26 terms

Grammar

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Declarative Sentence
a sentence that makes a statement and ends with a period.
Imperative Sentence
a sentence that commands and usually ends with a period.
Interrogative Sentence
a sentence that asks a question, waits to a response, and ends with a question mark.
Exclamatory Sentence
a sentence that shows excitement and ends with an exclamation mark.
Simple Sentence
a plain, old, vanilla sentence. No big deal :)
Compound Sentence
two simple sentences, combined with a conjunction.
Run-On Sentence
a sentence with no punctuation.
Personification
giving an inanimate object human/person traits of qualities.
Simile
a comparison between two objects using like or as.
Onomatopoeia
a sound word such as Boom! Buzz!
Metaphor
a comparison between two objects without using like or as.
Alliteration
when all the letters in the beginning of the words are the same such as Michele made magical muffins on Monday.
Hyperbole
and exaggeration such as I am so hungry, I could eat a horse.
Stanza
the paragraphs in a poem.
Caption
goes along with a picture and often tells what is happening in a story.
Noun
a person, place, animal, idea, or thing.
Pronoun
this takes place of a noun such as I, She, It, We, They, Her, etc...
Adjective/Modifier
describes, using vivid words.
Adverb
describes a verb and usually ends in "ly".
Preposition
the shows location such as across, under, in, on, beneath, below, etc...
Apostrophe
found in a contraction such as can't, don't, wouldn't, shouldn't, etc... It joins two words.
Proper Noun
an important, specific noun such as Georgia, Mr., Gainesville, Riverbend, etc...
Transition/Connecting Words
words that lead one idea to another such as Therefore, Also, First, In conclusion, Finally, etc...
Conjunction
combines sentences together such as and, but, or.
Prefix (un, re, dis, pre, mis, im)
beginning of a word such as redo, rethink, untie, disapprove, etc...
Suffix (er, able, ous, ness, ful, ly)
end of a word such as thoughtful.
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