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Period 4 Ap Euro
Terms in this set (47)
WWI New Tech
~ led to trench warfare and the lack of new tactics led to massive slaughter of the hands of the new technology
Causes of WWI
- Created tension among one another and that lead to the first world war that devastated all of Europe
Five year plan
- created by stalin in which he edited the plan to include the creation of
~ "Koknoz" collective farming systems that stretched over thousands of acres of land and had hundreds of peasants working on them.
- Basic idealistic principles of President Woodrow Wilson as a formula to end World War I and achieve a world without war
- Philosophical theory or approach that emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the well
Democratic Successor States
- Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Estonia, Finland, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland ( countries were craved out of the central powers and Russia)
- German government established in 1919,
- Liberal and Democratic
-Progressive w/ voting for women and extensive civil liberties for German citizens
-pair of revolutions in Russia 1917
~Good For Europe because Russia Withdrew from the war in 1919 and this stopped some of the more server fights in WWI
* Main cause for Fascism rose in WWII
Versailles Treaty 1919
- peace settlement between the allies and the end of the first world war.
- German authorities litlte choice but to accept the terms of treaty presented by the Big Three.
League of Nations
Organization in power after WWI ended and was crated to provide gathering in order to discuss and to solve international disputes
-small revolutionary elite
strongly centralized autonomy for national or other groups
-peasants in Russia wealthy enough to own farms and workers
-resisted Stalin's forced collectivization, but millions were arrested, exiled or killed
New Economic Policy
-Based around a tax called prodnalog, which was tax on food
-requisition had forcibly taken food under war communism
-a war that is unrestricted in terms of the weapons used, the territory or combatants involved or the objectives pursued, especially one in which laws of war are disregarded
a war with active military hostilities
the cold war was a state of geopolitical tension after WWII between powers in the Eastern Bloc and powers in the Western Bloc.
the iron curtain was the name for the boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of WWII in 1945 until the end of the cold war in 1991. A term symbolizing the efforts by the soviet union to block itself and its satellite states from open contact with the West and non-soviet controlled areas.
a league of Nations mandate was a legal status for certain territories transferred from the control of one country to another following WWI, or the legal instruments that contained the internationally agreed- upon terms for administering the territory on behalf of the League of Nations.
National Self- Determination
Creation of national governmental institutions by a group of people who view themselves as a distinct nation. National self-determination is opposed to colonialism and imperialism.
the holocaust, also referred to as the shoah, was a genocide in which some six million European Jews were killed by adolf Hitler's Nazi Germany, and the WWII collaborators with the Nazis.
New Racial Order
the racial policy of Nazi Germany was when policies and laws were made to implemented by Nazi Germany, asserting the superiority of the "Aryan Race" and based on a specific racist doctrine which claimed scientific legitimacy.
axis powers were a group of countries that opposed the allied powers in WWII, including Germany, Italy, and Japan as well as Bulgaria, Hungry, Romania, and Yugoslavia. The axis powers were led by Nazi Germany.
an intense military campaign intended to bring about a swift victory
the ma]Marshall Plan was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the U.S gave over $13 billion in economic support to help rebuild Western European economics after the end of WWII.
one of the various theories about how in the short run, and especially during recessions, economic output is strongly influenced by aggregate demand (total spending in the economy).
it lasted from 1929 to 1939, and was the worst economic downturn in the history of the industrialized world. It began after the stock market crash of October 1929. which sent wall street into a panic and wiped out millions of investors.
spanish civil war
widely known in Spain simply as the Civil war or the war. The republicans who were loyal to the democratic, fought against the nationalists.
Francisco Franco Bahamonde was a spanish general who ruled over Spain as a military dictator for 36 years from 1939 until his death.
Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party, ruling the country as Prime Minister from 1922 to 1943.
a system of government that flourished in Europe from 1920s to the end of WWII. Germany under Adolf Hitler, Italy under Mussolini, and Spain under Franco were all Fascist states.
Simone de Beauvior
- was a french writer, intellectual existentialist philosopher, political activist, feminist and social theorist.
- wrote novels, essays, bios, autobiographies, and manographs on philosophy, politics and social issues
feeling of disappointment resulting from the discovery that something is not as good as one believed it to be.
The generation reaching maturity during and just after WWI, a high proportion of two whole men were killed during those years.
Was a significant figure in London literary society an central ivory in the influential Bloomsbury group of intellectuals. Was considered are or the foremost modernists in the zothcen.
Was a novelist/ short writer. His work, which uses the major elements of realism an the fantastic.
Stravinsky's compositional career was no table for its stylistic diversity. His 3 ballets rose: The firebird, Petushka, and the ate of offspring transformed the way in which subsequent composers thought about rythmetic structure.
A cultural movement embracing noman empowerment and rejecting traditionalism as outdated. Rationality industry and technology were cornerstone of progress and human achievement
-a German word meaning "house or building"
-a German art school that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publisized and taught.
A zothien avantgarde movement in art and literature that sought to release the creative potential of yhe unconscious mind.
-was one of the most influential visual art styles of the early zothcen.
-movement in art especially in paintings
-single view point was abandoned and use was made of simple geometric shapes, interlocking planes, and later collage.
Second vatican council
economical council of the roman catholic church announced by pope John XXIII on January 25, 1959, as a means of spiritual renewal for the church and as an occasion for christians separated from Rome to join in search for reunion
a political theory from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person according to their abilities and needs.
a system of government that is centralized and dictatorial and requires complete subservience to the state.
New physicists examples
-Marie Curie: discovered that element radism gave of rays or energy= radiation
- Max planck: the quantum theory= energy is radiated in irregular packets called quata
-Albert einstein: theory of relativity
favored traditions when paintings and tradingcrafts like weavers, potters, glass makers, metal smiths, and furniture makers were now artist.
the International Monetary Fund is an International organization that acts as a leader of last resort providing loans to troubled nations.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization also called North Atlantic Alliance is an intergovernmental military alliance between North America and European States based on the treaty signed April 4, 1949.
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