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30 terms

Bio MB Chap 52 & 53

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Which of these is a biotic component of an environment?
bacteria on the surface of your skin
light
the availability of water
the mineral supplements you consume
the temperature where you live
bacteria on the surface of your skin
Desert owls are inactive during the day and active at night. They also have small bodies. This describes _____ adaptation to the hot and dry desert.
anatomical
behavioral
physiological
anatomical and behavioral
anatomical, behavioral, and physiological
anatomical and behavioral
Horned lizards are desert animals that are active during the day. Their skin and kidneys are efficient at conserving water; when they get hot, they move to the shade so they can cool off. This describes _____ adaptation to the hot and dry desert.
anatomical
behavioral
physiological
behavioral and physiological
anatomical, behavioral, and physiological
anatomical, behavioral, and physiological
Cacti are desert plants with C4 metabolism. In addition, cacti bloom at night. This describes _____ adaptation to the hot and dry desert.
anatomical
behavioral
physiological
behavioral and physiological
anatomical, behavioral, and physiological
behavioral and physiological
Which action influences the abiotic components of an organism's environment?
Water pollution.
Extinction of predators.
Interactions with offspring.
Introduction of exotics.
Water pollution.
Which aspects of a region's climate have the most impact on plants and animals?
Soil composition and temperature.
Moisture and wind.
Temperature and moisture.
Sunlight and wind.
Temperature and moisture.
True or false? Weather is defined as the prevailing long-term atmospheric conditions in a particular region.
F
Which of the following statements about Hadley cells is true?

The moisture in cool air condenses into clouds and precipitates because cool air holds more moisture than warm air.
Warm air expands and rises from the surface of the atmosphere around the poles.
Warm air begins to cool as it starts to sink at about 30° North and South latitude.
As warm air rises, air at the top of the atmosphere is pushed poleward and cools.
As warm air rises, air at the top of the atmosphere is pushed poleward and cools.
Which location on Earth receives the most solar radiation per unit area?
South Pole.
Equator
30° North and South latitude.
North Pole.
Equator
What are rain shadows?

Wet regions on the windward side of mountain ranges.
Dry regions on the leeward side of mountain ranges.
Wet regions on the leeward side of mountain ranges.
Dry regions on the windward side of mountain ranges
Dry regions on the leeward side of mountain ranges.
Which desert is caused by a Hadley cell?
Sahara Desert in Africa.
Atacama Desert in Chile.
Desert next to the Rockies.
Patagonian Desert in Argentina.
Sahara Desert in Africa.
Which of these is characteristic of the photic zone of a freshwater biome?

the presence of algae
relatively cool wate
relatively stable water temperature
dead organic matter
low oxygen level
the presence of algae
The benthic zone of aquatic environments is defined as the _____.

region that receives abundant sunlight
region where phytoplankton are found
region that receives little or no light
substrate at the bottom of the body of water
region that is flooded at high tide and not covered by water at low tide
substrate at the bottom of the body of water
The _____ biome is the largest of Earth's biomes.
freshwater
marine
grassland
desert
rain forest
marine
A(n) _____ is a region where fresh water and salt water mix.
benthic zone
intertidal zone
aphotic zone
estuary
photic zone
estuary
Aquatic biomes can be distinguished by chemical characteristics such as dissolved oxygen content and salinity and by physical characteristics such as water flow.
Which five of the following statements about aquatic biomes are true?

A freshwater organism permanently attached to the substrate would be unlikely to survive and reproduce in an estuary.
All wetlands have soils that dry out periodically.
Estuaries are very productive and are used as breeding grounds by many species of fish.
Tropical coral reefs generally exist in relatively shallow areas of the ocean.
The lowest levels of dissolved oxygen in a stream are generally found in its turbulent headwaters.
Temperature drives water movement in some lakes.
Wetlands have slow water movement or no water movement and no turnover.
A freshwater organism permanently attached to the substrate would be unlikely to survive and reproduce in an estuary.

Estuaries are very productive and are used as breeding grounds by many species of fish.

Tropical coral reefs generally exist in relatively shallow areas of the ocean.

Temperature drives water movement in some lakes.

Wetlands have slow water movement or no water movement and no turnover.
the order of seasonal turnover
1. surface water warms to 4 C and sinks
2. water mixes, bringing oxygen to the bottom and nutrients to the surface
3. warm surface water is separated from cooler bottom water by thermocline
4. surface water cools to 4 C and sinks
5. water mixes, bringing oxygen to the bottom and nutrients to the surface
What are the two major factors determining the distribution of terrestrial biomes?
temperature and light
temperature and rainfall
light and rainfall
plants and animals
temperature and plants
temperature and rainfall
Which of these biomes is characterized by little rainfall?
temperate broadleaf forest
coniferous forest
desert
temperate grassland
tropical rain forest
desert
Which of these is the largest terrestrial biome on Earth?
tundra
coniferous forest
temperate broadleaf forest
temperate grassland
desert
coniferous forest
Which biome is characterized by an extensive canopy that allows little light to penetrate to the ground and by the presence of epiphytes?
temperate grassland
coniferous forest
tropical rain forest
desert
tundra
tropical rain forest
Which biome is characterized by the presence of permafrost?
taiga
tropical forest
tundra
coniferous forest
desert
tundra
Which of these species typically has a mortality rate that remains fairly constant over an individual's life span?
elephants
humans
grasses
robins
oysters
robins
Oyster populations are primarily, if not exclusively, composed of _____.
prereproductive oysters
adults
juveniles
larvae
larval and juvenile oysters
adults
Which of these organisms has a survivorship curve similar to that of oysters?
humans
cats
robins
grasses
elephants
grasses
Which of these organisms has a survivorship curve similar to that of humans?
elephants
robins
cats
oysters
grasses
elephants
Which of these was the first of the major events that stimulated an increase in the size of the human population?
the Industrial Revolution
the discovery of vaccines
the advent of agriculture
the discovery of antibiotics
the bubonic plague
the advent of agriculture
Which of these was the second of the major events that stimulated an increase in the size of the human population?
the discovery of antibiotics
the bubonic plague
the discovery of vaccines
the advent of agriculture
the Industrial Revolution
the Industrial Revolution
Which of these was the third of the major events that stimulated an increase in the size of the human population?
the discovery of vaccines
the advent of agriculture
the discovery of antibiotics
the Industrial Revolution
the discovery of vaccines and the discovery of antibiotics
the discovery of vaccines and the discovery of antibiotics
Currently, how large is the worldwide population of humans relative to Earth's carrying capacity for humans?
below the carrying capacity
above the carrying capacity
either at or above the carrying capacity
There is insufficient information to answer this question.
at the carrying capacity
There is insufficient information to answer this question.