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30 terms

APUSH Ch 33 Terms

Workbook Sections C & D
STUDY
PLAY
Ohio Gang
Poker-playing cronies from Harding's native state who contributed to the morally loose atmosphere in his administration
Adkins vs. Children's Hospital
Supreme Court ruling that removed workplace protection and invalidated a minimum wage for women
American Legion
WWI veterans' group that promoted patriotism and economic benefits for former servicemen
Five Power Naval Treaty
Agreement emerging from the Washington Disarmament Conference that reduced naval strength and established a ratio of warships among the major ship-building powers
Kellogg-Briand Pact
Toothless international agreement of 1928 that pledged nations to outlaw war
Teapot Dome
Naval oil reserve in Wyoming that gave its name to one of the major Harding administration scandals
McNary-Haugen Bill
Farm proposal of the 1920s, passed by Congress but vetoed by president Coolidge, that provided for the federal government to buy farm surpluses and sell them abroad
Dawes Plan of 1924
American-sponsored arrangement for rescheduling German reparations payments that only temporarily eased the international debt tangle of the 1920s
Hoovercrats
Southern Democrats who turned against their party's "wet" Catholic nominee and voted for the Republican in 1928
Harley-Smoot Tariff
Sky-high tariff bill of 1930 that deepened the depression and caused international financial chaos
Black Tuesday
The climactic day of the October 1929 Wall Street stock-market crash
Hoovervilles
Depression shantytowns, named after the president whom many blamed for their financial distress
Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)
Hoover-sponsored federal agency that provided loans to hard-pressed banks and businesses after 1932
Bonus Army
Encampment of unemployed veterans who were driven out of Washington by General Douglas MacArthur's forces in 1932
Manchuria
The Chinese province invaded and overrun by the Japanese army in 1932
Warren G. Harding
Weak-willed president whose easygoing ways opened the door to widespread corruption in his administration
Charles Evans Hughes
Strong-minded leader of Harding's cabinet and initiator of major naval agreements
Andrew Mellon
Wealthy industrialist and conservative secretary of the treasury in the 1920s
Henry (Harry F.) Sinclair
Wealthy oilman who bribed cabinet officials in the Teapot Dome scandal
John Davis
Weak, compromise Democratic candidate in 1924
Albert B. Fall
Harding's interior secretary, convicted of taking bribes for leases on federal oil reserves in the Teapot Dome scandal
Harry Daugherty
U.S. attorney general and a member of Harding's corrupt "Ohio Gang" who was forced to resign in administration scandals
Calvin Coolidge
Tight-lipped Vermonter who promoted frugality and pro-business policies during his presidency
Robert La Follette
Leader of a liberal third-party (Progressive Party) insurgency who attracted little support outside the farm belt and his home state
Herbert Hoover
Secretary of commerce through much of the 1920s whose reputation for economic genius became a casualty of the Great Depression
Al Smith
The "Happy Warrior" who attracted votes in the cities but lost them in the South (because he was Catholic and against prohibition)
Black Tuesday
The worst single event of the great stock market crash of 1929
Hawley-Smoot Bill
Extremely high tariff act that killed international trade and deepened the Great Depression
Douglas MacArthur
Commander of the troops who forcefully ousted the "army" of unemployed veterans from Washington in 1932
Henry Stimson
Hoover's secretary of state, who sought sanctions against Japan for its aggression in Manchuria