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Terms in this set (32)
the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization. This concept may be broadly described as encompassing as group's common beliefs, including shared traditions, language, styles, values, and agreement about norms for living.
the way in which we view events, this may lead us to perceive other cultures' practices as somehow irrational and inferior to our own. The cumulative effect of our life experiences creates in each of us alens through which we observe our environment. It focuses our attention on particular aspects of what we see.
an anthropological concept used to classify people according to physical characteristics, such as skin and eye pigmentation, facial features shape of head, and texture of body hair. It is a socially constructed concept that is given power by the way it is used to differentiate and assign privilege within a society.
distinguishes groups based on nationality and cultural, rather than physical, characteristics.
A group in which the members share a unique social, cultural, and sometimes geographic and language heritage that is passed down from one generation to the next.
tendency to view one's own culture and group as superior to all other cultures and groups
Racial Identity Development
a sense of group or collective identity based on one's perception that she or he shares a common racial heritage with a particular racial group.
Social Class (SES)
The term used to distinguish a person's position in society relative to others within that society.Parental occupation, education level, political power, and income serve as the bases.
The institutionalized system in society that operates to disadvantage working-class and poor people, greatly influences students' motivation to achieve, opportunities afforded, as well as their levels of career ambition.
A learned psychological, socia, and cultural aspect of a person that describes expected and sanctioned male and female behavior that results from socialization in the United States.
Gender Schema Theory
suggests that genetic predispositions may account for some behaviors, personality traits, and interests.
A condition that advantages men instead of women. I deprives women of equal opportunities, equal pay for equal work, and allows for discrimination in school admission and hiring.
The biological conditions of maleness or femaleness: the possession of the XY chromosomal configuration in males and the possession of the XX pattern in females, along with corresponding anatomical, hormonal, and physiological structures.
The degree to which we identify with the social and biological aspects of being a man or a woman.
an enduring sexual attraction toward members of either one's own sex or the other sex
an observable, measurable characteristic of an individual which interferes with the individual's functioning. A functional limitation within the individual caused by physical, mental, or sensory impairment.
The loss or abnormality of psychological, physiological, or anatomical structure or functioning, and handicaps involve the loss or limitation of opportunities to take part in the normal life of the community on an equal level with others due to physical or social barriers.
results when groups in society are oppressed often living, in a sense, on the fringe of societal opportunity, contributing to the resources and productivity of dominant culture while not completely assimilated or accepted and suffering the experience through the processes of ethnocentrism, racism, classism, sexism, heterosexism, and ableism.
Involves dominant culture acceptance of a minority group as fully respected members of society., the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture
The acquisition of the cultural patterns of dominant culture while simultaneously relinquishing traditions and customs associated with one's own culture of origin.
"unearned assets that create and provide a constant stream of opportunities denied to others in society. Confers dominance and permission to control by virtue of one's race, social class, ability, sex, ability status, and/or sexual orientation.
the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other races
Unfairness and injustice in treatment, status and opportunity.
The state of being deprived of human rights and dignity while lacking the power to do anything about it.
Treatment or distinction in favor of or against, a person or thing based on the group, class, or category to which that person or thing belongs rather than on individual merit.
Groups in society that benefit from the power and prestige of their membership in the race, social-class, gender, ability status, and sexual orientation groups that control society through policies, legislation, and practices that advantage them over marginalized groups.
Individuals who, because of their cultural characteristics, are singled out from others in the society for differential and unequal treatment, and who therefore are objects of systematic collective discrimination.
The notion that persons with no identified physical or mental disabilities are superior to persons labeled disabled.
simultaneously holding egalitarian values and negative feelings toward minorities
Connected more with economic & social standing in society than with cultural identity
a policy designed to redress past discrimination against women and minority groups through measures to improve their economic and educational opportunities.
discrimination in favor of heterosexual and against homosexual people
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