A flat, sharp or natural sign that appears within a piece of music.
The style in which a note is performed
Vertical lines that separate the music into measures.
A sign that helps organize the staff so notes can be easily read.
Indicate the volume, or how soft or loud the music should be played.
Lowers the pitch1/2 a step and remains in effect for the rest of the measure
The bass staff and treble staff connected by a brace and a line.
A symbol that indicates 1/2 of a whole note, or 2 quarter notes.
A symbol that indicates 1/2 of a whole rest, or 2 quarter rests.
The distance from any key on the keyboard to the very next key above or below, whether black or white.
Short lines that extend the staff higher or lower
The area between two bar lines (also known as "bar").
Notes that are written on lines
On the G clef: EGBDF On the F clef: GBDFA
the note in the middle of the grand staff and the C nearest the middle of the keyboard.
The natural sign before a note cancels a previous flat or sharp.
Symbols that are placed on a staff that represents specific musical pitches.
Piano - Dynamic
A musical sound
A symbol that indicates 1/4 of a whole note. Usually 1 quarter note equals 1 beat.
A symbol that indicates 1/4 of a whole rest. Usually 1 quarter rest equals 1 beat.
Division of a steady beat
Raises the pitch 1/2 a step and remains in effect for the rest of the measure
On the G clef: FACE On the F clef: ACEG
Five lines and four spaces on which music is written on
A word meaning "rate of speed". It tells how fast or slow to play the music.
The clef used for notes in the higher pitch ranges.
The staff on which the treble clef is placed. The curl of the clef circles the line on which the note G is placed.
A symbol that indicates 4 quarter notes.
A symbol that indicates 4 quarter rests.
The distance from any key on the keyboard to two keys above or below.
The main tune of a song.
The part of a musical composition that enhances the melody.
A sequence of musical notes in ascending and descending order.
The distance between two notes.
Smooth and Connected
A musical sign that marks a section; used with repeats.
Return to the beginning or previous repeat sign at the beginning of the section.
1st & 2nd Ending
A symbol that tells you to repeat, then skip, then continue.
Scale built on the formula (W-W-h-W-W-W-h). where W=whole step and h=half step.
hearing a pitch in your head
Appears at the beginning of the music after the clef sign. It contains two numbers. The upper number tells how many beats are in each measure; the lower number indicates what type of note receives 1 beat.
Curved line connecting two or more notes of the same pitch
Dot (after a note)
Increases the note's duration by half the original value.