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CRMS 100 Facts Test
Terms in this set (100)
The steps to the _________ _________ are:
Design a problem statement
Make a testable hypothesis (prediction)
Conduct Experiment and collect Data
Conclusion and communicate results
Use conclusion to think of the Next Logical Step
An _____________ is a record of what you see, hear, smell, feel, or taste. The two types are ____________, which involves numbers and ___________ which involves words or
observation, quantitative, qualitative
An __________ is a conclusion, or educated guess, based on what you observe.
When an inference is recorded as an observation, or an experiment is not adequately controlled or set up to collect accurate data a _________ has occurred.
_________ are the factors that can affect the experiment. ______ ______ is an acronym that helps to remember which variable is which. D = dependent variable (data) R = responds Y= y-axis M = manipulate I - independent variable and X= x-axis
Variables, DRY MIX,
An experiment in which there is only one independent variable and all other variables are kept constant is called a___________ _________.
Scientists around the world use the _______ ________ also known as the ______________ _________ ________ ___ ___for measurement. The unit for volume is _____or ______; length is ________, mass is measured in _________and temperature is measured in __________.
Metric system, International System of Units (SI), Liter, M, Meter, Grams, Celsius
______ is a measurement of how much matter an object contains, and is measured with a _____ _________ ________. The amount of space matter occupies is called_________, and can be measured with a ___________ __________ or can be calculated by LxWxH.
Mass, Triple, Beam, Balance, Volume, Graduated, cylinder
The ________ ________ states:a) all organisms are made of one or more cells b) The cell is the basic unit of all living things and c) all cells come from existing cells
An ______________ is a specialized cellular part (such as a mitochondrion, lysosome, or ribosome) that is similar to an organ and performs a function for the cell.
The ______ ________ controls what enters and leaves the cell. It is the outermost covering for animal cells.
A ______ _______the usually rigid non living permeable wall that surrounds the plasma membrane and encloses and supports the cells of most plants, bacteria, fungi, and algae.
The __________is a membrane bound organelle that contains the DNA of the cell and functions as the command center for the cell controlling all other functions.
_____________ is a homogeneous, generally clear jelly-like material that fills cells in which the _____________ are suspended and held together by a fatty membrane.
The ________ ________is the powerhouse of the cell burning glucose to release the energy to power all other cell functions. The mitochondria is where cellular respiration occurs
A _____________________ contains the green pigment _______________and is an organelle that is found in plants, some bacteria, and algae and has the function of performing _________________ to make glucose.
Chloroplast, Chlorophyll, Photosynthesis
A ________________is an organelle that is a storage area of a cell. ______________is a type of vacuole that can break down food or old cell parts.
When a molecule moves from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration ________________has occurred. When the molecule that is diffusing is water it is called _____________.
The _________for something to be considered ______________are 1) ability to move 2) senses and responds to the environment 3) grows 4) repair injury 4) exchange gases and nutrients with the environments 6) excretes waste 7) reproduce.
_________________ organisms carry out all of the functions necessary for the organism to stay a live within one single cell. ________________organisms are composed of many specialized cells that work together to help the organism survive.
_______________ is a classification system used to organize living organisms into categories.
_______________(bacteria) do not have a nucleus.
_______________are organisms whose cells have a nucleus.
A ________________ __________ is a chart used to identify an unknown species or organism.
____________ _______________gives each organism a two-part name that can be understood worldwide. The first part of this scientific name is the organism's _________ , the second part is their ____________.
Binomial, Nomenclature, genus, species
The levels of classification are ___________, ___________, __________, _________, _____________, __________, ____________and ___________.
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
A ___________ is a group of organisms whose members can only breed and produce fertile offspring with one another.
There are 3 domains:
- ___________ unicellular prokaryotes that are heterotrophs and phototrophs "modern bacteria".
- ___________ unicellular prokaryotes that are chemotrophs found in Deep Ocean
Hydrothermal vents and hot springs "ancient bacteria".
- ___________ can be unicellular or multicellular eukaryotes.
Bacteria, Archae, Eukaryote
An organism that is a prokaryote, unicellular, reproduces asexually, has no peptidoglycan in its cell wall, and can live in harsh climates such as deep ocean trenches is classified into ___________ ___________ .
An organism that is a prokaryote, unicellular, reproduces asexually, has peptidoglycan in its cell wall, and lives in milder climates is classified into ___________ ___________ .
An organism that is a ___________ , is a bacteria.
An organism that is a unicellular eukaryote, which lives mainly in aquatic environments and moves with either cilia, flagella or pseudopods is classified into ___________ ___________ .
An organism that is a multicellular eukaryote, a cell wall of chitin, and is a heterotroph that sexually reproduces with spores, is classified into ___________ ___________ .
An organism that is a multicellular eukaryote, a cell wall of cellulose, an autotroph, and reproduces sexually with pollen, is classified into ___________ ___________ .
An organism that is a multicellular eukaryote, lacks a cell wall, and is a heterotroph is classified into ___________ ___________ .
___________ is the passing on of biological characteristics (traits) from one generation to the next.
______ is the name of the molecule that codes for traits. When DNA is wrapped around a protein rod, it is called a ___________
__________are segments of DNA that code for a trait.
______ ___________ __ an inherited trait that changes the species in structure or function to enable it to live in its surroundings and be better suited for the environment.
An Adaptation is
___________ ___________ is a process by which the organisms best suited to their environment tend to leave the most offspring - "survival of the fittest."
___________ ___________ is the controlled breeding of organisms that have a certain trait.
___________ ___________requires only one parent and results in the offspring having the same genetic make-up as the one parent. An ___________ of asexual reproduction is that offspring are produced quickly. A ___________ is that there is little variety within a species to withstand a dramatic change in the environment.
Asexual Reproduction, Advantage, Disadvantage
___________ ___________requires two parents and results in the offspring receiving half of the DNA from one parent and the other half from the DNA from the second parent. The offspring of sexual reproduction are more ___________. An ___________of sexual reproduction is that there is a larger variety within an offspring. A ___________ of sexual reproduction is that a lot of energy is spent finding a mate and reproducing.
Sexual Reproduction, diverse, advantage, disadvantage
___________ is the gene makeup of a trait. ___________ is the physical appearance of a trait.
___________ ___________show in the phenotype when they are inherited. ___________ ___________only show in the phenotype when they are inherited from both parents.
Dominant genes, recessive genes
A ___________ genotype is when both of the inherited genes are the same (both dominant or recessive; i.e. TT, tt). ___________ genotype is when one of the inherited gene is dominant, and the other is recessive (i.e. Tt)
A ___________ ___________ is a graphic way to see possible combinations of gene pairs.
Living (___________ ___________ ) and nonliving (___________ ___________ ) factors affect an organism's ability to survive in its habitat.
Biotic factors, abiotic factors
The interaction of the biotic and abiotic factors creates an ___________ .
The levels of organism within an ecosystem are: ___________ → ___________ → ___________ → ___________ → ___________ → ___________
Organisms, population, community, ecosystem, biome, biosphere
All of the members of one species living in an area makes up a ___________ . All the different populations that live together in an area creates a ___________ .
The largest population an environment can support is called the ___________ ___________ .
___________ is a relationship between two different species. ___________ is a symbiotic relationship in which both organisms benefit from the interaction. (ex. Bees and flowers).___________ is a symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is neither harmed nor gains a benefit (ex. Whale and barnacles). ___________ is a symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits while the other organism is harmed (ex. Tape worm and human).
Symbiosis, Mutualism, Commensalism, Parasitic
A ___________ ___________ is a path of energy from one organism (feeding level) to another. It is the relationship between animals in a habitat and the foods they eat. A ___________ ___________ is an overlapping network of food chains found in a community.
Food chain, food web
___________ ___________ represent the loss of energy along a food chain.
An ___________ is a producer that creates its own food from another energy source. ___________ obtain energy from the sun, ___________ obtain energy from chemical reactions.
Autotroph, photoautotroph's, chemoautotroph's
A ___________ is a consumer that has to eat to get energy. They can be divided into: ___________ ___________ (___________ ) which eat autotrophs, ___________ ___________ (___________ ) eat heterotrophs and ___________ ___________ ( ___________ and ___________ ).
Heterotroph, primary consumers, herbivores, secondary consumers, carnivores, tertiary consumers, carnivores and omnivores
A ___________ is an organism that breaks down waste and the remains of dead organisms.
__________ are large geographic areas with similar climates.
The ___________ is at the northern most latitude. It has a layer of permafrost, so the soil is not deep enough to anchor trees. The climate is dry and cold.
The ___________ ___________ /___________ is found at northern latitudes and mountainous regions. It has long cold winters, and is most easily recognized by the pine trees that inhabit this biome.
Coniferous Forest/ Taiga
The ___________ ___________ is common on coastlines. It has 4 very distinct seasons and trees that can lose their leaves in the winter.
The ___________ /___________ is what we are here in Austin. The temperature range is not extreme, but there is are wet and a dry season. Since water is not readily available there are not a lot of tees.
___________ can be hot or cold, but they all receive very little rainfall. Plants and animals that are able to survive in this harsh climate are able to conserve water extremely well.
The ___________ is found near the equator. It is warm all year, and receives a steady rainfall. The Rainforest is known for its biodiversity.
The largest biomes on earth are the ___________ ___________, including marine and fresh water.
___________ ___________ is the gradual change from one community to another. ___________ ___________ happens when the starting community is barren (usually just bare rock). ___________ ___________ is when a community evolves from a previously disturbed community.
Ecological Succession, Primary Succession, Secondary Succession
The three types of resources are: 1) ___________ natural resource that can be used and replaced over a short amount of time. 2) ___________ cannot be replaced over thousands or millions of years, and 3) ___________ a resource that cannot be used up.
Renewable, Nonrenewable, Inexhaustible
The three R's of conservation are ___________ your use of natural resources in many ways, ___________ items whenever possible, and ___________ .
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
_______ are the ___________ ________ ________ ________. Cells that have the same job are grouped together to form a __________. Different tissues working together are grouped into _________. Organs that work together create an ___________ ___________. Sets of organ systems work together in an __________.
Cells, Basic Unit of Life, tissue, Organs, Organ System, Organism
___________ is the regulation of the body's internal environment.
A ___________ brings the body out of homeostasis, and can be internal or external. The ___________ tries to bring the body back into homeostasis.
The ___________ ___________ has ___________ ___________ : gives a body structure and support, helps movement provides protection of major organs, stores minerals and fat , makes blood cells
Skeletal system, five function
A ___________ is where two or more bones come together. The immobile joints are called ___________ joints. The four types of movable joints are ___________ , ___________ , ___________ -and-___________ and ___________ .
Joint, fixed, pivot, hinge, ball-and-socket, gliding
___________ connect muscles to bones. ___________ connect bones to bones.
The ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ is to contract (shorten) to move bones and body parts.
Function of the muscular system
The types of muscles are: 1) ___________ which are voluntary and move bones and joints 2) ___________ muscle is involuntary and controls movement of internal organs and 3) ___________ muscle is involuntary and located only in the heart.
Skeletal, Smooth, Cardiac
The ___________ of the ___________ ___________ is to, 1) protect the body from invasion of bacteria and viruses (protection), 2) reduce and control water loss, 3) production of vitamin D, 4) regulate/maintain body temperature
Function, Integumentary system
The ___________ of the ___________ ___________ (skin) includes the ___________ (dead skin cells on the surface), the ___________ (produces new skin cells), ___________ (where nerves, sweat and oil glands, and blood vessels are located) ___________ , and ___________ .
Structure, integumentary system, epidermis, endodermis, dermis, hair, nails
The ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ are: 1) bring oxygen to cells, 2) bring food to cells, 3) take waste away from cells, 4) fight invaders and 5) deliver chemical messages.
Function of the circulatory system
The ___________ of the ___________ ___________ include the ___________ , ___________ , ___________ , ___________ and ___________ .
Structures, circulatory system, heart, veins, arteries, capillaries, blood
___________ carry blood away from the heart. ___________ exchange nutrients, oxygen, and wastes in cells. ___________ return blood to the heart.
Arteries, capillaries, veins
The four parts of blood are the Red blood cells, White blood cells, platelets and plasma. ___________ ___________ ___________ carry oxygen and carbon dioxide, ___________ ___________ ___________ fight infections and ___________ form clots. ___________ carries nutrients, blood cells, and other substances.
Red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets, plasma
The ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ filters, warms and moistens air that enters the body, and provides a way for the body to exchanges carbon dioxide for oxygen.
Function of the respiratory system
The major ___________ of the ___________ ___________ are the lungs, nose, mouth, trachea, bronchioles, larynx, pharynx, diaphragm and alveoli.
Structures, respiratory system
The ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ is to remove waste from the body by cleaning the blood. The major organ is the kidney.
Function of the urinary system
The ___________ that can remove waste from the body include the kidneys, skin, lungs, liver and large intestines.
The ___________ major ___________ are: proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and water.
The ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ is to take food into the body, break it down into nutrients, absorb the nutrients into the blood stream, and get rid of the waste.
Function of the digestive system
The ___________ of the digestive system ___________ the ___________ , ___________ , ___________ , ___________ ___________ , ___________ ___________ , and ___________ .
Structures, include, mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum
___________ ___________ is the process of breaking down glucose to release energy that the body can use. It is represented by the following equation:
6O2 + C6H12O6 ------→ 6H2O +6CO2
Oxygen + glucose yields water + carbon dioxide
The ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ is to receive sensory information about the body and the body's environment and then reacts to the message by sending a response. The ___________ of the ___________ ___________ include 1) the brain 2) the spinal cord and 3) nerves.
Function of the nervous system, structures, nervous system
The ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ ___________ is to send and receive hormones to regulate body functions such as growth, metabolism, blood sugar levels, and stress.
Function of the endocrine system
The ___________ of ___________ ___________ is to ___________ ___________ ___________ , by creating new living organisms.
Function, reproductive system, continue a species
___________ vary greatly in size and shape and are either ___________ (have xylem and phloem) or ___________ .
Plants, vascular, nonvascular
___________ is the process by which a plant or fungus emerges from a seed or spore.
___________ is a vascular tissue that carries water upward from the roots to other parts of the plant. ___________ is vascular tissue that carries the sugar made during photosynthesis to other parts of the plant.
_________________ is when radiant energy (sunlight) is used to produce chemical energy (sugar) and oxygen. Photosynthesis provides the food for most organisms on Earth. The equation for photosynthesis is:
6 CO2 + 6H2O sunlight C6H12O6 + 6 O2
Carbon dioxide + water yields sugar + oxygen
A response of a plant to outside stimuli is called a ___________ . Stimuli include light (phototropism), gravity (geotropism), and touch (thigmotropism).
___________ ___________ is a force exerted outward on a cell wall by the water contained in the cell. This force gives the plant rigidity, and may help to keep it up right.
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