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Terms in this set (58)
Percentages of the Stomach, Small intestine, Large intestine in the horse
Primary site of digestion and absorption of lipids, non-structural carbohydrates, and proteins
Products of Fermentation in the horse
Volatile fatty acids
(all of them in multiple choice)
Which nutrients are typically used as sources of energy for the horse?
Name of the homopolysaccharide that is branched and most common form of plant starch
Name of the homopolysaccharide that is branched and is the only storage form of carbohydrates in the body
Starch overload begins when a meal contains greater than what percent of body weight.
The only amino acid with a known dietary requirement is...
Lipids contain _____ times the amount of energy than carbs
Which type of fatty acid has been shown to decrease the inflammatory response?
Omega 3 fatty acids
Fat can be used as a source of energy during which type of exercise
Aerobic (long and slow)
Which vitamins classify as fat soluble
A D E K
Which vitamin is usually not a concern in equine rations due to synthesizing it from sunlight
Horses do not need of benefit from which vitamin supplementation since they synthesize it from glucose
The horse is able to synthesize which vitamin in the hindgut
Vitamin B (group)
The ADF contains cellulose and lignin and can be an indicator of what
When blood glucose concentrations are HIGH, the pancreas secretes....
What are the group of enzymes (lactase, isomaltase, maltase...) called....and secreted from the....
2)Brush border of small intestine
Lipase is secreted from the...and is involved in the digestion of....
Trypsinogen, chyotrypsinogen, and procarboxypeptidase are referred to as the....and are secreted from the.....
Lipids must be packaged into a....in order to be absorbed by the....
Anylose is a......carbohydrate and has....bonds,
Cellulose is a.....carbohydrate and has.....bonds.
.....fatty acids oxidize spontaneously in the presence of oxygen to form free radicals. Vitamin....Can be supplemented as an anti-oxidant to prevent damage.
When corn is digested enzymatically within the small intestine, the end product absorbed into the bloodstream is...., while corn fermented in the hind gut results in the end product absorbed into the bloodstream being.....
The....circulation transports blood to the body, while the...circulation transports blood to the lungs
Primary difference between plasma and serum is that....is allowed to clot while....does not clot
The heart is what percent of the average horses body weight.
The greatest amount of airway resistance in horses comes from the....
Nose and Larynx
The portion with the most unstable resting potential that starts the heart beat would be seen in the P wave of an ECG in the....
Which portion of the conductive system is the only electrical conduction between the atria and the ventricles
In the electrocardiogram, which portion represents depolarization of the ventricles.
Which organ manufactures white blood cells and stores red blood cells at rest
The sites of gas exchange in the equine lung is the...
During breathing the diaphragm contract to increase volume and cause...Then it relaxes and bulges forward to decrease volume to cause...
1) Number of breaths per minute
2) Maximum rate of oxygen can be used
3) number of beats per minute
4) Amount of air passing in and out of the lungs per min
5) amount of blood pumped each minute
6) Amount of blood pumped out of the heart with each contraction
7) Amount of air remaining in the lung
8) Amount of air inhaled and exhaled at each breath
1) respiratory rate
2) VO2 max
3) heart rate
4) minute volume
5) cardiac output
6) stroke volume
8) Tidal Volume
The forelegs of the horse carry approximately what percent of body weight.
Damage between the metacarpals, is more commonly called
What is the more commonly used term for "intermittent upward fixation of the patella"
One function of the skeleton is to maintain homeostasis in the horse. (true or false)
in a.....muscle contraction, the muscle lengths as it generates tension.
Which cell is described as a bone forming cell which descend from stem cells
Describe the types of bone
1) spinal column
2) levers, support weight, locomotion
3) encolose cavities containing vital organs
4) absorb concussion (joints)
This mineral binds to troponin, and is required in order for the "power stroke" of a myofibril to occur.
Tendons attach bones to..... while ligaments attach bones to....
The thin filament within a myofibril which contains the active site of reattachment of the head of the thick filament is called...
The defect in form or function that affects the usefulness of the horse is a....
Inflammation of the periosteum along the front of the cannon bone.
Navicular syndrome involves pain in the area of the navicular bone, which is also called what....
Navicular syndrome also involves which tendon
Deep digital flexor tendon
A blemish may be a result of a former unsoundness (true or false)
These cells are responsible for bone resorption/remodeling, healing and phagocytosis
A deviation in structure that does not affect usefulness is a....
Lactate is purely a waste product that negatively impacts the horse (true or false)
These cells originated as a different cell type, but have become trapped/surrounded by bone. Which cell type is this
Extensor tendons are located on the.....and flexor tendons are located on the.....side
The thick filament within a myofibril which is double stranded is called....
In an....contraction the muscle does not change length and there is no joint movement.
This unsoundness presents as involuntary flexion of the hock during forward movement.
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