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HIST 1001 Ross Final Exam
Terms in this set (75)
What caused the collapse of the Byzantine economy after 700?
the collapse of trade routes
The innovation of military districts or themes was a sign of
the military revival of the Byzantine Empire
What was the core theme of the poem Digenes Akritas
The Militarization of life on the Muslim-Christian Frontier
One outcome of the iconocalism controversy was
a growing division between Latin and Greek churches
The Macedonian dynasty was so successful in promoting Byzantine stability because they adopted the practice of
Why did the theme system decline after 1000 C.E.?
The decline of small farmers
In the seventh century, both Sunnis and Shi'ites agreed that the rulers of Islam should be
The Battle of Siffin was important because it
deepened the split between Sunnis and Shi'ites
The Arabian Nights and al-Kindi are both examples of what development?
the transmission of past cultures
The five Pillars of Islam have an important influence in
maintaining ties among Muslims
in practical terms, the idea of "Peoples of the Book" translates to
Muslim acceptance of Jews and Christians in their world
Before the rise of Islam, what best describes Arab society?
The life of the prophet Muhammad foreshadowed which elements of Islam in the future?
the fusion of secular and religious authority
What innovation helped to contribute to the decline in the Roman road network?
the camel caravan
the Umayyad rulers largely ________________ earlier Byzantine and Persian institutions
The wergild and Salic law represent what broader notion of Germanic society?
the importance of kinship and blood relations in society
When Gregory the Great said "Don't tear down their temples, put a cross on their roofs," what did he mean?
Make compromises with polytheistic religions
How did German inheritance law differ from Roman law?
it diminished female inheritance.
The Book of Kells illustrates __________________
the blending of Irish and Christian culture
The "marches" in Charlemagne's kingdom were _____________
The development of minuscule is a sign of ____________
a rebirth of literacy
A major weakness of the system of personal loyalties that were part of the German inheritance in Europe is that such ties were ____________
The most likely reason that Charlemagne copied Constantine's coronation is that ___________
it was the only model available to him
Compared to the Carolingian Renaissance, the Ottonian Renaissance was much more influenced by______________
Christian conversion was especially beneficial to__________
In medieval jurispudence, courts put more faiths in ________________ than _____________________
Primogeniture (passing landed estates onto male heirs) and growing population pressures were causes of _______________
The Poem of My Cid and the Song of Roland are examples of _________
the enduring legacy of medieval Muslim-Christian borderlands
Which polities profited the most from the Crusades?
the Italian city-states
Before the Fall of Jerusalem in 1099, Jerusalem could best be described as ________________
a religiously plural city
The Champagne fairs were important because they________
tied together Mediterranean and North Sea trade
The carruca, or heavy plow, altered peasants lives because__________
it required farmers to pool there animals
What was the key difference between a serf and a freeholder?
Freeholders owned their land outright
The Agricultural Revolution resulted in ________________
a significant increase in Europe's population
Primary schools were invented in the Italian cities in order to______________
train merchants' sons to be successful businessmen
Unlike Boniface VIII, Gregory VII was focused on __________
The Cathars (or Albigensians) were _____________
What was the center of much of christian worship during the middle ages?
arguably, the most profound and far-reaching consequence of the investiture struggle was the _____________
notion of separate religious and secular spheres
the papal bull Unum Sanctum was an example of
the secular objectives of the papacy undermining its spiritual mission
the baillis or paid professional royal officials were a sign of______________
the sheriffs and circuit courts were related in that both were ________________
expressions of royal power
The growing influence of the cathedral school can be seen as a step in the direction of a more ____________ education
Magna Carta can be said to have ____________
affirmed the legal rights of parts of society
Averros, Moses Maimonides, and St. Thomas Aquinas all dealt with the essential problem of ____________
reconciling ancient philosophy with the principles of faith
the pistoian book of the dead and francesco traini's fresco the triumph of death in Pisa represent what fourteenth-century event?
the black death
how did Tamerlane's conquests differ from those of Genghis Khan?
Tamerlane largely destroyed the Silk Road
the impact of the little ice age differed from that of the black death because the cold spell______________
shortened the growing season
In its first centuries the ottoman empire essentially
replaced the byzantine empire
How would you describe the effects of the fourteenth century depression on eastern and western Europe?
Eastern Europe fared better than western Europe
which of these was most clearly tied to the economic depression of the fourteenth century?
the ciompi revolt
the english victories during the Hundred Years war were primarily due to the use of ________________
the statutes of kikenney of 1366 were an early sign of ________ in europe
growing national identities
the conciliar movement attempted to resolve what dispute within the church?
the great schism
William of ockham's dialogus opposed what policy of the pope?
papal interference in secular authority
the brothers of the common life most closely resembled what other religious institution?
Dante Alighieri's Divine comedy and Geoffrey Chaucer's the Canterbury tales were based around the common theme of __________
it is most surprising that the french won the hundred years war because
the english won most of the major battles
Heretics and Jews were both persecuted during the fourteenth century because both were viewed as
Christine de Pisan and Joan of arc both
championed the cause of women in a male-dominated society
While Brunelleschi studied Rome for its architecture, Marsilius of Padua studied it for its_________
how should we see isabella d'este in relation to other women living in renaissance cities?
isabella was not representative of most women's lives
which of these were opposing trends in the fifteenth ans sixteenth centuries?
republicanism and the early modern state system
Venice can be said to have had a more _________government than Florence
the Venetians claimed descent from the __________
Philology was an important study for the humanists because it ______________________
focused on the study of classical writings
How did Petrarch's discovery of Cicero's letters make him reconsider the legacy of the Romans?
He found Cicero mortal and imperfect
The educational agenda of the humanists aimed to
train well-rounded critical thinkers
Renaissance painters and sculptors attempted to fuse______
idealism with naturalism
_______________ was/were a primary means by which the Renaissance was spread from Italy to the rest of Europe
Warfare and invasion
The work of Francesco Guicciardini represented a new direction in historical writing because he ________________
viewed human causation as primary
which of these strengthened the system marked by resident ambassadors?
what/who stood in the way of European monarchs' tax revenues?
communities, assemblies, and the aristocracy
In comparison to France and Spain, England was ______________
an economically backward country
Machiavelli's The Prince established the notion of ______________ in European political thought
the ends justify the means
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