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15 terms

Psychology Chapter 8

STUDY
PLAY
The word order in a language is its
grammar
thinking involves mentally grouping similar objects, events, and ideas into
concepts
which are objects or acts that stand for something else, enable us to think about things that are not present.
symbols
Using this heuristic, people make decisions based on certain ideas or standards they believe in.
anchoring
describe specific procedures needed to solve a problem.
alogirthms
This type of search tries and tests each possible solution to a problem according to a certain set of rules.
systematic
reasoning starts from particular facts to reach a general conclusion
inductive
heuristic helps people make decisions using the basic information available to them in their immediate consciousness.
availability
reasoning, if the basic statements leading to the conclusion are true, then they conclusion is also true
deductive
words can influence decision-making because of their
framing effect
someone trying to solve a problem using this breaks a problem down into parts and tries to solve each part individually.
means- end analysis
a basic fact that gives information for drawing conclusions is called a
premise
people often solve problems by trying the same solution that worked for a similar problem. This is known as solving problems by
analogy
a language's _______ is the way in which words are arranged to make phrases or sentences.
syntax
is the study of meaning
semantics