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Politics of the United States
Social Studies vocab ch 5 sections 1-3
Terms in this set (22)
n. a government in which the citizens rule through elected representatives.
n. the belief that government should be based on the consent of the people.
Articles of confederation
n. a document, adopted by the Second Continental Congress in 1777 and finally approved by the states in 1781, that outlined the form of government of the new United States.
n. an alliance permitting states or nations to act together on matters of mutual concern.
land ordinance of 1785
n. a law that established a plan for surveying and selling the federally owned lands west of the Appalachian Mountains.
northwest ordinance of 1787
n. a law that established a procedure for the admission of new states to the Union.
n. an uprising of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers protesting increased state taxes in 1787.
n. the Constitutional Convention's agreement to establish a two-house national legislature, with all states having equal representation in one house and each state having representation based on its population in the other house.
n. a political system in which a national government and constituent units, such as state governments, share power.
three- fifths compromise
n. the Constitutional Convention's agreement to count three-fifths of a state's slaves as population for purposes of representation and taxation.
n. the branch of government that makes laws.
n. the branch of government that administers and enforces the laws.
n. the branch of government that interprets the laws and the Constitution.
checks and balances
n. the provisions in the U.S. Constitution that prevent any branch of the U.S. government from dominating the other two branches.
n. a group selected by the states to elect the president and the vice-president, in which each state's number of electors is equal to the number of its senators and representatives in Congress.
n. the official approval of the Constitution, or of an amendment, by the states.
n. supporters of the Constitution and of a strong national government.
n. an opponent of a strong central government.
n. a series of essays defending and explaining the Constitution, written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay.
Bill of rights
n. the first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution, added in 1791 and consisting of a formal list of citizens' rights and freedoms.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Social Studies vocab ch 1 sections 1-5
Social Studies Vocab ch 3 sections 1-4
Social Studies vocab ch 10 sections 1-4
social studies vocab chapter 1
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