Terms in this set (103)
This type of reproduction is common in certain types of flatworms. The organism splits in two, and each half grows new parts to become a complete organism.
These organisms depend on other organisms as their food source.
95% of all animals do not have a backbone, what is another name for these organisms? A
All animals breathe. They take in oxygen and give off carbon dioxide. What is this process called?
In a human, what is a haploid gamete?
Sex cell containing 46 chromosomes
Animals that have a nucleus are called
This important process is the movement from high concentration to low concentration and is important in the process of breathing.
How do most animals reproduce?
Sexually by producing haploid gametes
In order for an organism to be successful, they must maintain a stable internal and live in a stable external environment. What is the term associated with this?
Why are animals the most varied organisms on earth?
Animals reproduce sexually
Animals with sharp teeth, such as alligators, has the teeth that rip and tear food. How are they classified?
What system is associated with food that is chewed and further broken in the stomach to eventually be used by the body's cells?
Animals that eat plants have flat teeth for grinding food. How are these animals classified?
What is a fertilized cell called?
95% of all animals do not have a backbone, what is another name for these organisms?
Which animal group name means "double-life"?
About 250 million years ago, most swampy wet areas began drying out and disappearing. Many species of amphibian disappeared. Today, which of the following are examples of amphibians that still survive?
frogs and salamanders
After a period of drought, amphibians died off. What species evolved from amphibians?
Why did the dinosaurs become extinct?
asteroids, volcanos, and fires
From which group of animals did dinosaurs evolve?
Which of the following are reptiles found today?
Dinosaurs lived about 200,000,000 years ago. What is the name of this period?
Birds evolved from what animal?
The most important characteristic that separates birds from other living animals
A platypus is a mammal but it lays an egg just like a bird. What is the classification of a platypus?
What species is classified as a Monotreme?
In primates, what is the thinking part of the brain?
What continent are New World Monkeys found?
Recent DNA analysis confirms that among the great apes this animal is a human's closest relative.
According to evolutionist, early man evolved the ability to walk upright. What is the classification name given to these first humans?
In what continent is the earliest evidence of modern man?
Primates have a broad face with both eyes facing forward with overlapping fields of view providing depth perception. What term is associated with this?
Organisms classified as marsupials develop their young in pouches. What animal is found in this group?
What characteristic do New World Monkeys have that Old World Monkeys do not
How many hominine species exist today?
Which of the following is a placental mammal?
Primates eventually stood up on two legs. What is this evolutionary characteristic called?
Animals obtain their energy from eating plants and/or animals. What is their classification?
The digestive system is like a disassembly line. It begins as a mechanical process. What is the first mechanical step in digestion?
There are some animals that catch algae and small animals by using a modified gill or other structures as a net to catch food. What are these organisms called?
What is the body part that birds have developed and has become part of their digestive system?
Plants are difficult to breakdown and digest. Why?
Plant cells have a wall
Carnivores and leaf eating herbivores usually have different mouthparts. What type of teeth do carnivores typically have?
Herbivores have mouth parts that are designed for grinding. How would you describe their teeth?
flat and broad
Cows have a "second stomach" where bacteria break down a plant's cellulose. What is this organ called?
A gas will move from an area of high concentration to low concentration. What is the term associated with this?
Mammalian lungs are filled with bubble-like structures that increase their surface area. What is the name of these structures?
Animals that obtain food by ingesting decaying bits of plants and animal material are called
Most fish exchange gases by pumping water from their mouths
Over their gills
A large surface area increases the amount of oxygen able to absorb into the lungs. If a human lung is spread out, about how large would it be?
For proper digestion, cows will vomit up food and chew it again. What is this called?
Chewing a cud
What type of acid is found in the stomach? It chemically breaks down the food for absorption. A
Bacteria found in a human's intestine are necessary for proper digestion. Both the bacteria and a human benefit from this relationship. What is this called?
What type of blood vessels carry oxygenated blood from the heart?
What is the name of the tissue that covers the trachea and prevents us from choking?
One of functions of the liver is to convert harmful chemicals so they can be excreted from the body. What is the name of one of these compounds? (Hint: birds excrete this in their feces).
What is a neuron?
nerva and brain cell
What is a specific reaction to a stimulus is called?
This part of the brain controls voluntary movement.
Hawks can see 4X better than a human. What part of their brain controls this?
How fast is does the nerve signal move from neuron to neuron?
The outer part of the brain made entirely of neurons that are grooved and folded. It is the thinking part of the brain.
During a brain operation, a human cannot feel any pain.
Which of the following senses is associated with the olfactory lobe?
What is the most important part of the brain? It controls involuntary movements like heart beat and breathing.
Which of the following are one of the three classifications of muscles?
Tendons connect muscle to bone
What muscle type is voluntary?
Which of the following is a function of the skeletal system?
protection, movement, mineral storage
How many bones does a human have?
What is the largest bone in the human body?
Arthropods will lose their exoskeleton when they grow larger. What is this process called
Even jellyfish have a type of skeletal system. What is the term associated with this?
This connects a bone to a bone?
Reptiles and birds have evolved eggs in which an embryo can develop outside its mother's body, and out of water, without drying out. What is the name of this type of egg?
What is a zygote?
What type of behavior is it where an animal will perform even though it has not had previous experience with the stimuli to which it responds. Examples include spider building a web, birds flying south for the winter.
Which of the follow is NOT a learned behavior? A. Imprinting B. Operant C. Insight
If you've ever eaten a certain food and afterwards got sick, you may not ever eat that food again. What type of behavior is this?
When a baby duck first hatches from its egg it will follow around the "mother" where ever it goes, even if it is a dog. What type of behavior is associated with this?
Behavioral Cycles are changes in the environment that causes a response from an animal. Birds fly south for the winter. What type of behavior is this?
Many animals respond to periodic changes in the environment with daily or seasonal cycles of behavior. Migration is an example of this behavior.
Animals exhibit social behavior in many ways. Which of the follow are examples of this?
courtship, territorial, aggression
Animals living in a society communicate with each other. Ants will lay down chemical signals for other ants to follow. What is this chemical called?
Animals living in a society communicate with each other. Is honeybees doing the "waggle"dance an example of this?
This is the most complicated type of learned behavior. An animal applies something it has learned to a new situation. Some apes have learned to use sticks to determine the depth of a creek before crossing the river.
Many animal behaviors are essential for their survival. To survive and reproduce, animals must be able to find and catch food, select habitats, avoid predators, and find mates. True of False
Instincts are those that an animal will perform even though it has no previous experience with the stimuli to which it responds. Examples: spider building a web, suckling of a newborn mammal, building of a nest by a bird. What is another term used to describe this?
An animal gets into the habit of responding to a stimulus and will react the same way every time. Birds sitting by the roadside will fly away when a car passes. However, after the next 4-5 cars pass, the birds don't fly away. What type of behavior is described?
You are training your cat not to jump on the furniture by spraying water on him. What type of behavior are you engaging in?
A group of animals of the same species live together and depend on each other. Elephants gather in a herd and protect each other from lions, they help each other when in danger and the herd protects the all young elephants. What kind of behavior is this?
Having a job and going to work every day for a paycheck - is this Conditioned, Operant, Insight, and Habituation
A monkey stacks boxes to reach some bananas-is this Conditioned, Operant, Insight, and Habituation
You salivate when you smell your mom cooking your favorite meal. -is this Conditioned, Operant, Insight, and Habituation
Dog learns to sit and stay when rewarded with treat-is this Conditioned, Operant, Insight, and Habituation
Birds on side of road learn not to fly away when cars drive by.-is this Conditioned, Operant, Insight, and Habituation
instinct or learned behavior?A bird feeding her young
instinct or learned behavior? A horse performing in a horse show
instinct or learned behavior? A bear hibernating in the winter
instinct or learned behavior? Dog catching a stick
instinct or learned behavior? A skunk spraying when it is in danger
Are dolphons whistling at each other an example of animals communicating in society?
are wolves howling in the night an example of animals communicating in society?