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Chapter 33 World History
Terms in this set (45)
Struggle of US and Soviet Union using means short of war.
An international organization
Winston Churchill's name for the division of Europe.
US plan to stop the spread of communism.
US supports countries that reject communism
US program of assisting Western European countries
North Atlantic Treaty Organization; a defensive military alliance.
The alliance between Soviets and Eastern European nations.
Policy of willingness to go to the edge of war
First unmanned satellite launched by Soviet Union
Large collective farms often supporting over 25,000 people
Militia units formed to enforce strict communism in China who morphed into groups of violent radical youth.
Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese nationalist, later Communist leader
US theory of Communism expansion in Southeast Asia
Ngo Dinh Diem
Leads anti-Communism government in South Vietnam
South Vietnamese Communist guerrillas fighting against Diem
Nixon's plan to withdraw US from war gradually
Communist rebels who take control of Cambodia in 1975
Leader of Khmer Rouge
The Killing Fields
A number of sites in Cambodia where large numbers of people were killed and buried by the Khmer Rouge regime.
Developing nations; often newly independent, nonaligned
Independent countries not involved in the Cold War
Leads revolt in Cuba against dictator supported by the US
Iranian Muslim leader; lives in exile
Iraqi president who feared the spread of the Iranian Revolution into Iraq
Leader of Soviet Union after Stalin
John F Kennedey
US president during the Cuban Missile Crisis
US president who increased US involvement in Vietnam
Policy of reducing Cold War tensions to avoid conflict
(Strategic Arms Limitation Talks) Limits nuclear weapons
US president who launches détente
US president who is anti-Communist
What was the agreement made at the Yalta Conference?
They agreed to divide Germany into zones of occupation
How is Germany divided up?
East Germany is Communist and West Germany is democratic
What was delivered during the Berlin Airlift?
Food, supplies, etc.
Briefly describe Mao's brand of Marxist Socialism in China?
Mao takes property from landowners and Divides is among peasants. Also, the government seizes private companies and plans production increase.
Cultural revolution in China
A movement to build a society of peasants and workers
Significance of the 38th parallel
It divided North and South Korea
Controversial strategy that gets MacArthur removed from his position during the Korean War?
He calls for a nuclear attack
What did the Tonkin Gulf Resolution state, and how did it affect the Vietnamese War?
Congress gave the president the power to take necessary actions to protect US forces. Nixon sends troops to Vietnam, but they are unsuccessful.
Why is the Bay of Pigs significant?
US trains Cuban exiles to fight Cuba, but they lose.
Why do the Chinese and Soviets eventually break their friendship pact?
Both nations wanted to lead the world in Communism.
Name two Eastern European countries considered to be "behind the Iron Curtain".
Poland and Austria
List three reasons why the Vietnam War was unsuccessful for the American troops.
1. The US was fighting in a guerrilla war.
2. The Vietcong gains support from Ho Chi Minh, China, and the Soviet Union.
3. The war is unpopular in the US.
What are the outcomes of the Cuban Missile Crisis?
1. US demands removal of Soviet missiles in Cuba
2. Soviets withdraw missiles as long as US promises to not invade Cuba.
3. Cuban economy is left dependent on Soviet support.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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