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Southeast Asia History

Cermonial Leader

Person who hold the title of the highest leader of a country, but has no real political power.


belief that people should be loyal to those with which they share a common histor, customs, origins, and sometimes language and religion.

Indian National Congress

A movement and political party founded in 1885 to demand greater Indian participation in government. Its membership was middle class, and its demands were modest until World War I. Led after 1920 by Mohandas K. Gandhi, appealing to the poor. (p. 663)

Muslim League

an organization formed in 1906 to protect the interests of India's Muslims, which later proposed that India be divided into separate Muslim and Hindu nations

38th Parallel

latitudinal line that divided North and South Korea at approximatly the midpoint of the peninsula

Civil Disobedience

opposing a law one considers unjust by peacefully disobeying it and accepting the resultant punishment

Mohandas Gandhi

Great leader from India who used non-violence to protest for independence, gender equity, and peaceful conflict resolution


control or the exercise of control , offered to the Indian people in exchange for help in WWII

Ho Chi Minh

Communist leader of North Vietnam; he and his Viet Minh/Viet Cong allies fought French and American forces to a standstill in Vietnam, 1946-1973. Considered a nationalist by many, others viewed him as an agent of the Soviet Union and China.

Vietminh League

established by Ho Chi Minh; meant to free Vietnam of French occupation

General Douglas McArthur

An American General in charge of rebuilding and bringing democracy to Japan and Korea.


Japans two house parliament created by the McArthur Constitution.

Mao Zedong

Leader of the Chinese Communist Party (1927-1976). He led the Communists on the Long March (1934-1935) and rebuilt the Communist Party and Red Army during the Japanese occupation of China (1937-1945).


payment for damages after a war


reorganization of all farms, where all ownership and decision making would be in the hands of the government.

Great Leap Forward

China's second five-year plan under the leadership of the impatient Mao, it aimed to speen up economic development while simultaneously developing a completely socialitst society. This plan failed and more than 20 million people starved between 1958 and 1960.

Cultural Revolution

a radical reform in China initiated by Mao Zedong in 1965 and carried out largely by the Red Guard

Red Guard

Militia units formed by young Chinese people in 1966 in response to Mao Zedong's call for a social and cultural revolutions

Domino Theory

the idea that if a nation falls under communist control, nearby nations will also fall under communist control

Cold War

A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted eachother on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.

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