Terms in this set (190)
Danger. Posted before dangerous areas (for example, construction sites).
(Watch for Streetcars). Posted before roads with streetcar tracks.
Crossroads. Indicates an intersection or junction. Yield to traffic approaching from the right.
Single Curve. Indicates a single curve and its direction.
Double Curve. Indicates a double curve and its directions.
Posted before steep downgrades; indicates degree of downgrade.
Dangerous Upgrade. Posted before steep upgrades; indicates degree of upgrade.
Rough Road. Indicates uneven stretches of road.
Beware of Ice. Indicates that areas ahead freeze easily (for example, bridges, shaded or wooded areas).
Slippery Road. Indicates stretches of road that may be slippery when wet or dirty.
Falling Rocks. Indicates stretches of road where there is danger of falling rocks.
Loose Gravel. Indicates a stretch of road that has loose surface material. Reduce speed and increase distance from the vehicle in front.
Traffic Jam Ahead.
Indicates that a traffic jam (Stau) may be ahead.
Oncoming Traffic. Posted where oncoming traffic normally is not expected (for example, autobahns, and construction sites).
Drawbridge. Indicates a drawbridge ahead.
Quay or River Bank. Posted near areas where there is danger of vehicles leaving the road and entering a body of water.
Signal Lights. Indicates traffic light ahead.
Indicates an upcoming pedestrian crosswalk.
Children. Posted where children may cross the street, particularly near schools or playgrounds.
Bicycle Crossing. Indicates that cyclists may be crossing the road.
Domestic Animal Crossing.
Indicates domestic animals may cross the road.
Wild Animal Crossing.
Indicates wild animals may cross the road.
Low Flying Aircraft. Posted near areas where aircraft fly at low altitudes (for example, airports).
Guarded Railroad Crossing. Posted 240 meters before a guarded railroad crossing on top of the marker with three stripes (sign 153).
Crossing. Posted 240 meters before an unguarded railroad crossing on top of the marker with three stripes (sign 156).
Distance to Guarded Railroad Crossing. Indicates a crossing separated from the road by a barrier. Posted 240 meters before a guarded railroad crossing. Each diagonal red stripe represents 80 meters.
Distance to Unguarded Railroad Crossing. Indicates a crossing not separated from the road by a barrier. Posted 240 meters before an unguarded railroad crossing.
Distance to Railroad Crossing. Posted before a railroad crossing and used with signs 153 and 156. The sign on the right with two diagonal red stripes is posted 160 meters before the crossing; the sign on the left with one diagonal red stripe is posted 80 meters before the crossing.
Railroad Crossing (St. Andrew's Cross). Posted at railroad crossings and is the mandatory stop point when the barriers are closed or a train is approaching. A flashing red light with this sign means a train is approaching and you must stop.
Railroad Crossing (St Andrew's Cross). Posted at railroad crossings. Variation of sign 201.
Indicates driver must yield to traffic on the upcoming priority road. If necessary, come to a complete stop to allow traffic on the priority road to clear before proceeding.
Priority Road Ahead.
Indicates that traffic on the priority road (indicated by the wide, curved black line) has the right-of-way. Drivers must yield to traffic on the priority road.
Stop. Indicates driver must come to a complete stop before proceeding.
Yield to Oncoming Traffic.
Indicates that oncoming traffic (black arrow) has the right-of-way. Traffic traveling in the direction of the red arrow must yield to oncoming traffic.
Mandatory Direction of Travel. Indicates that traffic must turn left ahead.
Mandatory Direction of Travel. Indicates that traffic must turn right ahead.
Mandatory Direction of Travel. Indicates that traffic must proceed straight ahead. No turns are permitted.
Mandatory Direction of Travel. Indicates that traffic must turn right.
Mandatory Direction of Travel. Indicates that traffic may proceed straight ahead or turn right, but may not turn left.
Traffic Circle. Indicates entrance to a traffic circle. Traffic in the circle has the right-of-way. Directional signals are not required when entering, but must be used when exiting the circle.
One-Way Street. Indicates that traffic may proceed only in the direction of the arrow. Backing up and making U- turns on one-way streets are prohibited.
Mandatory Direction of Travel. Posted before barriers and traffic islands, this sign indicates the direction in which traffic must proceed. Drivers must pass the obstacle on the side indicated by the arrow.
Bus and Streetcar Stop.
Posted at official stopping places for buses and streetcars. This sign will specify (with a picture) whether the stop is for buses or streetcars. Parking or stopping within 15 meters of this sign is prohibited.
Taxi Parking Only.
Indicates area reserved for taxis.
Bicycles Only. Indicates paths restricted to and mandatory for bicycles.
Bridle Path. Indicates that the path is restricted to and mandatory for horseback riders.
Pedestrians Only. Indicates areas restricted to and mandatory for pedestrians.
Jointly Used Paths for Pedestrians and Bicyclists. Indicates paths restricted to and mandatory for both bicycles and pedestrians. These areas are shared by bicyclists and pedestrians, not separated with lines for each.
Separated Bicycle and Pedestrian Paths, Restricted Speed Area. Posted to mark paths restricted to and mandatory for bicycles and pedestrians. These areas are separated, as shown by the line; bicycles are required to use one side, pedestrians the other.
Pedestrian Zone. Indicates an area where only pedestrians are permitted.
End of Pedestrian Zone.
Indicates the end of a pedestrian zone.
Bus Lane. Indicates a road restricted to buses.
Road Closed/Entry Prohibited. Prohibits entry for all types of vehicles. A sign reading Anlieger frei posted underneath the disk means that entry is permitted only to people who reside or have business on the street.
Motor Vehicles Prohibition. Prohibits entry for all motor vehicles other than motorcycles.
Maximum Weight Allowed.
Prohibits trucks that exceed the 3.5-ton-authorized weight limit.
Prohibits entry for motorcycles with or without sidecar, mopeds, or motor- assisted cycles.
Maximum Weight Allowed.
Indicates the maximum gross vehicle weight, in tons, permitted to proceed beyond this sign.
Axle Weight Prohibition.
Prohibits vehicles with an axle weight in excess of the weight specified on the sign.
Maximum Width Allowed.
Posted before narrow places in the road (for example, bridges, tunnels); indicates the maximum vehicle width, in meters, of vehicles that may pass through the area.
Maximum Height Allowed.
Posted before low-clearance structures (for example, bridges, overpasses); indicates the vehicle maximum height, in meters, of vehicles that may pass under the structure.
Maximum Length Allowed.
Prohibits trucks that exceed the maximum length allowance indicated on the sign.
Entry Prohibited. Prohibits entry for all types of vehicles. Posted at the end of one-way streets to prevent entry of vehicles from the wrong direction.
Snow Chains Mandatory.
Posted where snow chains are required. The speed limit on roads marked by this sign is 50 kilometers per hour (kph) (31 miles per hour (mph)).
Prohibits vehicles carrying water pollutants beyond this sign.
Smog. Prohibits all motor vehicles in areas having high pollution levels. When this sign is posted, drivers must use alternate routes.
Environmental Zone. Only vehicles with the appropriate emissions sticker (as shown in sign 270.1a) may be driven from this point.
Environment-Zone- Allowed Vehicles. This sign is used with sign 270.1. Only vehicles with emission stickers on the sign may enter the area.
End of Environmental Zone. Indicates the end of the environmental zone (signs 270.1 and 270.1a).
No U-Turns. Indicates that U-turns are not allowed at the intersection.
Minimum Following Distance. Prohibits vehicles of over 3.5 tons (except cars and buses) to follow similar vehicles closer than the distance indicated on the sign.
Speed Limit. Indicates the maximum speed allowed.
Speed-Limit Restricted Area. Posted in areas where the maximum speed permitted is shown in the circle on the sign.
End of Speed-Limit Restricted Area. Indicates the end of the speed limit shown in the circle on the sign (sign 274.1).
Minimum Speed Zone.
Requires speed no less than that shown on the sign, unless road and traffic conditions, weather, or visibility make it necessary to drive more slowly.
No Passing. Prohibits passing motor vehicles other than two-wheeled vehicles (bicycles and motorcycles).
No Passing. Prohibits trucks with a gross weight of over 3.5 tons and trucks or tractors pulling trailers to pass vehicles, except for two-wheeled vehicles.
End of Speed Limit.
Indicates the end of a speed- limit zone (sign 274).
End of Minimum Speed Zone. Indicates the end of the minimum speed requirement shown on the sign (see sign 275).
End of No-Passing Zone.
Indicates the end of a no- passing zone for motor vehicles (sign 276).
End of No-Passing Zone.
Indicates the end of a no- passing zone for trucks (sign 277).
End of Restrictions. End of all previous restrictions (for example, speed, no passing).
No Stopping. Indicates drivers may not stop.
Restricted No Stopping.
Indicates drivers may not stop for longer than 3 minutes.
Controlled Parking Zone.
Allows parking with a blue parking disc (sign 291) for the length of time shown on the sign. When the sign does not show the length of time allowed for parking, the time allowed is usually shown on parking meters.
Blue Parking Disc. This blue parking disc, indicating the driver's arrival time, must be placed on the dashboard when parking in areas is marked by sign 290.
End of Controlled Parking Zone. Indicates parking permits are not valid beyond this sign (see sign 290).
Painted over a crosswalk. If a traffic island is in the middle of the crosswalk, the stripes on either side of the island are separate crosswalks. Stopping or parking on or within 5 meters of a pedestrian crosswalk is prohibited.
Solid White Line. Prohibits traffic from passing on either side of the solid white line. Vehicles must not cross the solid white line, nor is it authorized for motorcyclists to lean over the line. Where a solid white line is used to mark the edge of the road, it is prohibited to stop or park on the left side of the line.
Solid and Broken White Line.
Indicates that passing is allowed for drivers on the side of the broken line and prohibited for drivers on the side of the solid line.
Directional Arrows. Painted on the road in front of an intersection to warn drivers to position their vehicles in the correct lane. If the arrows are between solid white lines (marked traffic lanes), the direction indicated must be followed once in the lane. Stopping or parking in a lane marked with arrows between solid white lines is prohibited.
Arrow on Pavement.
Indicates the end or beginning of authorized passing.
Indicates (by the striped area) a decrease or increase in the number of lanes. The warning area may not be driven in or touched by vehicle wheels.
No Parking. Painted on the road in a zigzag pattern to indicate areas where parking or stopping is prohibited.
Priority Road. Indicates that traffic on this road has the right-of-way only at this intersection. Signs are placed immediately before intersections in city limits and approximately 150 to 250 meters before intersections outside city limits.
Priority Road. Indicates that traffic on this road has the right-of-way over traffic entering this road at unmarked intersections. Outside of cities and communities, parking on a priority road is prohibited.
Priority Road. Indicates that traffic on the priority road (indicated by the wide, curved black line) has the right-of-way at the next junction.
End of Priority Road.
Indicates the end of the priority road and the end of right-of-way (sign 306).
Oncoming Traffic Must Wait. Indicates that oncoming traffic (red arrow) must yield to traffic traveling in the opposite direction (white arrow).
City Limits. Posted at the beginning of town or city limits. At this point, speed must be reduced to 50 kph (31 mph). This sign indicates the name of the town or city.
End of City Limits.
Indicates the end of the town or city. The 50 kph speed limit ends here.
End of City Limits. Indicates the end of the town or city and the distance to the next town or city.
Parking Area. Indicates an official parking area.
Parking on Curb Permitted. Posted where parking with two wheels on the curb is allowed.
Indicates areas where vehicles may be parked and public transportation is available.
Parking for Hikers.
Indicates areas where hikers may park their vehicles and begin their hike.
Traffic-Controlled Residential Area. Posted on or before streets on which pedestrians and playing children have priority. Motor vehicles must yield to pedestrians and children playing on this street.
End of Traffic-Controlled Residential Area. Indicates the end of the traffic- controlled residential area (sign 325). Vehicles leaving these areas must yield to all traffic.
Autobahn. Indicates the beginning of an autobahn. From this point on, all rules and regulations governing the autobahn must be obeyed. Hitchhiking beyond this point is prohibited.
Motor Vehicles Only.
Posted at intersections, along the road, and at entrances to roads restricted to motor vehicles. Permits only vehicles capable of maintaining speeds of 60 kph or more. All other vehicles (for example, bicycles, animal-drawn vehicles) are prohibited on these roads.
Autobahn Exit. Posted at autobahn exits. Exits marked by this sign are the only authorized exits from the autobahn.
End of Autobahn. Posted just before the end of the autobahn. This sign may indicate the distance in meters to the end of the autobahn (see sign 330).
End of Restriction. Posted where the restrictions required by sign 331(Motor Vehicles Only) end.
Broken White Line. Used to mark traffic lanes or the center of the road. The broken line may be crossed only if passing can be done safely.
Indicates pedestrians on or entering the crosswalk have the right-of-way.
One-Way Traffic. Indicates a one-way street.
Identifies a water-protection area. Drivers will not release contaminants (for example, oil) in or near areas where this sign is posted (for example, near lakes or streams).
Traffic Directed by School Guard. Posted in areas where school guards direct traffic to allow children to cross the street.
Dead End. Posted at the beginning of dead-end streets.
First-Aid Station. Posted at first-aid stations on autobahns that have qualified medical personnel on duty.
Repair Garage. Indicates that an auto-repair facility is ahead.
Telephone. Indicates on the autobahn that a public telephone is available at the next rest area or operated service area.
Police. Indicates that a German police station is ahead.
Tents and Trailer Authorized Area. Indicates areas where tents and trailers are authorized to be set up.
Radio Station. Indicates the radio frequency and channel to obtain traffic information.
Autobahn Hotel. Indicates that an autobahn hotel is ahead.
Indicates that an autobahn restaurant is ahead.
Autobahn Snack Machines.
Indicates that an autobahn snack machine is ahead.
Posted only on autobahns,
this sign recommends that drivers not exceed the speed limit on the sign, if the driver has favorable road, traffic, visibility, and weather conditions.
Place Name. Indicates the name of the place, unless sign 310 (City Limits) is posted. This sign also is used to mark rivers and war cemeteries.
Points of Interest. Indicates historical sights or scenic views. These signs are always posted alone and are never attached to other traffic signs.
Soft Shoulder. Warns motorists that the shoulder of the road is not reinforced and may not be used. If the symbol of a truck is shown on the sign, the sign applies only to trucks with a gross weight of 3.5 tons or more.
Customs Control. Indicates customs-control offices at border crossings.
Information Panel. Posted at country borders. Indicates the speed limit inside city limits, outside city limits, and on the autobahn.
Painted on streetlights that are turned off at night. Vehicles parked under a streetlight with this marking must have parking lights on.
Federal Highway Marker.
Indicates the number of the German Federal highway on which it appears. This sign, which is posted along all German Federal highways, does not establish priority.
Indicates the number of the autobahn junction.
European Highway Marker. Posted as a route marker for European highways.
Truck Route. Indicates the direction trucks must take.
Direction to Autobahn.
Shows the direction to the
nearest autobahn entrance and the name of the nearest city at which point the autobahn ends.
Direction Marker. Indicates the direction to places in a town. This example shows the direction to the train station.
Direction Marker. Indicates the direction and route number, if applicable, of the towns shown on the sign.
Direction to Autobahn.
Posted before entrances to autobahns, this sign indicates the direction and route numbers to the next cities.
Bicycle Route. Indicates the direction cyclists must take.
Autohof. Indicates that there is a 24-hour operated service area off the autobahn.
Autobahn Direction Sign.
Shows the distance to the next exit for the towns listed. The top of the sign shows the route number drivers will enter at the exit and the next major city that can be reached on that route. Below that, the sign shows the first two towns or cities that can be reached on this route, with the closest town shown at the bottom.
Distance to the Next Exit.
Indicates the distance to the next road exit. Each diagonal white stripe indicates 100 meters. In this example, the distance is 300 meters.
Detour. Indicates that traffic must travel in the direction indicated by the sign.
Bypass Routing. Indicates a diversion in the road ahead.
Autobahn Detour. Posted on routes where traffic is detoured off the autobahn.
Detour Route Marker.
Indicates the route, in solid black lines, to take to get back on the autobahn after having been detoured.
Orange Traffic Arrow.
Recommended direction of travel during heavy traffic or traffic jams.
Change of Traffic Lanes.
Shows the distance to the point on the autobahn where drivers must cross to the other side of the dividing strip (for example, construction sites). Yellow road markings have priority over white markings at construction sites.
Gravel. This supplemental sign is posted with a primary sign (usually a speed-limit sign) to indicate that loose surface material may be on the road. When this sign appears, drivers must reduce speed and keep a safe distance from the vehicle ahead.
Road Damage. Posted where the next stretch of road is damaged.
This supplemental sign indicates that the right-of- way has changed from what is posted.
Children Playing. Indicates that children may be playing on the road. This sign is used with sign 267 or 357 to indicate that children are permitted to play in the street.
Residents Only. This supplemental sign indicates only residents and their visitors should be driving on this street.
When Wet. This supplemental sign is posted where wet conditions are a particular hazard. Instructions on the primary sign must be obeyed only when the road is wet.
No Stopping on Shoulder.
Prohibits stopping on the road or shoulder where this sign is posted.
NATO Vehicles. Indicates the maximum weight (in tons) of NATO vehicles allowed to cross a bridge when two vehicles are crossing at the same time.
Speed and Distance Sign.
This sign is normally posted near a construction area to indicate a slower speed and the minimum distance to keep between vehicles.
Secondary Route. This supplemental sign indicates the route to use when a detour exists.
Traffic Jam. This sign warns of an upcoming traffic jam (Stau). STAU may appear on a number of backgrounds (for example, on the back of a police car, on a banner draped over a bridge).
fine [based on a judgment]
keep free (for example, do not block a driveway)
streetcar has the right-of-way
literally "accident aid" (This roughly equates to the English term "ambulance chaser.")
insurance confirmation card
on-the-spot (warning) fine
Posted 160 meters before the crossing - Distance to Railroad Crossing. Posted before a railroad crossing and used with signs 153 and 156.
Posted 80 meters before the crossing - Distance to Railroad Crossing. Posted before a railroad crossing and used with signs 153 and 156.
German Police Hand Signals
1. The basic rule is that traffic parallel to the outstretched arms of the officer may proceed and traffic facing the front or back of the officer must wait.
2. German police officer signals take priority over traffic signals, even if the traffic signals are operating.
Figure 1. German Police Signals (Stop)
When approaching an intersection, drivers must be alert for a red traffic signal or a police officer standing in this position, which means the driver must come to a complete stop. Note that this officer's signal to stop applies to drivers in front of and behind him, not to drivers to his right and left.
Figure 2. German Police Signals (Stop)
This police officer is waving traffic through the intersection with his right hand while signaling with his left hand for all traffic in front of him and behind him to wait.
Figure 3. German Police Signals (Attention)
This police officer standing in the middle of the intersection with one arm raised is signaling all drivers to stop and telling drivers in front of and behind him to prepare to proceed.
Figure 4. German Police Signals (Go)
This police officer standing with arms outstretched and pointing in the driver's direction is signaling the driver to proceed. The officer signaling the driver to go will stand sideways to the oncoming traffic.
Figure 5. German Police Signals (Go)
The driver may proceed as long as the police officer continues to wave traffic through.
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