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Terms in this set (87)
this is a framing that uses wall studs that run unbroken from the bottom of the first floor to the top of the highest floor
Fiberglass or rock-wool insulation with various thicknesses. May or may not have a paper covering.
The horizontal boards nailed to corner post to assist in the accurate layout of foundation and excavation lines
A structural member, usually horizontal, that carries a load that is applied transverse to its length.
In architecture, construction in which the wall supports itself, the roof and floors.
composed of a blend of asphalts and mineral fillers formed under heat and pressure between two asphalt-saturated liners. It is waterproof, permanent, flexible, and self-sealing.
pieces of wood or other material that run between wall studs in order to provide support
An L-Shaped sill usually consisting of 2 2x8s, one resting flat on top of the foundation wall immediately under the floor joists, and the other nailed at right angles to the one resting on the foundation wall.
the second application of a three-stage process of completing a plaster finish
What is usually the cause of a balcony that tilts downward when weight is applied?
The process in which minerals precipitate into pore spaces between sediment grains and bind sediments together to form rock.
The actual clear distance or opening between supports for a structural member, i.e., the distance between walls or the distance between the edges of flanges of beams.
A rafter extending from a wallplate to a ridgeboard or ridgebeam and having no function other than to support sheathing and covering of a roof.
building material made by mixing small stones and sand with limestone, clay, and water
is a formed, sawed, or tooled groove in a concrete structure to create a weakened plane and regulate the location of cracking resulting from the dimensional change of different parts of the structure.
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars)
the slow downhill movement of weathered rock material
A stud above a door opening or below a windowsill
bottom ends are not nailed in place until the subfloor is installed
An exterior building wall that is supported entirely by the frame of the building, rather than being self-supporting or load bearing.
consist of the weight of all materials and fixed equipment incorporated into the building or other structure.
the vertical portion of a rainwater conductor.
This is designed to safely absorb the heat expansion and contraction of construction materials, to absorb vibration, to hold parts together
Federal Housing Administration
usually with a fine white plaster, occasionally with sand added for effect
An angular cut at the end of a joist or beam where it enters a masonry wall, allowing the member to fall without damaging the wall if it burns through somewhere along its length.
The application of an impervious material to prevent water penetration at joints formed by different materials or surfaces.
typically the lowest element of the foundation and directly transfer the buildings loads from above into the surrounding soils or onto piles of caissons. the design of the footing depends typically on the soil type and building loads. footings rest on undisturbed or compacted earth and the bottom of the footing is located below the frost line. they are typically reinforced with rebar and poured in place with concrete.
ornamental horizontal band on a wall
Term used to describe wood members produced by joining small, flat strips of wood together with glue
the base level of the elevation of a house
A plate or bracket for strengthening an angle in framework.
low area, trough, or groove
a method of building in which external and internal walls are constructed of timber frames and the spaces between the structural members are filled with such materials as brick, plaster, or wattle and daub.
structural members in light-frame construction which run perpendicular to floor and ceiling joists
Department of Housing and Urban Development
Cost less than others - same amount of material used, but still stronger - material from strong center taken and used further from axis
Sometimes called trimmers, fit under each end of a header, and they transfer the load that the header carries down to the bottom plate and the framing beneath.
Beam that supports the roof (in a house)
A specialized type of stud which is used in post and beam construction to support an opening such as a door or window.
Kip (unit of measure)
It equals 1000 pounds-force, used primarily by American architects and engineers to measure engineering loads. Although uncommon, it is occasionally also considered a unit of weight, equal to 1000 pounds, i.e., one half of a short ton
A rotary machine used during grinding, finishing, and polishing procedures.
A horizontal beam used to span an opening.
are forces or other actions that result from the weight of all building materials, occupants, and their possessions, environmental effects, differential movements, and restrained dimensional changes. Permanent loads are those loads in which variations over time are rare or of small magnitude. All other loads are variable loads.
measures a single individual or group of individuals over an extended period of time
wooden joist that extends in cantilever out from the exterior wall (or wall plate) of a building, supporting the roof sheathing and providing a nailing surface for the fascia boards.
massive, solid, uniform, and unyielding
(n2) a mixture of sand, water, and cement or lime that is used to fix bricks or stones to each other when building walls / 모르타르
n. a sill of a structure that is so low as to be in the mud
Oriented stranded board
thin coat of a cementitious or polymeric mortar applied to concrete or masonry for refinement of the surface.
This ____ ________ supports the building above the surface of land or water.
a rectangular column that usually projects about a third of its width from the wall to which it is attached
A method of framing wood stud walls in which the studs are one story in height and the floor joists bear on the top plates of the wall below.
a sheet material made by gluing thin layers of wood at 90 degrees to each other.
a building system where strong horizontal elements are held up by strong vertical elements with large spaces between them.
Post & Beam Construction
methods of building with heavy timbers (posts and beams) rather than dimensional lumber such as 2x4s
wood posts or concrete piers set into the ground and bearing the weight of the building on foundation beams.
Parallam Wood Lumbe
Inclined beam that supports a roof, runs parallel to the slope of the roof, and to which the roof decking is attached.
a tool that has a series of metal, wooden, or plastic pieces at the end of a long handle and that is used to gather leave; 갈퀴, 부지깽이
structural beam supporting the upper ends of rafters in a sloped roof, required where the rafters are not tied to their lower ends
________ ________ should be used at edges of slabs on grade to prevent heat loss in cool and temperate areas
Rigid Paving System
Pavement that will provide high bending resistance and distribute loads to the foundation over a comparatively large area.
description of the roof incline as a ratio of vertical rise to horizontal run
the wall opening into which a door frame is fitted
a coarse plaster is applied then "scratched" with a toothed trowel to hold the next coat
A covering placed over exterior studs or rafters that serve as a base below the exterior finish materials.
Things on the roof used to prevent leaks and weathering
the horizontal member beneath a door or window opening having an upper surface sloped to shed rainwater
An extension of a slab floor. Placed at the same time as the floor and is cast as one unit.
the under surface of a structural element such as an arch or a beam, slab, or vault
The plate placed at the bottom of a wall.
A Footing that changes levels in stages to accommodate a sloping grade and maintain the required depth at all points around a building.
fine plaster or cement used to coat or decorate walls
A framing member, usually cut to a precise length at the mill, designed to be used in framing building walls with little or no trimming before it is set in place
The structural floor joined to the joists that support the finish flooring.
combinations of footings and poured concrete or concrete block wall that form an inverted T; necessary in structures with basements or when the underside of the 1st floor crawl space must be accessible.
A horizontal structural member located on top of the studs used to hold the wall together.
the field of surveying to establish control networks.
A vertical framing member that form the sides of rough openings for doors and windows. It provides stiffening for the frame and supports the weight of the header.
An assembly of structural members joined to form a rigid framework, usually connected to form triangles..
A rafter connecting the ridge to the wall plate along a valley.
(n.) a thin outer layer; a surface appearance or decoration; (v.) to cover with a thin layer
The change required to meet the difference threshold is a certain fraction of the originally presented stimulus.
A plywood-sheathed, pressure-treated stud wall. Attractive in warmer climates where freezing is not a problem. All wood must be pressure treated with chemical solutions to protect from insects and fungi.
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