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Hyponatremia etiology

SIADH, Addison's

Hypernatremia etiology

Dehydration, diabetes insipidus, loop diuretics

Hypokalemia causes

Loop diuretics, vomiting & diarrhea, diabetes insipidus, hyperaldosteronism

Hyperkalemia etiology

Burns, renal failure, Addison's

Hypocalcemia etiology

Hypoparathyroidism, acute pancreatitis, Vit D deficiency, chemo

Hypercalcemia causes

Hyperparathyroidism, pheochromocytoma, tumors, adrenal insufficiency

Hypophosphatemia etiology

Alcoholism, antacids, acidosis, pancreatitis, G- sepsis, steroids

Hyperphosphatemia etiology

Hypoparathyroidism, tumor lysis (lymphomas) renal insufficiency

Hypomagnesemia etiology

Hypercalcemia, malnutrition

Hypermagnesemia etiology

DKA, hemolysis, lithium intoxication, renal failure

Hypervolemia etiology

CHF, cirrhosis, nephrotic syn, burns, IV

Hypervolemia s/s

Edema, low HCT, normal [Na], low BUN

Hypovolemia etiology

Fluid loss (hemorrhage, diabetes, diuretics, vomiting) 3rd space shifts (burns, CHF, peritonitis, hypoalbuminemia)

Hypovolemia s/s

Acute weight loss, dizziness, polydipsia, tachy, hypotension

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