16 terms

D117 - Understanding Psychology - Chapter 15

STUDY
PLAY
stress
a person's reaction to his or her inability to cope with a certain tense even or situation
stressor
a stress-producing even or situation
stress reaction
the body's response to a stressor
conflict situations
when a person must choose between two or more options that tend to result from opposing motives
anxiety
a vague, generalized apprehension or feeling of danger
anger
the irate reaction likely to result from frustration
fear
the usual reaction when a stressor involves real or imagined danger
social support
information that leads someone to believe that he or she is cared for, loved, respected, and part of a network of communication and mutual obilgation
cognitive appraisal
the interpretation of an event that helps determine its stress impact
progressice relaxation
lying down confortably and tensing and releasing the tension in each major muscle group in turn
meditation
a focusing of attention with the goal of clearing one's mind and producing an "inner peace"
biofeedback
the process of learning to control bodily states by monitoring the states to be controlled
General Adaptation Syndrome
Hans Selye's three stage body reaction to stress
Alarm Phase - GAS
The body mobilizes its fight or flight defenses; heart-beat and breathing quicken, muscles tense, pupils dilate and hormones are secreted.
Resistance Phase - GAS
The person finds means to cope with the stressor and to ward off adverse reactions.
Exhaustion Phase - GAS
The individual is most vulnerable to illness or death due to the toll on one's body.
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