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Grade 11 U.S. History Chapter 23 Study Guide
Terms in this set (25)
Who was Cesar Chavez? What did he do?
Farm worker, labor leader and civil rights activist who helped form the National Farm Workers Association (later the United Farm Workers). He helped to improve conditions for migrant farm workers and unionize them.
What event is most responsible for Chavez's group gaining negotiation power?
National boycott of grapes.
What was Viva la Raza?
A saying denoting Mexican ethnic or racial pride.
What did the Indian Education Act do for Native Americans?
It provided federal assistance in education over and above the limited funds appropriated annually for Indian education programs in the Office of Education, Department of Health, Education and Welfare and the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Department of the Interior, to help close the gap that exists between Indian education and the general education level of the United States.
What was the feminist movement?
The movement to grant women the same political and economic rights as men.
Who was Phyllis Schlafly? What were her thoughts on feminism?
She is a lawyer, conservative activist and author. She opposes feminism.
What was Wounded Knee?
A massacre that occurred on 12/29/80 near Wounded Knee Creek on the Lakota Pine Ridge Indian Reservation in South Dakota. 150 to 300 Native Americans were killed.
Who made up the counterculture movement?
People who rejected the values, norms and practices of the larger society and replaced them with a new set of cultural practices.
Who did conservatives blame for the changes in society during the 1960s-70s?
What helped Richard Nixon get elected?
The Silent Majority.
What was the UFWOC?
United Farm Workers of America, a labor union for farmworkers in the United States.
What was the 1961 Declaration of Indian Purpose?
An Indian political agenda and a shared declaration of principles from 700 Indians in 64 tribes.
What was AIM? What kind of organization were they?
American Indian Movement. A group formed to protect the rights of Indians.
What is the Feminine Mystique?
Best-selling book by feminist thinker Betty Friedan. Helped launch what would become second-wave feminism.
What was NOW? What was its purpose?
National Organization of Women. Formed to work for economic and legal rights of women.
Who is Gloria Steinem?
An American feminist, journalist, and social and political activist, who became nationally recognized as a leader and a spokeswoman for the feminist movement in the late 1960s and early 1970s.
Which group played a key role in getting Ronald Regan elected in 1980?
Democrats. 1/5 of them voted for Reagan.
Who was Timothy Leary?
An American psychologist and writer known for advocating the exploration of the therapeutic potential of psychedelic drugs under controlled conditions.
What is Haight-Ashbury?
In San Francisco, hippie-formed community. Famous center of counterculture. Young people flocked there.
Three-day rock concert in upstate NY August 1969, exemplified the counterculture of the late 1960s, nearly half-a-million gather in a 600-acre field; very peaceful.
What influence did the Beatles have on the counterculture movement?
They had an impact on folk musicians like Bob Dylan, whose protest songs highlighted the civil rights and peace movements.
What is the ERA?
A proposed amendment to the US Constitution stating that civil rights may not be denied on the basis of one's sex.
What was the New Right?
Outspoken conservative movement of the 1980s that emphasized such "social issues" as opposition to abortion, the Equal Rights Amendment, pornography, homosexuality and affirmative action.
Who was Betty Friedan?
An American writer, activist and feminist. A leading figure in the women's movement in the US, her 1963 book The Feminine Mystique is often credited with sparking the second wave of American feminism in the 20th century.
What is a hippie?
A person of unconventional appearance, typically having long hair and wearing beads, associated with a subculture involving a rejection of conventional values and the taking of hallucinogenic drugs.
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