49 terms

Music Terms for Choir

Basic Music Terms
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Terms in this set (...)

Accelerando
Gradually faster
Accent
to emphasize a note
Accidental
A flat, sharp or natural sign that appears within a piece of music.
Articulation
The style in which a note is performed
Bar Line
Vertical lines that separate the music into measures.
Clef
A sign that helps organize the staff so notes can be easily read.
Crescendo
Gradually louder
Decrescendo
Gradually softer.
Dynamics
Indicate the volume, or how soft or loud the music should be played.
Flat
Lowers the pitch1/2 a step and remains in effect for the rest of the measure
Forte
Loud
Grand staff
The bass staff and treble staff connected by a brace and a line.
Half note
A symbol that indicates 1/2 of a whole note, or 2 quarter notes.
Half rest
A symbol that indicates 1/2 of a whole rest, or 2 quarter rests.
Half step
The distance from any key on the keyboard to the very next key above or below, whether black or white.
Leger Line
Short lines that extend the staff higher or lower
Measure
The area between two bar lines (also known as "bar").
Notes that are written on lines
On the G clef: EGBDF
On the F clef: GBDFA
Middle C
the note in the middle of the grand staff and the C nearest the middle of the keyboard.
Natural Sign
The natural sign before a note cancels a previous flat or sharp.
Notes
Symbols that are placed on a staff that represents specific musical pitches.
Piano - Dynamic
Soft
Pitch
A musical sound
Quarter note
A symbol that indicates 1/4 of a whole note. Usually 1 quarter note equals 1 beat.
Quarter rest
A symbol that indicates 1/4 of a whole rest. Usually 1 quarter rest equals 1 beat.
Rhythm
Division of a steady beat
Sharp
Raises the pitch 1/2 a step and remains in effect for the rest of the measure
Spaces
On the G clef: FACE
On the F clef: ACEG
Staff
Five lines and four spaces on which music is written on
Tempo
A word meaning "rate of speed". It tells how fast or slow to play the music.
Treble Clef
The clef used for notes in the higher pitch ranges.
Treble staff
The staff on which the treble clef is placed. The curl of the clef circles the line on which the note G is placed.
Whole note
A symbol that indicates 4 quarter notes.
Whole rest
A symbol that indicates 4 quarter rests.
Whole step
The distance from any key on the keyboard to two keys above or below.
Melody
The main tune of a song.
Harmony
The part of a musical composition that enhances the melody.
Scale
A sequence of musical notes in ascending and descending order.
Interval
The distance between two notes.
Ritardando
Gradually slower
Legato
Smooth and Connected
Segno
A musical sign that marks a section; used with repeats.
Repeat Sign
Return to the beginning or previous repeat sign at the beginning of the section.
1st & 2nd Ending
A symbol that tells you to repeat, then skip, then continue.
Major Scale
Scale built on the formula (W-W-h-W-W-W-h). where W=whole step and h=half step.
Audiate
hearing a pitch in your head
Time Signature
Appears at the beginning of the music after the clef sign. It contains two numbers. The upper number tells how many beats are in each measure; the lower number indicates what type of note receives 1 beat.
Tie
Curved line connecting two or more notes of the same pitch
Dot (after a note)
Increases the note's duration by half the original value.