how many carbon atoms are there in an ethyl group
the formula ch3ch2ch2 represents
propyl group
which type of reaction produces ethanol as one of the main products
the isomer 1-propanol and 2-propanol have a different
location of the functional group
which of the following compounds could be represented by the general formula ROH
which of the following alcohols have molecule with more than one hydroxyl group
a formula that has a hydroxyl OH group attached to a benzene ring represents
an important use of phenol is
the general formula R-O-R represents an
the formula CH3CH2OCH2CH3
diethyl ether
the aldehyde functional group has has a carbonyl group attached to
a H atom
the ketone functional group has a carbonyl group attached to
two other C atoms
the general formula R-CO-R represents
a name for CH3COCH2CH3 is
ethyl methyl ketone
oxidation for what alcohol produces formaldehyde
oxidation for what alcohol produces acetone
which of the following structures represents a carboxylic acid
which of the following represents the functional group of a carboxylic acid
the carboxylic acid that has a -COOH group attached to a benzene ring is
benzoic acid
the general formula for an ester is
the compound CH3COOOCH2 is an
when an alcohol reacts with the carboxylic acid the product formed is
the amide functional group has a carbonyl group attached to
a N atom
a cyclic organic compound that contains at least one atom that is not a carbon atom is called
heterocyclic compound
a basic organic cyclic compound that contains at least one nitrogen atom and that occurs in many plants is called
a long chain protein molecule is an example of an
which is not a polymer
the first semisynthetic polymer was actually made from a natural polymer which was
celluloid, based on cellulose from cotton
the first truly synthetic polymer was
bakelite made from phenol and formaldehyde
when addition polymers form, the monomer units are joined by
new bonds formed by electrons from the double bond
compared to LDPE, HDPE has a higher melting point because
has fewer branches in the chains allowing the molecules to pack more closely
which of the following is not a common use of polyethylene
nonstick coatings for pans
a copolymer is made
from two different monomers
a polymer that can be melted and reshaped before hardening again when cooled is said to be
which class of organic compounds serve as the starting molecules for many polymers
which of the following molecules could not be used as the monomer for an addition polymer
a buckyball is
a carbon molecule (C60)
natural rubber is a polymer of
vulcanization of natural rubber is
cross links the rubber, making it harder and tougher
charles goodyear discovered that natural rubber could be cross linked by heating it with
styrene-butadiene rubber is an example of
polymers, usually elastomers, are used in paints as the
in a condensation polymerization the two products formed are a polymer and
thermosetting polymers
cannot be melted and re molded
the backbone of a silicone polymer chain is composed of repeating units of
the glass transition of a polymer is the tempature
below which the polymer becomes glassy and brittle
crystaline polymers
used as fibers
in general the best was to dispose of plastic is
a plasticizer acts as
lowering the glass transition temp
many flame retardant fabrics incorporate
Br an Cl atoms
most synthetic polymers are made from
petroleum and natural gas
a polymer made from renewable resources is
acid polylactic