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Unit 4 foods from the land
Terms in this set (44)
Growing crops and raising animals in a controlled environment for human consumption
The practice of growing crops and raising livestock for only ones use, with out any surplus trade
A crop produced for its commercial value rather than for use of the grower
Large amounts of labour,machinery, and fertilizers are used on a small farm, high yields per hectare are obtained
Ex. Growing of fruits
Farming in which a small amount of labour, machinery and fertilizers are used on large farms, yields per hectare are small, most agricultural activity in Canada are of this kind
Two types of companies including cooperative and private/public companies. May include ; growing, storing,processing, or distribution of food
Cooperatives ; several farmers form a cooperative, each farmer owns + shares + receives the benefit
Companies ; often multinational corporations, companies control several parts of the process (developing seeds, retailing)
A raw material or primary agricultural product that can be bought and sold, such as copper or coffee
Leaving a field un cultivating for a year to build up its soil moisture
Effective conservation method where stubble left from previous years crops form a cover holding soil in place, protecting it from wind erosion.
A farm, business or other organization which is owned and run jointly by its members, who share the profits or benefits
Plowing across hilly fields, rather than up and down the slope of a hill to reduce the damage caused by soil erosion. In this way each crop row prevents water from running down the slop and taking the topsoil with it.
A temporary situation in which a country or region does not have enough available food to feed its population
An extreme form of hunger in which people suffer from a serious or total lack of energy and essential vitamins and minerals. The body waste away as tissue is consumed to provide protein and energy.
A condition in which health is damaged by a unbalanced diet that includes either too much or too little of one or more essential nutrients over an extended period.
A process of developing specific plant or animal species to increase yields, improve hardiness or pest resistance.
A system of farming which involves the growing of crops as well as raising of livestock.
A large farm where cattle or other animals are bred, especially in North America
Oil seed grown in North America
Food grown or raised without the addition of chemicals, antibiotics or growth hormones
Foods that are locally grown in an area
Genetically modified organisms; organisms whose genetic structure Has changed to give them characteristics that are seen as desirable.
Foods that have added nutritional values. Ex. Foods with more vitamins or protein
Foods that are high in sugar, salts and fat. Little nutritional value. Often pre packaged convenience foods
an estate on which crops such as coffee, sugar, and tobacco are cultivated by resident labor.
Manitoba exports pork to 30 different countries.
Pork industry in Manitoba
The act of building a community around farms
Preserves land in close proximity to cities. The land is primarily used for agriculture and can provide food to the residents in highly urbanized areas
Urban food belt
The state of having reliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious foods
The major agricultural products in Manitoba are hogs and grains and oils seeds. The geographic factors that influence agriculture in Manitoba is how flat our lands are for farms etc.
There are fewer farms in Canada because we are a developed countries so other countries imports various foods to Canada
Identify the major agricultural products in Manitoba and explain the geographic factors that influence agriculture in Manitoba. Why are there fewer farms in Canada today than 100 years ago?
The difference between subsistence farming and growing cash crops is; subsistence farming is growing for only ones use with out any trade surplus, and growing cash crops is more for commercial values rather than use of the owner. Subsistence farming is used in more undeveloped countries like Ethiopia
Explain the differences between subsistence farming and growing cash crops. In which parts of the world are each used? What are some examples of crops that would be grown using each technique.
Intensive agriculture is intense labour, machinery, fertilizers on small pieces of land ex. Plantations.
Extensive agriculture is using very little labour, machinery, and fertilizers on large pieces of land ex. Growing cereal crops, wheat in Canada.
Explain the difference between intensive and extensive agriculture. Which parts the world use these techniques? Identify some geographic factors that lead to the use of each type of farming
The three ways farmers can prevent erosion on their farms is by ; summer fallowing which is crops planted one year then in the second year the fields are left bare.
No-till cropping ; which is leaving stubble from previous years crops which forms a cover that holds soul in place and protects it from wind erosion.
Lastly contour plowing is used by plowing across hilly fields instead of up and down the slop of the hill this prevents water from running down the slop taking the top soil with it
State and explain 3 techniques used by farmers to reduce the effects of erosion on their farmland
Positives ; can increase nutritional values
Decreases the use of fertilization or pesticides
No long term affects
Most GM ingredients stem from cereals and crops that have either been engineered to be resistant to herbicides
Lots of companies are against GM foods
State three positive and three negative outcomes that have occurred as a result of GMOs being used more frequently in agriculture
Organic food products are food grown or raised with out addiction of chemicals, antibiotics or growth hormones
Good things; fewer pesticides
High demands for products
Not contaminated with chemicals
Need more land to produce the same amount of foods
If farms turned into organic farms we'd lose a lot of wild life (forests)
Doesn't sit long n the shelf
Organic farms are different because they do not use pesticides or chemicals but rather use natural things like manure
What is an organic food product? State some benefits to and drawbacks of consuming organic foods. How is this type of farming different from conventional farming
Famine is temporary lack of food for its country or region
And starvation is extreme hunger on ones body that takes all energy out of the body and waste away as tissue consumes itself to provide energy and protein.
Parts of the world are affected by these things because they are more on the developing side of the world so they may not have enough money or supplies to provide for themselves, the country or region could be over populated.
Explain the difference between famine and starvation. State three reasons why parts of the world are affected by these conditions
State three reasons why in which consumption of junk foods and pharma foods are currently affecting people in North America
Because the world is growing bigger and places are over populating. This affects people in developing countries because if they already don't have money to afford things, this just makes it harder to purchase products.
Why is the cost/ price of foods rising? How does this trend affect people in developed and developing nations?
Agrihood is building a community around a farm
And urban food belt is preserving land in close proximity to cities which is used for agricultural goods.
These contribute to food security because they both are providing for the residents so there is a reliable source for the food.
It brings local foods to the residents
Stops urban sprawl
Bad thing is that the transportation will be harder
Limits infrastructure development
How do agrihoods and urban food belts contribute to food security? Benefits and drawbacks?
Pros : defenders of new projects are bringing new desperately needed new technologies, seeds and investment to Africa.
Helps foreign nations supply citizens with food
One in three people are malnourished
People are starving because of lack of food supply
People are loosing their farm lands to other counties
Outline the pros and cons of developing agricultural plantations in developing countries like Ethiopia
What are local foods? Is this trend as environmentally friendly or agriculturally sustainable as it appears? Provide examples.
Grain, mixed farming, ranching
Major agricultural activities in North America
Cattle, pork, canola, veggies
Major agricultural activities in Manitoba
Tobacco is grown in
Wheat # 1 grown in
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