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NTR 312H Exam III- David
Terms in this set (44)
NAD is the coenzyme that has the parent vitamin
Coenzyme A is the coenzyme that has the parent vitamin
FAD is the coenzyme that has the parent vitamin
Pyriodoxal phosphate is the coenzyme that has the parent vitamin
Biotin is the coenzyme that has the parent vitamin
Which type of processes, in general, require energy input?
Where is most of the ATP produced in a cell?
When a molecule donates an electron, the molecule is said to be...
When glucose is taken up by the liver, it can be phosphorylated then
used for energy or stored as glycogen, released into the blood for use by other tissues, converted to fatty acids when energy demands are met (ALL of the above)
In the Cori Cycle, what is transported from the muscle to the liver to be converted into glucose?
In the presence of oxygen, pyruvate is converted into
Which compounds can be converted into acetyl-CoA?
Fatty acids, alcohols, ketogenic amino acids (All of the above)
In electron transport, FADH2 yields how many ATP?
Which protein helps transport fatty acids from the cytoplasm into the mitochondria for beta-oxidation?
Each round of beta-oxidation generates how many ATP?
When acetyl-CoA is blocked from entering the TCA cycle due to inadequate oxaloacetate, then acetyl-CoA builds up and converts it to
Most of the toxic ammonia generated from amino acid catabolism is converted to urea in the
Someone's sensitivity to the effects of alcohol is typically due to the varying amounts of
gastric alcohol dehydrogenase
What is the primary anabolic hormone we've discussed in class?
Our bodies have an unlimited ability to store energy as
During prolonged fasting and starvation, your body relies more heavily on ________ for energy
What vitamin can be made from the amino acid tryptophan?
Which is important in the production of the thyroid hormone thyroxine?
iodine and tyrosine (All of the above)
Chromium is important in improving the function of
Glucose can be released into the blood from liver glycogen but not from muscle glycogen because the liver has
Phosphorylase-b can be activated by allosteric regulation with
In the absence of oxygen, how much ATP can be generated from glycolysis alone?
The net amount of ATP that can be produced from the COMPLETE oxidation of glucose with oxygen present is
Glucose can keep the TCA cycle running by pyruvate being converted to
Which enzymatic reactions cannot be overcome in glycolysis for gluconeogenesis?
Fatty acids must be converted to acyl-CoA to be metabolically available. How many ATP equivalents are required for this reaction?
The complete oxidation of palmitate will yield how many net ATP?
Which is not a ketone body?
In order to make fatty acids from excess glucose, ______ must be converted to oxaloacetate and acetyl-CoA
What is the rate limiting enzyme in fatty acid biosynthesis
The 2 carbon units used to make or elongate fatty acids comes from
When adding double bonds to fatty acids, humans can potentially use
delta 3, 6, and 9 desaturase (All of the above)
Which eicosanoid can be produced from atachidonic acid in the cyclo-oxygenase pathway?
What enzyme does aspirin inhibit?
The immediate common precursor to triglyceride or phospholipid synthesis is
Which enzyme is the rate limiting step in cholesterol biosynthesis?
Ammonia can be delivered to the urea cycle in the form of
glutamine, glutamate, and alanine (All of the above)
Which enzyme is inhibited by glucose-6-phosphate?
Which enzyme has a high affinity for glucose?
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