S.S 8th Grade final
Terms in this set (48)
What was the first government of the US?
The Articles of Confederation
What were the weakness of the articles of confederation?
The Articles, was too weak to enforce their laws and therefore had no power. The continental congress had borrowed money to fight the Revolutionary war and could not repay their debts.
What were the strengths of the Constitution?
The strengths were
1.Provides a government for people
2.Provides a government that can act when in danger.
3.Provides for a feral union where people still have certain rights and powers in their own states.
4. Guarantees individual rights
5.preserved the union
6. Flexibility interpreting the Constitution and aply it to change times
7.provides ordily change.
What are the first ten amendments called?
The bill of rights
What is the system that prevents any branch of government from becoming too powerful?
Checks and Balances
What is a set of basic principles that determines powers and duties of a government?
Who promised to add a bill of right to the US constitution?
What is the term for a person born in another country who becomes a citizen of the US?
What are powers granted to the states called?
What is permission to look for evidence of a crime in a particular location called?
Who was the first female supreme court justice?
Sandra Day'O Connor
Which act of 1789 established the structure of the federal court?
The Judiciary Act of 1789
System and its relationship to state courts?
Which act protected the US from traitors?
Alien and Sedition Acts
As President, what were the decisions the Washington was able to establish that served as examples for later actions?
Farmers in western Pennsylvania protested taxes in which rebellion?
What was created in order to strengthen the US economy?
Bank of the United states
The war of 1812 ended soon after the US victory over the British at which fort?
Which President won the election of 1800 and became the 3rd president of the US?
What is the power of the supreme Court to declare acts of congress unconstitutional called.
After US neutrality was violated, what did the US issue against trade with foreign nations?
In 1803, Congress approved which land purchase which added former french territory in the west to the US?
Who was the president of the US during the Era of Good Feelings?
President James Monroe
Why did the US and Great Britain agree to occupy the Northwest Pacific together
They agreed because they both were interested in the valuable fur trade in the organ country.
What did the Monroe doctrine state?
It warned European powers not to interfere in the affairs of the western Hemisphere.
What did Henry Clay propose regarding Missouri's statehood.
This agreement allowed Missouri to enter the United States as a slave state and Maine to enter as a free state.
For what is Washington Irving Known?
For his Biographical works and short stories
What was the organ trail
large-wheeled wagon route and emigrant trail that connected the Missouri River to valleys in Oregon.
Why did Texas offer land grants to settlers?
so they could increase their population
What is manifest destiny?
It is a term for the attitude prevalent during the 19th century period of America expansion that the united states not only could, but was destined to, stretch coast to coast.
How did some people hope to solve the problems of the Californians isolation from the rest of the country?
The Californians built onto the railroad, stretching it all the way to California. It was a long process which took almost twenty years, but it provides a stronger economy for California.
What dose to abolish mean?
to do away completely with something
What contribution did William Loyd garrison make to the abolition movement
He published an establishment paper newspaper called the Liberator
What was the american colonization Society's plan
to assist free black people in emigrating to Africa
What was the underground Railroad work?
They were conductors were free individuals who helped fugitive slaves traveling along the underground railroad.
Why did Harriet tubman get involved with the
After Harriet Tubman escaped from slavery, she returned to slave-holding states many times to help other slaves escape. She led them safely to the northern free states and to Canada. It was very dangerous to be a runaway slave.
What action did congress take to block abolition
Congress implicated the gag rule which prohibited members of congress from discussing anti-slavery petitions they revived
What was the purpose of the declaration of sentiments
The Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions was created to call upon women to organize and petition to gain the rights and privileges that they were denied.
What role did Sojourner Truth play in both the abolition and women's rights movements?
She constantly lectured about abolition and women rights. She showed how the two issues were related and why all people should be free
How did the the establishment movement influence the women's rights movement
Abolitionists Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott attended the Convention but were refused seats on the floor by male abolitionists because they were women. As a result, Stanton and Mott decided to hold a convention on women's rights.
What limitation on women's right did activist find unacceptable?
Many activists thought that women should be able to vote, to sit on juries and to own and control their own property.
Why did many American's oppose equal right for women?
Some women believed that they were not treated as un-equally; rather, they were treated differently. Other believed that women should be able to speak out for reform, but only from their own homes, not in public. Others thought that women lacked the physical or mental strength to survive without men's protection.
What was the purpose of Seneca Falls?
It was the first women's right convention in the US
What was the purpose of the Declaration of Sentiments?
It was created to call upon women to organize and petition to gain rights and privileges that they were denied.
What event triggered the war between the Union and the confederacy?
The confederate guns opened fire on Fort Sumter in Charleston, South Carolina
How did woman take part in the war?
Women were needed to fill many traditional male jobs and roles during the war and various advertisements were used to encouraged women to take on the job roles.
In what ways were the armies of the north and south unprepared for war?
Volunteers made up both armies. These volunteers did not have proper training, uniforms, arms and food.
Why did women volunteer to fight in the war?
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