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Vertical Integration

ownership of the means of production, distribution and exhibition by the same company


sound accompanying picture is physically recorded onto photographic film used by FOX


synchronized music, played with the film and often had problems. Warner Brothers


a kinetoscope (to show film through a small window) connected with a cylinder shaped phonograph


recorded sound directly onto film by using parallel lines lee Deforest

Non-diagetic sound

sounds that are made on films whose origin cannot be seen on screen

diagetic sounds

sounds made on films whose origin can be seen on the films screen

code seal

the seal of approval which allowed films to be made during the production code era

Fred Astair and Ginger Rogers

The dynamic duo who changed the face of musical film with their sound and dance

mark sandrich

director of many Astair\Rogers films

Famous Players\paramount

used block booking to keep those in contract working for them. got in trouble during the production code began.

adolph zucor

established famous players-laskey which then became paramount

jason joy

head of the SRC--a group of censors who followed the code

rouben mamoulian

dir: love me tonight--stage director who used sounds to make music in film

irving berlin

american songwriter-wrote for Jazz Singer and Top Hat

Van Nest Polglase

art director for Top Hat

Perry Ferguson

art director-citizen kane

Hermes Pan

choreographer for fred Astaire

Pandro Berman

Film producer for fred astaire and ginger rogers

"Big White Set"

the undecorated set fred and ginger used to dance

Harry cohn

president and production manager of columbia pictures

Carl laemmle

founder of universal studios

Darryl Zanuck

founded 20th century pictures

Frank Capra


john ford

director-grapes of wrath

"the Big Five"

paramount, MGM, RKO, warner bros, 20th century fox

"the Little Three"

united artists, universal, colombia


a widescreen movie format used in the early fifties till the sixties

The Virginian-1929

Victor Fleming--(ctxt) importance of sound--western

Top Hat-1935

Mark Sandrich--(ctxt) musical in film,

42nd street

Lloyd Bacon--musical, non-diagetic sound

Love Me Tonight

Rouben Mamolioun--diagetic sounds

his girl friday

howard hawkes--about the male\female fight in america, womens portrayal in film

Across the Universe

julie taymor- different scenes use unrealistic format and non-diagetic sound..taking famous music out of context

No country for Old Men

coen brothers--use of silence and importance of sound

What Price Hollywood

George Cukor dir.--studios taylored actors and actresses to their audiences liking

Barton Fink

coen brothers--the 'working man' film

The Grapes of Wrath

John Ford--Depression america--land loss due to dust bowl

Black Legion

william keighly--anti semitism and anti-foreign roles in film, mix of KKK and american legion

Wild boys on the road

william wellman--Depression america, parents cannot afford to keep children

Gabrielle over the white house

Gregory La Cava--FDR, about overturning government into faschism--, martial law, cancelled congress--walter wanger

Bonus Army

march of the WWI vets

Marked Woman

lloyd bacon--use of female protagonist as a prostitute turned good.


duncan tucker--character development of a woman as a man as a woman in american daily life. trials and hardships

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