Unit 6 CP US History Vocabulary 2017
Terms in this set (33)
Aggressive nationalistic movement that considers the nation as more important than the individual.
Dictator of the communist Soviet Union, he rapidly industrialized the country through his five year plan, making it one of the world's superpowers of the 20th Century.
Fervent anti-communist and fan of fascism, he was the leader of the Third Reich and Nazi Party and orchestrated the Holocaust and conquest of Europe.
Term referring to the alliance between Germany, Italy, and Japan during WW2.
The idea that trade between nations creates prosperity and helps prevent war.
Conference in 1938 in which Britain and France appeased Hitler in his wishes to take away many of the provisions of the Treaty of Versailles and restore Germany to its former glory.
Making concessions in exchange for peace.
German term for "Lightning Warfare" which refers to the German technique of fast paced advancements in battle, meant to overwhelm an enemy.
A line of concrete bunkers and fortifications built by the French along the German border after WW1 as a way to defend themselves against future German attacks.
Battle of Britain
An all out air battle between the Luftwaffe and the British Royal Air Force that was an unsuccessful attempt by the Germans to destroy the British RAF, which would have essentially crippled the British war effort.
Laws that took citizenship away from Jewish Germans and banned marriage between Jews and other Germans.
The secret police of the German government, tasked with rooting out German Jews.
A conference where the Nazis met to determine the "final solution" to the Jewish question: how to terminate the Jews.
Detention centers used to separate the Jewish people from the other German citizens, and exploit them for their labor during WW2.
Camps where the undesirable elderly, disabled, and young children were sent to be mass executed due to their lack of utility.
Allowed the United States to lend or lease armaments to any country considered vital to the defense of our nation.
An agreement between the United States and Great Britain that the post-war world would be democratic, non-aggressive, and would engage in free trade and economic advancement.
War Production Board
Board created to set priorities and production goals and control the distribution of raw materials and supplies need to fight WW2.
A campaign that urged African Americans to support the World War 2 effort to achieve victory against Hitler's racism abroad and to end racism upon returning to America.
Commander of the American Pacific forces that was forced to retreat from the Philippines after losing to the Japanese early in WW2.
A system where cargo ships traveled in groups escorted by navy warships to prevent attacks by German U-Boats.
Suits worn by Latin Americans in Southern California that featured baggy pants, oversized knee-length jackets with wide lapels, and excessive accessories.
The controlled distribution of scarce resources, goods, or services.
Gardens planted during wartime to offset the need for food on the home front so more food can be sent to the soldiers.
Name given to the allied invasion of France on June 6th, 1944.
Japanese for "Divine Wind," it was a term given to Japanese suicide bombers that flew their planes directly into enemy ships.
Battle of the Bulge
Winter battle near the border of Germany that stood as Germany's last major stand in WW2.
Victory in Europe day, this was the day that Nazi Germany was defeated for all intents and purposes.
Sparsely populated Japanese island that served as a perfect airfield for the eventual attack on the mainland of Japan; it's caves and rugged terrain made it difficult to take from the Japanese.
A jellied gasoline used for bombs that explodes on contact and causes fire to stick to whatever it lands on.
Secret American program that was developed to build the atomic bomb.
International political organization designed to prevent world war.
Prosecution of 22 Nazi leaders, 3 of which were acquitted, 7 who were given prison sentences, and the remaining put to death.