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Mel and her doctor are trying to decide which medication Mel should use to reducer her psychotic symptoms. Her doctor told her that the first-generation dopamine-blocking drugs can have side effects such as:
twitches and tremors
The ______________ indicates that, although we often cannot directly control all of our feelings, we can influence our feelings by changing our behavior.
At her health club, Bonnie pedals an exercise bike much faster when other patrons are using nearby equipment. This best illustrates:
In a study on social loafing, blindfolded students were asked to pull on a rope as hard as they could. The students pulled hardest when they thought:
no others were pulling with them
Prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system
Drugs used to treat depression;also increasingly prescribed for anxiety. Different types work by altering the availability of various neurotransmitters
A biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient therapy
The application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity
repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)
A now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain
The theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting either the situation or the person's disposition
The tendency for observers, when analyzing another's behavior, to underestimate the impact of the situation and to overestimate the impact of personal disposition
fundamental attribution error
Feelings, often influenced by our beliefs, that predispose us to respond in a particular way to objects, people, and events
Attitude-change path in which interested people focus on the arguments and respond with favorable thoughts
central route persuasion
Attitude-change path in which people are influenced by incidental cues, such as a speaker's attractiveness
peripheral route persuasion
The tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request
A set of expectations (norms) about a social position, defining how those in the position ought to behave
The theory that we act to reduce the discomfort (dissonance) we feel when two of our thoughts (cognitions) are inconsistent. Four example, when our awareness of our attitudes and of our actions clash, we can reduce the resulting dissonance by changing our attitudes
cognitive dissonance theory
Influence resulting from a person's desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval
normative social influence
Influence resulting from one's willingness to accept other's opinions about reality
informational social influence
The tendency for people in a group to exert less effort when pooling their efforts toward attaining a common goal than when individually accountable
The loss of self-awareness and self-restraint occurring in group situations that foster arousal and anonymity
The enhancement of a group's prevailing inclinations through discussion within the group
The mode of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a decision-making group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives
An unjustifiable (usually negative) attitude toward a group and its members. Prejudice generally involves stereotyped beliefs, negative feelings, and a predisposition to discriminatory action
A generalized (sometimes accurate but often overgeneralized) belief about a group of people
The tendency for people to believe the world is just and that people therefor get what they deserve and deserve what they get
The tendency to recall faces of one's own race more accurately than faces of other races. Also called cross-race effect and the own-race effect. Emerges 3-9 months of age
The principle that frustration - the blocking of an attempt to achieve some goal - creates anger, which can generate aggression
The phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them
mere exposure effect
An aroused state of intense positive absorption in another, usually present at the beginning of a love relationship
The deep affectionate attachment we feel for those with whom our lives are intertwined
A condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give to it
The tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if others bystanders are present
The theory that our social behavior is an exchange process, the aim of which is to maximize benefits and minimize costs
social exchange theory
A situation in which the conflicting parties, by each rationally pursuing their self-interest, become caught in mutually destructive behavior
Mutual views often held by conflicting people, as when each side sees itself as ethical and peaceful and views the other side as evil and aggressive
Shared goals that override differences among people and require their cooperation
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