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POL S 2: Yugoslavia Reading Qs
Terms in this set (14)
Who was Tito, and how did he manage to keep power over multiethnic Yugoslavia?
Undisputed victor and dictator of Yugoslavia. As long as his subjects remained loyal to him they could travel freely and enjoy the prosperous economy. He encouraged nationalism.
Who was Milosevic, and how did he come to power? What were the major national/ethnic groups in Yugoslavia at the time, and where did they live?
He was a Yugoslav communist and Serb nationalist. He came to power with mass rallies.
Montenegro- small Slavic
Macedonia- multi ethnic
Servia- Slavic and largest
-Kosovo and Vojvodina were Serb regions.
What was Milosevic's main political motivation? What moment helped to define this motivation?
His political motivation wasn't just to take back Serbia but to take over all of Yugoslavia. He was a successor to Tito. It was realized when by 1989 when most generals in the Yugoslav army were Serbs.
Why was Croatia's secession from Yugoslavia more 'complex' than Slovenia's?
Croatia descended into violence and war because their population was homogeneous., and a large minority of Serbs. However the leader was a firm nationalist who wanted Croatia to be independent.
Stoessinger claims that "the most extensive single act of "ethnic
cleansing" in Bosnia was carried out by the United Nations" (226). What does he mean?
Starts with the recognition of Bosnia, but without the guarantee of security.
What were the main features of the 1995 Dayton Accords? How effective were they?
The Clinton administration believed that lasting peace was likely to hold in Bosnia. So The presidents of Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia met in Dayton, Ohio to sign a peace accord. Ceasefire. It featured a single state o Bosnia, free elections in Bosnia, persons indicted by the special war crimes tribunal wouldn't participate, NATO implantation force with 60k men and 20k who would be American would ensure compliance, and all persons were now granted rights to move freely throughout the country. However, this was all flawed.
What were Milosevic's main goals in Kosovo?
He wanted to shore up his power by expelling over 1 mil Albanians from Kosovo. His goal was to forcible expel the Albanians from there, by torturing and terrorizing them
How did international actors respond to the conflict? How might a liberal and a realist explain their responses?
Western response was hesitant at first. NATO decided to go head on and strike to bring Milosevic to his knees.
What was Milosevic's "colossal miscalculation," and what were the consequences?
According to Madeline Albright, why Kosovo and not Rwanda?
What was the Hague Tribunal, and what were its findings?
What role did myth-making play in the conflict over Kosovo?
Myth of hate, which made reconciliation very difficult at the time.
Surk- What has Russia been doing in Balkan states recently? What is the NATO response?
Russia is trying to gain control of the Balkans again, undermining the US and NATO.
Surk-How would a realist and a liberal explain rising tensions in the Balkans?
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