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41 terms

public speaking midterm

STUDY
PLAY
A form of communication which has much in common with modern public speaking is
conversation
Translating ideas and images in the speaker's mind into verbal or nonverbal messages that an
audience can understand is termed
encoding
One of the ways that public speaking and conversation are different is that public speaking is
more formal
When an audience member translates the speaker's verbal and nonverbal messages into
information and ideas, this process is known as
decoding
The environment or situation in which a speech occurs is termed
context
In the communication process, what is the term for something that interferes with the
communication process?
noise
A speech that is designed to teach, define, illustrate, clarify, or elaborate on a topic reflects
an informative speech purpose
Tara was really nervous before her final class speech, but she just kept concentrating on how
important she believed her message to be. She felt convinced in her message, and that
conviction finally helped her to dispel her nervousness before the presentation. Which tip
about developing confidence in public speaking does this example reflect?
focus on the message rather than on your fear
The process called ________ reduces communication apprehension through muscle relaxation techniques.
systematic desensitization
_________ focuses on changing negatively held beliefs a speaker has about him- or herself that are based primarily on specific irrational beliefs.
cognitive restructuring
This method of anxiety management suggests that because apprehension toward public speaking is learned it can be unlearned.
cognitive restructuring
If you learn how to perform successfully, your apprehension will be reduced by using:
skills training
What is ethnocentrism?
the attitude that one's own cultural approach is superior to those from other cultures
Trying to determine what an audience believes or thinks about a speech topic is termed
psychological analysis
An examination by the speaker of the time and place of the speech, size of the expected
audience, and the speaking occasion is
a situational analysis
Collecting information about an audience concerning their age range, gender, and ethnicity is
part of
a demographic analysis
Brent was presenting a speech on childhood diabetes, a disease that he had suffered from for
years. He decided not to mention this fact to his audience. According to your text, which
statement concerning Brent's speech is more correct?
a speaker's personal experience makes him more credible to his audience
The specific group of audience members that you, as a speaker, most wish to address or
influence is your
target audience
The speaker's outline which contains the specific purpose, the introduction, all main ideas with supporting material, and a conclusion is
the preparation outline
The preparation outline is typically used by a speaker during the speech.
false
Considering the needs, interests, and expectations of listeners during the entire speech
preparation process is called
being audience-centered
The Catalog of U.S. Government Publications and the American Statistics Index are described in your textbook as examples of
government documents
It is necessary to determine what individual or organization is responsible for a website in
order to determine its
accountability
When someone, who is a recognized authority in a specialized area, states his/her opinion,
this is considered
expert testimony
What are important guidelines for the use of statistics in a speech?
use reputable, authoritative, unbiased sources for your statistics
In her presentation to the school board about plans for the new physical fitness facility, Ms.
Anderson described the various workout areas, gyms, locker rooms, and physical therapy
facilities. Which organizational pattern was Ms. Anderson using in her presentation?
spatial
The pattern of speech organization used in a speech topic that progresses in order of time
chronological??
The linear organizational pattern that categorizes a speech by dividing a subject into natural parts or divisions is called:
topical
A linear logic in which the first point results in the second is:
cause and effect
When you save the most important material for last, you are using the principle of
recency
When divided or partitioned, main points must have a minimum of _____________ subpoints.
two
The main reason to use previews, summaries, and signposts is to
keep your audience on track with your speech
When you state a main idea, cite the source, present the material, and then explain how the
material supports the main idea, you are
integrating supporting materials smoothly
It is important in an introduction to build trust with the audience, to have them believe you
and like you. This is known as speaker
credibility
The final step in an introduction is to provide your audience with an overview of your speech. This step is known as
a preview
The nineteenth-century practice of delivering famous speeches from history, instead of writing
one's own speeches, is
declamation
Hypothetical illustrations, description, and opinions are considered to be
soft evidence
Transitions, previews, and summaries are all examples of
signposts
Deanna makes the claim in her persuasive speech that unregulated car emissions in major
urban areas worldwide contribute to the depletion of the ozone layer, which contributes to
global warming. Which type of organizational pattern is reflected in this example?
cause-effect
The principle of recency means that an audience will best remember your last supporting
point.
true
Television, radio, and computers are all:
channels